Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: Robert Maxwell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223070

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Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures deals with the preparation of geological maps using topographic contours such as hills, valleys, rock outcrop patterns, faults, veins, rivers, lakes, cliffs, and coasts. A geological formation is a three-dimensional body with a particular shape. Two factors determine the accuracy of boundaries on a geological map: 1) boundaries can only be drawn where there is a sharp contact between adjacent formations; and 2) the ability to follow geological boundaries in the field depends on the degree of exposure, from which the solid rocks tend to be hidden under a cover of soil and superficial deposits. If economic interests are involved, geological maps are very detailed: subsurface information obtained from bore holes and mine workings can be added to surface mapping. The book also describes the construction of a tectonic map, usually drawn on a larger scale, which shows the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units also in very large scales. The book notes that no systematic methodology has yet been developed for the construction of tectonic maps. The book is suitable for geologists, students, or scientists involved in hydrology, meteorology and with general earth sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    Chapter 2. Sedimentary Rocks and the Outcrop Pattern

    Chapter 3. Folds and Folding

    Chapter 4. Folded Rocks and the Outcrop Pattern

    Chapter 5. Joints, Veins and Faults

    Chapter 6. Igneous Rocks and their Structure

    Chapter 7. Unconformities and the Geological Record

    Chapter 8. Cratons and Orogenic Belts

    Selected References on Structural Geology and Tectonics

    Appendix: List of Geological Survey Maps


Product details

  • No. of pages: 340
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223070

About the Author

Robert Maxwell

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