Introduction to Graphene - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128131824

Introduction to Graphene

1st Edition

Chemical and Biochemical Applications

Authors: Challa Kumar Ajith Pattammattel
Paperback ISBN: 9780128131824
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 12th August 2017
Page Count: 232
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Introduction to Graphene: Chemical and Biochemical Applications addresses a broad range of graphene research, including the prehistory and background of graphene, synthetic approaches, characterization techniques, composites/derivatives, inorganic graphene analogues, and applications of graphene. The book’s special emphasis on solution chemistry and graphene sets it apart from less practical titles in that its concepts are immediately implementable in the laboratories of chemists and biochemists.

The book presents a variety of experimental approaches from the authors’ research laboratories and others around the world for graphene preparation in the solution phase, especially under aqueous conditions or in animal serum—the most practical kind of graphene for chemists and biochemists. The book is ideally suited for a broad range of readers, including advanced undergraduates, graduate research students and professionals in state-of-the-art research labs who want to use graphene to develop novel applications.

Key Features

  • Features reviews of the most recent advances in graphene research across chemistry and biochemistry
  • Emphasizes chemical and biological applications for specialists, aiding more multi-disciplinary research
  • Presents a variety of experimental approaches for graphene preparation in the solution phase, especially under aqueous conditions or even in animal serum


Physical Chemists, Analytical Chemists, Biochemists and Materials Scientists. Secondary audience includes instructors and students at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels taking related coursework

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to graphene
    o History and discovery
    o Wonder material?
    o Comparison with other carbon based materials
    o Graphene oxide
    o Challenges in the future
    2. Synthetic methods
    o Solid phase methods
    § CVD
    § Scorch tape method
    § Roll to roll methods
    o Liquid phase exfoliation
    § Sonication
    § Shear
    § Ball milling
    § Chemical synthesis
    3. Characterization of graphene
    o Physical Characteristics
    o Absorption/Extinction Spectroscopy
    o Raman Spectroscopy
    o Electron Microscopy
    o AFM/STEM Microscopy
    o XPS
    o Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    o Other techniques
    4. Graphene composites with 2D-materials
    o Graphene Composites with Boron Nitride and other 2D materials
    § Design and preparation
    § Characterization
    § Applications
    5. Graphene composites with CNT and Fullerenes
    Design and preparation
    6. Graphene composites with synthetic polymers
    Design and preparation
    7. Graphene composites with proteins and biologics
    Design and preparation
    8. Properties of graphene and its composites
    o Mechanical properties
    § Strength, strain and elasticity
    o Optical properties
    § Absorption
    § Fluorescence
    § Surface Plasmon
    9. Inorganic analogues of graphene
    o h-Boron Nitride (BN)
    o Transition Metal Dichalogenates (TMDs)
    o MXenes
    10. Application of graphene
    o Electronics Applications
    o Additives
    o (Bio)Sensing
    o Drug delivery
    11. Nanotoxicity of graphene
    o Dependence of Size, number of layers and defects
    o Comparison between Graphene, Graphene Oxide and reduced GO
    o In vivo studies
    12. Future of graphene revolution and roadmap
    o Advances in bulk, inexpensive synthesis
    o Scalability and purity
    o Mitigation of toxicity


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© Elsevier 2017
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About the Author

Challa Kumar

Challa Vijaya Kumar, PhD is a senior professor at the University of Connecticut and has more than 40 years of research experience in interdisciplinary research areas including biological chemistry, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, photochemistry, biochemistry and material chemistry. He has more than 158 peer-reviewed publications and several book chapters in internationally reputed journals. He has been actively working in the area of bio-related two-dimensional materials for nearly 25 years and has published 10 papers on graphene related topics in the last 3 years. More importantly, his research lab pioneered the synthesis of graphene in aqueous conditions using proteins as exfoliating agents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Departments of Chemistry and of Molecular & Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA

Ajith Pattammattel

Ajith Pattammattel is a graduate student who has been working under Dr. Challa Kumar for the last five years and has significant experience in graphene synthesis, characterization and chemistry at biological interfaces. He has 8 publications on graphene related topics in reputed journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Graduate Student, University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA