Introduction to Volcanic Seismology

Introduction to Volcanic Seismology

3rd Edition - October 19, 2016

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  • Author: Vyacheslav Zobin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444636324
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444636317

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Introduction to Volcanic Seismology, Third Edition covers all aspects of volcano seismology, specifically focusing on recent studies and developments. This new edition expands on the historical aspects, including updated information on how volcanic seismology was handled in the past (instrumentation, processing techniques, number of observatories worldwide) that is compared to present day tactics. Updated case studies can be found throughout the book, providing information from the most studied volcanoes in the world, including those in Iceland. Additional features include descriptions of analog experiments, seismic networks, both permanent and temporal, and the link between volcanoes, plate tectonics, and mantle plumes. Beginning with an introduction to the history of volcanic seismology, the book then discusses models developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes of both a volcano-tectonic and eruption nature. In addition, the book covers a variety of topics from the different aspects of volcano-tectonic activity, the seismic events associated with the surface manifestations of volcanic activity, descriptions of eruption earthquakes, volcanic tremor, seismic noise of pyroclastic flows, explosion earthquakes, and the mitigation of volcanic hazards.

Key Features

  • Presents updated global case studies to provide real-world applications, including studies from Iceland
  • Delivers illustrations alongside detailed descriptions of volcanic eruptions
  • Includes essential information that students and practitioners need to understand the essential elements of volcanic eruptions
  • Updates include information on how volcanic seismology was handled in the past (instrumentation, processing techniques, number of observatories worldwide) that are compared to the tactics of today 


