Key Features

  • Problems are posed to help students work through the theory and apply it to clinical scenarios
  • CD offers thought-experiment activities, animations, video clips and scored quizzes to aid student learning
  • Icons in text link to accompanying CD making the theory come alive
  • Boxes containing additional information on many subjects extend knowledge or provide historical perspective to the principle in question

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1 Fundamentals of force
What is force?
What does mechanical force do
Scalar or Vector?
Drawing vectors
Point of application
Force magnitude and change in motion
The force of muscles
Magnitude of moments
Direction of moments

Chapter 2 Gravity, mass and stability
Gravity: the ultimate force
Centre of mass
Calculating the centre of mass.
Moments created by mass
Stability
Local and general stability
Standing balance

Chapter 3 Force analysis: Graphs and maths
How do forces combine?
The Q-angle and knee pain
Measuring force
Using mathematics to resolve force

Chapter 4 Forces and motion
Inertia
Moment of inertia
Linear momentum
Rotational momentum
Conservation of angular momentum 
Newton’s second law: Impulse and momentum
Newton’s third law: Action and reaction
Bodies in contact: pressure and friction
Centre of pressure
Friction

Chapter 5 Work and machines
Work
Muscles at work
Direction of work
Using machines to do work
Categories of levers
Velocity ratio
More advanced machines
Pulleys 
The power of work
Efficiency
Practical problems on force and human movement

Chapter 6 Stress and strain
Definitions
Stress
Strain
Stress-strain relationship and stiffness
A few other properties of materials

Chapter 7 Composition and mechanical properties of connective tissue
Connective tissue
Skin
Muscle
Bone
Articular cartilage
Tissue remodelling
Inactivity (immobilisation)
Maturation
Effect of ageing
Effect of recent history
Temperature
Science of stretch

Chapter 8 Flow
Relative density
Hydrostat

Details

No. of pages:
192
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2010
Published:
Imprint:
Churchill Livingstone
Electronic ISBN:
9780702042584
Electronic ISBN:
9780702058417