Description

Volcanic earthquakes represent the main and often the only instrument to forecast volcanic eruptions. This book is the first monograph about seismicity in volcanoes. It describes the main types of seismic signals in volcanoes, their nature and spatial and temporal distribution at different stages of eruptive activity.

The book begins with an introduction to the history of volcanic seismology, discusses the models developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes of both a volcano-tectonic and eruption nature. The next three chapters give case histories of seismic activity associated with 34 eruptions in 17 basaltic, andesitic and dacitic volcanoes throughout the world from 1910 to 1998. Chapters 8 to 10 describe the general regularities of volcano-tectonic earthquakes, their participation in the eruptive process, source properties, and the hazard of strong volcano-tectonic earthquakes. The following three chapters are devoted to the description of eruption earthquakes: volcanic tremor, seismic noise of pyroclastic flows, and explosion earthquakes, with a special discussion on their relationship to eruptive processes. The final two chapters discuss the mitigation of volcanic hazard, the methodology of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity, and experience with forecasting volcanic eruptions by seismic methods.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. 1.1. Terms and definitions. 1.2. Subject of the book. 1.3. Acknowledgements. 2. Seismicity at volcanoes. 2.1. History of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity. 2.2. Classification of volcanic earthquakes. 2.3. Sequences of volcanic earthquakes. 3. Origin of volcano-tectonic earthquakes. 3.1. Magma and its physical and chemical properties. 3.2. Volcanism and tectonics. 3.3. Models of volcano-tectonic earthquake sequences. 4. Origin of eruption earthquakes. 4.1. Processes of the outlet of eruption products from volcanic crater. 4.2. Seismic modeling of eruption earthquakes. 5. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes at basaltic volcanoes. 5.1. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with shield volcanoes. 5.2. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with stratovolcanoes. 5.3. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with fissure eruptions. 5.4. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with caldera collapse. 5.5. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with submarine eruptions. 6. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes at andesitic volcanoes. 6.1. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with volcanic "directed blasts". 6.2. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with phreatic and phreato-magmatic explosions. 6.3. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with lava extrusions. 6.4. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with flank eruption. 7. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes at dacitic volcanoes. 7.1. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with central eruptions. 7.2. Volcano-tectonic earthquakes associated with flank eruptions. 8. General properties of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms. 8.1. Properties of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms inferred from the data of Chapters 4 to 6. 8.2. Additional data about volcano-tectonic earthquake swarm properties. 9. Source properties of volcano-tectonic earthquakes. 9.1. Focal mech

Details

No. of pages:
302
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2003
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444513403
Electronic ISBN:
9780080535050

About the authors

Vyacheslav Zobin

Dr. Vyacheslav M. Zobin was born on January 31, 1944. He began his scientific carrier in the Soviet Union as a research scientist and then a head of the Department of Regional Seismicity at the Institute of Volcanology in Kamchatka where worked for about 30 years. Beginning from 1993, he moved to Mexico as professor and research scientist at the Volcano Observatory, University of Colima, México. During his 50-year activity in seismology and volcanology, Dr. Zobin published more than 150 research articles in the areas of volcanic seismology and seismic hazard. He published also five books written in three languages: Russian, Spanish and English. Two of them (“Los Efectos Macrosísmicos y la Vulnerabilidad Sísmica de Construcciones en el Estado de Colima”, 2001; and “Los Terremotos y sus Peligros: como sobrevivir a ellos”, 2004) are devoted to study of the seismic hazard of Mexican Pacific coast and three books ("Source Dynamics of Volcanic Earthquakes”, Nauka, Moscow, 1979 (in Russian); “Introduction to Volcanic Seismology”, 1st edition, Elsevier, 2003; 2nd edition, Elsevier, 2012) are about the seismic events on volcanoes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Observatorio Vulcanologico, Universidad de Colima, Mexico

Vyacheslav Zobin

Dr. Vyacheslav M. Zobin was born on January 31, 1944. He began his scientific carrier in the Soviet Union as a research scientist and then a head of the Department of Regional Seismicity at the Institute of Volcanology in Kamchatka where worked for about 30 years. Beginning from 1993, he moved to Mexico as professor and research scientist at the Volcano Observatory, University of Colima, México. During his 50-year activity in seismology and volcanology, Dr. Zobin published more than 150 research articles in the areas of volcanic seismology and seismic hazard. He published also five books written in three languages: Russian, Spanish and English. Two of them (“Los Efectos Macrosísmicos y la Vulnerabilidad Sísmica de Construcciones en el Estado de Colima”, 2001; and “Los Terremotos y sus Peligros: como sobrevivir a ellos”, 2004) are devoted to study of the seismic hazard of Mexican Pacific coast and three books ("Source Dynamics of Volcanic Earthquakes”, Nauka, Moscow, 1979 (in Russian); “Introduction to Volcanic Seismology”, 1st edition, Elsevier, 2003; 2nd edition, Elsevier, 2012) are about the seismic events on volcanoes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Observatorio Vulcanologico, Universidad de Colima, Mexico

Reviews

@from:C. Lomnitz @qu:...This book will be on the shelves of every geophysicist. I am delighted to report that it is useful, fun to read, full of information and worth rereading. @source:Natural Hazards