Seismologists, Volcanologists, Geophysicists

Table of Contents

    • Preface to the Third Edition
    • Preface to the Second Edition
    • Preface to the First Edition
    • Chapter 1. Introduction
      • 1.1. Terms and Definitions
      • 1.2. Subject of the Book
    • Chapter 2. Seismicity at Volcanoes
      • 2.1. History of Seismic Monitoring of Volcanic Activity
      • 2.2. Classification of Volcanic Earthquakes
      • 2.3. Sequences of Volcanic Earthquakes
    • Chapter 3. Fundamentals of Volcanic Seismology
      • 3.1. Magma Flow Within the Volcanic Conduit
      • 3.2. Experimental Studies of the Volcanic Processes and Their Applications for the Seismic Sources
      • 3.3. General Description of the Source of Seismic Signals at Volcanoes
    • Chapter 4. Origin of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
      • 4.1. Migration of Magma and Its Seismic Potential
      • 4.2. Volcanism and Tectonics
      • 4.3. Source Nature of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
      • 4.4. Models of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquake Sequences
    • Chapter 5. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes at Basaltic Volcanoes: Case Studies
      • 5.1. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Shield Volcanoes
      • 5.2. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Stratovolcanoes
      • 5.3. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Fissure Eruptions
      • 5.4. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Caldera Collapse
      • 5.5. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Submarine Eruptions
    • Chapter 6. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes at Andesitic Volcanoes: Case Studies
      • 6.1. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Volcanic “Directed Blasts”
      • 6.2. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Phreatic and Phreatomagmatic Explosions
      • 6.3. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Lava Extrusions
      • 6.4. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Flank Eruptions
    • Chapter 7. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes at Dacitic Volcanoes: Case Studies
      • 7.1. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Summit Eruptions
      • 7.2. Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Flank Eruptions
    • Chapter 8. General Properties of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquake Swarms
      • 8.1. Properties of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquake Swarms Inferred From the Data of Chapters 5 to 7
      • 8.2. Additional Data About Volcano-Tectonic Earthquake Swarm Properties
      • 8.3. Some Regularities in the Volcano-Tectonic Earthquake Swarms Proclaiming Reawakening of Andesitic and Dacitic Volcanoes
    • Chapter 9. Source Properties of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
      • 9.1. Focal Mechanisms of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes: Double-Couple and Non–double-Couple Models
      • 9.2. Source Spectral Characteristics of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
      • 9.3. Temporal Variations of the Source Spectral Characteristics and Focal Mechanisms of Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes in the Course of Volcanic Activity
      • 9.4. Seismotectonic Deformations in the Volcanic Region
    • Chapter 10. Significant Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes and Their Role in Volcanic Processes
      • 10.1. Selection of Significant Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
      • 10.2. Focal Rupturing of Significant Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes and Its Role in Volcanic Processes
      • 10.3. The Magnitude 7 Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes in Volcanic Processes
      • 10.4. Seismic Hazard of Significant Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes
    • Chapter 11. Origin of Eruption Earthquakes
      • 11.1. Volcanic Processes Generating Seismic Signals of Eruption Earthquakes
      • 11.2. Source Mechanisms of Eruption Earthquakes
      • 11.3. Models of the Eruption Earthquake Sources
    • Chapter 12. Volcanic Tremor
      • 12.1. Seismograms and Spectra
      • 12.2. Location of Volcanic Tremor
      • 12.3. Relationship Between the Intensity of Volcanic Tremor and Volcanic Events
      • 12.4. Volcanic Tremor in Eruptive Process
      • 12.5. Special Cases of Volcanic Tremor
    • Chapter 13. Seismic Signals Associated With Pyroclastic Flows, Rockfalls, and Lahars
      • 13.1. Occurrence of Pyroclastic Flows, Rockfalls, and Lahars During Volcanic Eruptions
      • 13.2. Seismic Signals Associated With Pyroclastic Flows and Rockfalls: Waveforms and Spectra
      • 13.3. Occurrences of Earthquakes Associated With Pyroclastic Flows and Rockfalls
      • 13.4. Relationship Between the Pyroclastic Flow and Rockfall Earthquakes and Seismovolcanic Activity During the Lava Extrusion
      • 13.5. Quantification of Pyroclastic Flow and Rockfall Earthquakes
      • 13.6. Tracking of Pyroclastic Flows Trajectory Using the Amplitude Signals of Earthquakes
      • 13.7. Seismic Signals Associated With Lahars: Waveforms and Spectra
      • 13.8. Comparison of the Seismic Characteristics of Pyroclastic Flows and Lahars
    • Chapter 14. Seismic Signals Associated With Volcanic Explosions
      • 14.1. Waveforms and Spectra
      • 14.2. Nature of the Seismic Signals of Explosive Earthquakes
      • 14.3. Sources of Explosion Earthquakes and Their Quantification
      • 14.4. Location of Explosion Earthquakes
      • 14.5. Explosion Sequences
      • 14.6. Explosion Earthquakes in Eruptive Process
    • Chapter 15. Long-Period and Very-Long-Period Seismic Signals at Volcanoes
      • 15.1. Waveforms and Spectra
      • 15.2. Geometry of the Sources of Long-Period and Very-Long-Period Seismic Signals
      • 15.3. Type of Fluid Within the Fluid-Filled Cracks
      • 15.4. Location of the Sources of Long-Period and Very-Long-Period Events
      • 15.5. Conceptual Models of the Relationship Between the Sources of the Long-Period and Very-Long-Period Seismic Signals and Their Role in Eruptive Process
    • Chapter 16. Swarms of Microearthquakes Associated With Effusive and Explosive Activity at Volcanoes
      • 16.1. Waveforms and Spectra
      • 16.2. Structure of Microearthquake Swarms
      • 16.3. Microearthquake Swarms in Eruption Process
      • 16.4. Nature of Microearthquakes
    • Chapter 17. Acoustic Waves Generated by Volcanic Eruptions
      • 17.1. Infrasonic Acoustic Waves From Small Volcanic Explosions (VEI 1 and 2)
      • 17.2. Long-Period Acoustic and Acoustic-Gravity Waves From Large Volcanic Explosions (VEI 4-6)
      • 17.3. Acoustic Waves Produced by the Lava Dome Collapse and the Propagation of Pyroclastic Flow and Rockfalls
      • 17.4. Acoustic Waves Produced During Volcanic Microearthquake Swarms (“Drumbeats”)
      • 17.5. Utility of the Acoustic Signals for Volcano Activity Monitoring
    • Chapter 18. Seismic Monitoring of Volcanic Activity and Forecasting of Volcanic Eruptions
      • 18.1. Methodology of Seismic Monitoring of Volcanic Activity
      • 18.2. Applications of Volcanic Seismicity to the Forecasting of Volcanic Eruptions and Predicting of Volcanic Hazards
    • Chapter 19. Seismic Activity at Dormant Volcanic Structures: A Problem of Failed Eruption
      • 19.1. Failed Eruptions: Case Stories
      • 19.2. Modeling of Magma Ascent Resisting
      • 19.3. Monitoring of the Seismic Activity at Dormant Volcanoes
    • Chapter 20. The Seismic Signals Associated With the Natural Seismicity of Geothermal Structures Within Volcanic Environment
      • 20.1. General Description of Geothermal Systems
      • 20.2. Natural Seismicity Associated With Heat Discharge Within Geothermal Systems
      • 20.3. Comparison of the Seismic Signals Associated With Hydrothermal and Volcanic Activity
    • References
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 582
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2016
  • Published: October 19, 2016
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444636324
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444636317

About the Author

Vyacheslav Zobin

Vyacheslav Zobin
Dr. Vyacheslav Zobin began his scientific carrier in the Soviet Union as a research scientist at the Institute of Volcanology in Kamchatka where worked for about 30 years. Beginning from 1993, he moved to Mexico as professor and research scientist at the Volcano Observatory, University of Colima, México. During his 45-year activity in seismology and volcanology, Dr. Zobin published more than 150 research articles in the areas of volcanic seismology and seismic hazard. He published five books written in three languages: Russian, Spanish and English.

Affiliations and Expertise

Observatorio Vulcanologico, Universidad de Colima, Mexico

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