Description

This book provides an introductory-level exploration of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD), the principles governing air and water flows on large terrestrial scales. Physical principles are illustrated with the aid of the simplest existing models, and the computer methods are shown in juxtaposition with the equations to which they apply. It explores contemporary topics of climate dynamics and equatorial dynamics, including the Greenhouse Effect, global warming, and the El Nino Southern Oscillation.

Key Features

  • Combines both physical and numerical aspects of geophysical fluid dynamics into a single affordable volume
  • Explores contemporary topics such as the Greenhouse Effect, global warming and the El Nino Southern Oscillation
  • Biographical and historical notes at the ends of chapters trace the intellectual development of the field
  • Recipient of the 2010 Wernaers Prize, awarded each year by the National Fund for Scientific Research of Belgium (FNR-FNRS).

Readership

first-year graduate students and upper-level undergraduates in meteorology, oceanography, civil/environmental engineering, along with researchers and professionals in related fields who require a solid introduction to geophysical fluid dynamics

Table of Contents

  • Edited by
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Preface of the First Edition
  • Part I: Fundamentals
    • Chapter 1. Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Objective
      • 1.2 Importance of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
      • 1.3 Distinguishing Attributes of Geophysical Flows
      • 1.4 Scales of Motions
      • 1.5 Importance of Rotation
      • 1.6 Importance of Stratification
      • 1.7 Distinction Between the Atmosphere and Oceans
      • 1.8 Data Acquisition
      • 1.9 The Emergence of Numerical Simulations
      • 1.10 Scales Analysis and Finite Differences
      • 1.11 Higher-Order Methods
      • 1.12 Aliasing
      • Analytical Problems
      • Numerical Exercises
      • Walsh Cottage, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 1962–present
      • UK Meteorological Office, Exeter, England 1854–present
    • Chapter 2. The Coriolis Force
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Rotating Framework of Reference
      • 2.2 Unimportance of the Centrifugal Force
      • 2.3 Free Motion on a Rotating Plane
      • 2.4 Analogy and Physical Interpretation
      • 2.5 Acceleration on a Three-Dimensional Rotating Planet
      • 2.6 Numerical Approach to Oscillatory Motions
      • 2.7 Numerical Convergence and Stability
      • 2.8 Predictor-Corrector Methods
      • 2.9 Higher-Order Schemes
      • Analytical Problems
      • Numerical Exercises
      • Pierre Simon Marquis de Laplace 1749–1827
      • Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis 1792–1843
    • Chapter 3. Equations of Fluid Motion
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Mass Budget
      • 3.2 Momentum Budget
      • 3.3 Equation of State
      • 3.4 Energy Budget
      • 3.5 Salt and Moisture Budgets
      • 3.6 Summary of Governing Equations
      • 3.7 Boussinesq Approximation
      • 3.8 Flux Formulation and Conservative Form
      • 3.9 Finite-Volume Discretization
      • Analytical Problems
      • Numerical Exerc

Details

No. of pages:
875
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780120887590
Electronic ISBN:
9780080916781

About the editors

Benoit Cushman-Roisin

Affiliations and Expertise

Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, USA

Jean-Marie Beckers

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Liege, Belgium

Reviews

"...clear, informative, and ambitious...a unique and well-respected approach to dynamic meteorology and physical oceanography...I would recommend this book to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and others for self-study or reference."--Pure and Applied Geophysics, Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Second Edition

"...clear, informative, and ambitious...a unique and well-respected approach to dynamic meteorology and physical oceanography...I would recommend this book to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and others for self-study or reference."--Pure and Applied Geophysics, Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Second Edition

"This book…is one of the best books introducing the subject matter. The physics underlying the different phenomena of interest to geophysical fluid dynamics is concisely explained…Several problems, questions and exercises are given at the end of each chapter. I highly recommend this to undergraduate students, however, graduate students will also benefit from the material presented."--Contemporary Physics, January 29, 2013
"…Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics is one of the best books introducing the subject matter. The physics underlying the different phenomena of interest to geophysical fluid dynamics is concisely explained…I highly recommend this to undergraduate students, however, graduate students will also benefit from the material presented."--Contemporary Physics, Volume 54, Issue 1