Introduction to Superconductivity - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780080216515, 9780323161923

Introduction to Superconductivity

2nd Edition

Editors: A.C. Rose-Innes
eBook ISBN: 9780323161923
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 17th July 1978
Page Count: 288
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Description

Introduction to Superconductivity differs from the first edition chiefly in Chapter 11, which has been almost completely rewritten to give a more physically-based picture of the effects arising from the long-range coherence of the electron-waves in superconductors and the operation of quantum interference devices. In this revised second edition, some further modifications have been made to the text and an extra chapter dealing with ""high-temperature"" superconductors has been added. A vast amount of research has been carried out on these since their discovery in 1986 but the results, both theoretical and experimental, have often been contradictory, and seven years later there remains little understanding of their behavior. This book comprises 14 chapters, with the first focusing on zero resistance. Succeeding chapters then discuss perfect diamagnetism; electrodynamics; the critical magnetic field; thermodynamics of the transition; the intermediate state; and transport currents in superconductors. Other chapters cover the superconducting properties of small specimens; the microscopic theory of superconductivity; tunneling and the energy gap; coherence of the electron-pair wave; the mixed state; critical currents of type-II superconductors; and high-temperature superconductors. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of superconductivity and solid-state physics.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Symbols

Introduction

Part I. Type-I Superconductor

Chapter 1. Zero Resistance

1.1 Superconducting Transition Temperature

1.2 Zero Resistance

1.3 The Resistanceless Circuit

1.4 A.C. Resistivity

Chapter 2. Perfect Diamagnetism

2.1 Magnetic Properties of a Perfect Conductor

2.2 Special Magnetic Behaviour of a Superconductor

2.3 Surface Currents

2.4 Penetration Depth

Chapter 3. Electrodynamics

3.1 Consequence of Zero Resistance

3.2 The London Theory

Chapter 4. The Critical Magnetic Field

4.1 Free Energy of a Superconductor

4.2 Variation of Critical Field with Temperature

4.3 Magnetization of Superconductors

4.4 Measurement of Magnetic Properties

Chapter 5. Thermodynamics of the Transition

5.1 Entropy of the Superconducting State

5.2 Specific Heat and Latent Heat

5.3 Mechanical Effects

5.4 Thermal Conductivity

5.5 Thermoelectric Effects

Chapter 6. The Intermediate State

6.1 The Demagnetizing Factor

6.2 Magnetic Transitions for n/=0

6.3 The Boundary between a Superconducting and a Normal Region

6.4 Magnetic Properties of the Intermediate State

6.5 The Gibbs Free Energy in the Intermediate State

6.6 The Experimental Observation of the Intermediate State

6.7 The Absolute Size of the Domains: The Role of Surface Energy

6.8 Restoration of Resistance to a Wire in a Transverse Magnetic Field

6.9 The Concept of Coherence and the Origin of the Surface Energy

Chapter 7. Transport Currents in Superconductors

7.1 Critical Currents

7.2 Thermal Propagation

7.3 Intermediate State Induced by a Current

Chapter 8. The Superconducting Properties of Small Specimens

8.1 The Effect of Penetration on the Critical Magnetic Field

8.2 The Critical Field of a Parallel-sided Plate

8.3 More Complicated Geometries

8.4 Limitations of the London Theory

8.5 The Ginzburg-Landau Theory

8.6 Edge Effects

8.7 Transitions in Perpendicular Magnetic Fields

8.8 Critical Currents of Thin Specimens

8.9 Measurements of Critical Currents

Chapter 9. The Microscopic Theory of Superconductivity

9.1 Summary of the Properties of the Superconducting State

9.2 The Concept of an Energy Gap

9.3 The Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer Theory

Chapter 10. Tunneling and the Energy

10.1 The Tunneling Process

10.2 The Energy Level Diagram for a Superconductor

10.3 Tunneling between a Normal Metal and a Superconductor

10.4 Tunneling Between Two Identical Superconductors

10.5 The Semiconductor Representation

10.6 Other Types of Tunneling

10.7 Practical Details

Chapter 11. Coherence of the Electron-Pair Wave; Quantum Interference

11.1 Electron-pair Waves

11.2 The Fluxoid

11.3 Weak links

11.4 Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID)

Part II. Type-II Superconductivity

Chapter 12. The Mixed State

12.1 Negative Surface Energy

12.2 The Mixed State

12.3 Ginzburg-Landau Constant of Metals and Alloys

12.4 Lower and Upper Critical Fields

12.5 Magnetization of Type-II Superconductors

12.6 Specific Heat of Type-I I Superconductors

Chapter 13. Critical Currents of Type-II Superconductors

13.1 Critical Currents

13.2 Flow Resistance

13.3 Flux Flow

13.4 Surface Superconductivity

Chapter 14. High-Temperature Superconductors

Appendix A. The Significance of the Magnetic Flux Density B and the Magnetic Field Strength H

A.l Definition of B

A.2 The Effect of Magnetic Material

A.3 The Magnetic Field Strength

A.4 The Case of a Superconductor

A.5 Demagnetizing Effects

Appendix B. Free Energy of a Magnetic Body

Index

Details

No. of pages:
288
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9780323161923

About the Editor

A.C. Rose-Innes