Introduction to Modern Physics

Introduction to Modern Physics

2nd Edition - October 28, 1983

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  • Author: John Mcgervey
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161336

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Description

Introduction to Modern Physics, Second Edition is a 16-chapter text that discusses the principles of modern physics. This book deals first with the basic topics of modern science including the atomic nature of matter and electricity; the theory of relativity; the old quantum theory; waves and particles; and the Schrödinger equation. The subsequent chapters cover other general topics of molecular spectra, superconductivity, and the biological effects of radiation, illustrating the fundamental quantum theory of angular momentum and the harmonic oscillator. The remaining chapters explore the properties of nucleus, nuclear transformation, and interactions of particles. This book is an invaluable source for undergraduate quantum mechanics students.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Preface to the First Edition

    Acknowledgments

    1 The Atomic Nature of Matter and Electricity

    1.1 Kinetic Theory of Gases

    1.2 The Electron

    1.3 Determination of Avogadro's Number

    Problems

    2 The Theory of Relativity

    2.1 Experiments Preceding the Theory of Relativity

    2.2 Explanations

    2.3 The Lorentz Transformation

    2.4 Relativistic Dynamics; Four-Vectors

    Problems

    3 The Old Quantum Theory

    3.1 Black-Body Radiation

    3.2 The Photoelectric Effect

    3.3 Line Spectra and the Bohr Atom

    3.4 The Correspondence Principle

    3.5 The Franck-Hertz Experiment

    4 Waves and Particles

    4.1 X-Rays

    4.2 Matter Waves

    4.3 Wave Packets

    4.4 The Uncertainty Principle

    Problems

    5 Schrodinger Equation I: One Dimension

    5.1 Construction of the Schrodinger Equation

    5.2 Boundary Conditions

    5.3 Probability Current

    5.4 One-Dimensional Square Well Potential

    5.5 Barrier Penetration

    5.6 Expectation Values and Operators

    5.7 The Harmonic Oscillator

    Problems

    6 Schrodinger Equation II: Three Dimensions

    6.1 Extension of the Schrodinger Equation to Three Dimensions

    6.2 Spherically Symmetric Potentials and Angular Momentum

    6.3 Measurement of Angular Momentum

    6.4 An Example: The Three-Dimensional Harmonic Oscillator

    6.5 The Radial Equation

    6.6 The Three-Dimensional Square Well

    6.7 Scattering of Particles from a Spherically Symmetric Potential

    Problems

    7 The Hydrogen Atom

    7.1 Wavefunctions for More than One Particle

    7.2 Energy Levels of the Hydrogen Atom

    7.3 Fine Structure in the Hydrogen Spectrum

    7.4 Spin and Relativity

    Problems

    8 Further Applications of Quantum Theory

    8.1 Time-Independent Perturbation Theory

    8.2 Identical Particles

    8.3 The Helium Atom

    8.4 The Periodic Table of the Elements

    Problems

    9 Atomic and Molecular Spectra

    9.1 Atomic Spectroscopy

    9.2 The Zeeman Effect Revisited

    9.3 Molecular Structure

    9.4 Molecular Spectra

    Problems

    10 Atomic Radiation

    10.1 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory; Transition Rates

    10.2 Spontaneous Transitions

    10.3 Selection Rules

    10.4 Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation — The Maser and the Laser

    Problems

    11 Quantum Statistics

    11.1 The Three Kinds of Statistics; An Example

    11.2 Derivation of the General Form for Each Distribution Function

    11.3 Applications of Bose-Einstein Statistics

    11.4 Application of Fermi-Dirac Statistics: Free Electron Theory of Metals

    Summary

    Problems

    12 The Electronic Structure of Solids

    12.1 Energy Levels for a System of Ν Atoms

    12.2 Traveling Electron Waves in a Solid

    12.3 Solutions of Schrodinger's Equation for a Periodic Potential

    12.4 Superconductivity

    12.5 Brillouin Zones and the Fermi Surface

    12.6 Insulators and Semiconductors

    Problems

    13 Nuclear Radiation

    13.1 Early Work with Radioactivity

    13.2 Passage of Radiation through Matter

    13.3 Positron Annihilation

    13.4 Recoilless Resonant Absorption of Gamma Rays (Mossbauer Effect)

    13.5 Biological Effects of Radiation

    Problems

    14 Properties of the Nucleus

    14.1 Charge

    14.2 Radius

    14.3 Angular Momentum and Magnetic Dipole Moment

    14.4 Electric Quadrupole Moment

    14.5 Mass and Binding Energy

    14.6 Parity

    14.7 Stability

    14.8 Shell Structure

    14.9 Collective Motions

    14.10 Properties of the Deuteron

    Problems

    15 Nuclear Transformations

    15.1 Theory of Alpha Decay

    15.2 Theory of Beta Decay

    15.3 Gamma Decay

    15.4 Nuclear Reactions

    Problems

    16 Particles and Interactions

    16.1 Meson Theory of the Nuclear Force

    16.2 Properties of the Pion

    16.3 Leptons and the Weak Interaction

    16.4 Discovery of "Strange Particles"

    16.5 Conservation Laws

    16.6 Properties of the Κ Mesons

    16.7 Resonances

    16.8 Classification of Particles

    16.9 Unified Theories

    Problems

    Appendix Α: Probability and Statistics

    Appendix B: Derivation of the Bragg Scattering Law

    Appendix C: Solution of the Radial Equation for the Hydrogen Atom or Hydrogenlike Ion

    Appendix D: Table of Atomic Species

    Appendix E: "Stable" Particles

    Appendix F: Table of Physical Constants

    Answers to Selected Problems

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 768
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: October 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161336

About the Author

John Mcgervey

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