This text provides an introduction to supercritical fluids with easy-to-use Excel spreadsheets suitable for both specialized-discipline (chemistry or chemical engineering student) and mixed-discipline (engineering/economic student) classes. Each chapter contains worked examples, tip boxes and end-of-the-chapter problems and projects.

Part I covers web-based chemical information resources, applications and simplified theory presented in a way that allows students of all disciplines to delve into the properties of supercritical fluids and to design energy, extraction and materials formation systems for real-world processes that use supercritical water or supercritical carbon dioxide.

Part II takes a practical approach and addresses the thermodynamic framework, equations of state, fluid phase equilibria, heat and mass transfer, chemical equilibria and reaction kinetics of supercritical fluids. Spreadsheets are arranged as Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) functions and macros that are completely (source code) accessible for students who have interest in developing their own programs. Programming is not required to solve problems or to complete projects in the text.

Key Features

  • Property worksheets/spreadsheets that are easy to use in learning environments
  • Worked examples with Excel VBA Worksheet functions allow users to design their own processes
  • Fluid phase equilibria and chemical equilibria worksheets allow users to change conditions, study new solutes, co-solvents, chemical systems or reactions


Students, graduates and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering and materials science

Table of Contents

List of Examples

List of Tip Boxes



Chapter 1. Chemical Vocabulary and Essentials

1.1 Philosophy of the Text

1.2 Organization of the text

1.3 Basic Words

1.4 Some Notes on Pressure

1.5 Chapter Summary

1.6  Suggested Reading and References

Chapter 2. Systems, Devices and Processes

2.1 Material, Energy, and Entropy Balances

2.2 Analysis of Devices and Processes

2.3 Practical Process I: Transcritical CO2 System for Heating Hot Water

2.4 Practical Process II: Flavor Extraction with Supercritical CO2

2.5 Practical Process III: Fine Particle Formation with Supercritical H2O

2.6 Chapter Summary

2.7  Suggested Reading and References

Chapter 3. Chemical Information and Know-How

3.1 Sources of Chemical Information

3.2 Chemical Property Databases

3.3 Chemical Property Databases: Nonreference Substances

3.4 Chemical Literature Databases

3.5 Bibliometrics

3.6 Chapter Summary

3.7  Suggested Additional Reading and References

Chapter 4. Historical Background and Applications

4.1 Historical Background

4.2 Characteristic Properties Common to All Supercritical Fluids

4.3 Extraction with Supercritical CO2

4.4 Commercial Food Products

4.5 Methods for Improving Yield and Modifying Selectivity

4.6 Dietary Supplements

4.7 Green Chemistry with Supercritical CO2

4.8 Polymer Synthesis

4.9 Separations

4.10 Characteristic Features of Water

4.11 Commercial Chemical and Waste Recycling Processes

4.12 Commercial Hydrothermal and Supercritical Oxidation Processes

4.13 Particle Formation

4.14 Coating and Film Deposition

4.15 Polymer Processing

4.16 Fo


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© 2013
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
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About the authors

Richard Smith

Richard L. Smith, Jr., Ph.D in Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Asia Regional Editor of The Journal of Supercritical Fluids. Hi is the author of more than 150 scientific papers related to properties, separations and materials with supercritical fluids.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan

Hiroshi Inomata

Hiroshi Inomata, Doctor of Engineering, Tohoku University, Director of the Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology. Dr Inomata is the author of more than 150 scientific papers related to thermodynamics, phase equilibria and molecular simulation of supercritical fluids.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan

Cor Peters

Cor J. Peters, Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology is the author of more than 250 scientific papers related to high pressure phase behavior and separations with supercritical fluids.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Professor, Petroleum Institute, Chemical Engineering Department, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates