Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Academic Press International Edition

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: Albert L. Rabenstein
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483226224

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Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations is a 12-chapter text that describes useful elementary methods of finding solutions using ordinary differential equations. This book starts with an introduction to the properties and complex variable of linear differential equations. Considerable chapters covered topics that are of particular interest in applications, including Laplace transforms, eigenvalue problems, special functions, Fourier series, and boundary-value problems of mathematical physics. Other chapters are devoted to some topics that are not directly concerned with finding solutions, and that should be of interest to the mathematics major, such as the theorems about the existence and uniqueness of solutions. The final chapters discuss the stability of critical points of plane autonomous systems and the results about the existence of periodic solutions of nonlinear equations. This book is great use to mathematicians, physicists, and undergraduate students of engineering and the science who are interested in applications of differential equation.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Linear Differential Equations

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The Fundamental Theorem

    1.3 First-Order Linear Equations

    1.4 Linear Dependence

    1.5 The Wronskian

    1.6 Abel's Formula

    1.7 Fundamental Sets of Solutions

    1.8 Polynomial Operators

    1.9 Equations with Constant Coefficients

    1.10 Equations of Cauchy Type

    1.11 The Nonhomogeneous Equation

    1.12 Variation of Parameters

    1.13 The Method of Undetermined Coefficients

    1.14 Applications


    2. Further Properties of Linear Differential Equations

    2.1 Reduction of Order

    2.2 Factorization of Operators

    2.3 Some Variable Changes

    2.4 Zeros of Solutions


    3. Complex Variables

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Functions of a Complex Variable

    3.3 Complex Series

    3.4 Power Series

    3.5 Taylor Series


    4. Series Solutions

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Solutions at an Ordinary Point

    4.3 Analyticity of Solutions at an Ordinary Point

    4.4 Regular Singular Points

    4.5 Solutions at a Regular Singular Point

    4.6 The Method of Frobenius

    4.7 The Case of Equal Exponents

    4.8 When the Exponents Differ by a Positive Integer

    4.9 Complex Exponents

    4.10 The Point at Infinity


    5. Bessel Functions

    5.1 The Gamma Function

    5.2 Bessel's Equation

    5.3 Bessel Functions of the Second and Third Kinds

    5.4 Properties of Bessel Functions

    5.5 Modified Bessel Functions

    5.6 Other Forms for Bessel's Functions


    6. Orthogonal Polynomials

    6.1 Orthogonal Functions

    6.2 An Existence Theorem for Orthogonal Polynomials

    6.3 Some Properties of Orthogonal Polynomials

    6.4 Generating Functions

    6.5 Legendre Polynomials

    6.6 Properties of Legendre Polynomials

    6.7 Orthogonality

    6.8 Legendre's Differential Equation

    6.9 Tchebycheff Polynomials

    6.10 Other Sets of Orthogonal Polynomials


    7. Eigenvalue Problems

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The Adjoint Equation

    7.3 Boundary Operators

    7.4 Self-Adjoint Eigenvalue Problems

    7.5 Properties of Self-Adjoint Problems

    7.6 Some Special Types of Self-Adjoint Problems

    7.7 Singular Problems

    7.8 Some Important Singular Problems


    8. Fourier Series

    8.1 Orthogonal Sets of Functions

    8.2 Fourier Series

    8.3 Examples of Fourier Series

    8.4 Types of Convergence

    8.5 Convergence in the Mean

    8.6 Closed Orthogonal Sets

    8.7 Pointwise Convergence of the Trigonometric Series

    8.8 The Sine and Cosine Series

    8.9 Other Fourier Series


    9. Systems of Differential Equations

    9.1 First-Order Systems

    9.2 Systems with Constant Coefficients

    9.3 Applications


    10. Laplace Transforms

    10.1 The Laplace Transform

    10.2 Conditions for the Existence of the Laplace Transform

    10.3 Properties of Laplace Transforms

    10.4 Inverse Transforms

    10.5 Application to Differential Equations


    11. Partial Differential Equations and Boundary-Value Problems

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 The Heat Equation

    11.3 The Method of Separation of Variables

    11.4 Steady State Heat Flow

    11.5 The Vibrating String

    11.6 The Solution of the Problem of the Vibrating String

    11.7 The Laplacian in Other Coordinate Systems

    11.8 A Problem in Cylindrical Coordinates

    11.9 A Problem in Spherical Coordinates

    11.10 Double Fourier Series


    12. Nonlinear Differential Equations

    12.1 First-Order Equations

    12.2 Exact Equations

    12.3 Some Special Types of Second-Order Equations

    12.4 Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions

    12.5 Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions for Systems

    12.6 The Phase Plane

    12.7 Critical Points

    12.8 Stability for Nonlinear Systems

    12.9 Perturbed Linear Systems

    12.10 Periodic Solutions



    Answers to Miscellaneous Exercises

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 444
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483226224

About the Author

Albert L. Rabenstein

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