Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9780081016473
eBook ISBN: 9780857095886
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 28th March 2012
Page Count: 312
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This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices.

Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored.

Key Features

  • Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics
  • Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices
  • Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems


Physicists, materials scientists, engineers in academia; Researchers in spintronics and electronics; Theoreticians and experientialists

Table of Contents

Author contact details

Foreword by S. Murakami

Foreword by B. Luk’yanchuk



Chapter 1: Physics mathematics for nanoscale systems


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Vector calculus

1.3 Fourier transform and Dirac delta functions

1.4 Basic quantum mechanics

1.5 Second quantization for electron accounting

Chapter 2: Nanoscale physics and electronics


2.1 Introduction to nanoscale electronics

2.2 Nanoelectronics and nanoscale condensed matter physics

2.3 Emerging nanoelectronic devices and systems

2.4 Electronic background

2.5 Non-interacting electron gas

2.6 Interacting electron gas

2.7 Electron localization

Chapter 3: Electron dynamics in nanoscale devices


3.1 Introduction to electron transport

3.2 Equilibrium Green’s function in electron transport

3.3 Electric current under linear response

3.4 General Kubo conductivity

3.5 Non-equilibrium electron transport

3.6 Electron propagation – physics of Green’s function

3.7 Device current formalism

Chapter 4: Spin dynamics in nanoelectronic devices


4.1 Introduction: spin current and spin transport

4.2 Simple two-current system

4.3 Spin and magnetic system

4.4 Second-quantized spin orbit coupling

4.5 Non-equilibrium spin current

Chapter 5: Spintronics and spin Hall effects in nanoelectronics


5.1 Introduction to spintronics

5.2 Semiconductor spin transport

5.3 Spin orbit coupling (SOC) and Zeeman effects

5.4 Spin current under magnetic fields and spin orbit coupling

5.5 Spin dynamics under the spin orbit gauge

5.6 Spin Hall effects (SHE)

5.7 SHE in the Rashba 2DEG system

5.8 Spin drift diffusion for collinear s


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This book will enable Physics and Engineering students to understand the most important underlying physics of modern nanoelectronics., Prof Jian-Ping Wang, Director for The Center for Micromagnetic and Information Technologies (MINT), University of Minnesota, USA
We can see in this book that in the fields of spintronics and graphene, science and technology are close to each other; fancy ideas from pure theory can be directly measured or even be used for applications. The role of gauge theory and topological structure is emphasized in this book., Prof Shuichi Murakami, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
An excellent contribution to the fast-expanding field of nano-electronics. It is my pleasure to recommend this book to all researchers and students who are working in the field., Prof Yong Jiang, University of Science and Technology Beijing, China