Introduction to Fluoropolymers

Introduction to Fluoropolymers

Materials, Technology and Applications

1st Edition - May 11, 2013

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  • Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455775514
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455774425

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Introduction to Fluoropolymers demystifies fluoropolymers for a wide audience of designers, engineers, sales staff and managers. This important group of high-performance polymers has applications across a wide range of market sectors, including automotive, aerospace, medical devices, high performance apparel, oil & gas, renewable energy / solar photovoltaics, electronics / semiconductor, pharmaceuticals, and chemical processing. Dr. Ebnesajjad covers the history and applications of a wide variety of materials, including expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, polyvinyl fluoride, vinylidene fluoride polymers and fluoroelastomers, just to name a few. Properties and applications are illustrated by real-world examples as diverse as waterproof clothing, vascular grafts and coatings for aircraft interiors. The different applications of fluoropolymers show the benefits of a group of materials that are highly water-repellant and flame-retardant, with unrivalled lubrication properties and a high level of biocompatibility. Health and safety and environmental aspects are also covered throughout the book.

Key Features

  • Demystifies fluoropolymers for a broad audience of engineers in areas such as product design and manufacturing, as well as for non-engineers such as technical sales and management professionals
  • Explains the potential of fluoropolymers for a wide range of applications across sectors such as aerospace, energy and medical devices
  • Ideal for both recently qualified engineers and engineers with limited experience of fluoropolymers


Engineers, Scientists, Product Designers, Manufacturing, Technical Sales engaged in, or evaluating applications of Fluoropolymers, across sectors including: automotive, aerospace, medical devices, high performance apparel, oil & gas, renewable energy / solar photovoltaics, electronics / semiconductor, pharmaceuticals, chemical

Table of Contents

  • Series Page


    1. Fluorine, Fluorocarbons, and Fluoropolymers in Human Life: A Day with the Smiths


    2. Fluorine and Fluorocarbons

    2.1 Uniqueness of Fluorine

    2.2 Fluorine Characteristics


    3. Discovery and History of Fluoropolymers

    3.1 Coming of Age of Polymer Science

    3.2 Roy Plunkett’s Story

    3.3 Commercialization of PTFE

    3.4 What are Fluoropolymers?

    3.5 Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers

    3.6 Developmental History of Fluoropolymers

    3.7 Fluoropolymer Consumption and Use

    3.8 Examples of Uses of Fluoropolymers


    Further Reading

    4. History of Expanded PTFE and W.L. Gore and Associates

    4.1 Early History of W.L. Gore and Associates

    4.2 Discovery of Expanded PTFE

    4.3 Who Invented ePTFE?

    4.4 Other ePTFE Players


    5. Polyvinyl Fluoride: The First Durable Replacement for Paint

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Polyvinyl Fluoride


    6. Introduction to Fluoropolymers

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Fluoropolymer Classification

    6.3 Fluoropolymer Products

    6.4 Monomer Synthesis

    6.5 Monomer Properties

    6.6 Polymerization and Finishing

    6.7 Structure Property Relationship

    6.8 Polymer Properties

    6.9 Fabrication Techniques

    6.10 Applications

    6.11 Safety

    6.12 Ammonium Perfluorooctanoate (APFO, also C8)

    6.13 Economy

    6.14 Summary



    7. Manufacturing Polytetrafluoroethylene

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) Preparation

    7.3 Properties of Tetrafluoroethylene

    7.4 Polymerization of Tetrafluoroethylene

    7.5 Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers

    7.6 Polymerization Mechanism

    7.7 Suspension Polymerization of Tetrafluoroethylene

    7.8 Emulsion Polymerization of Tetrafluoroethylene

    7.9 Characterization of Polytetrafluoroethylene


    8. Fluorinated Additives

    8.1 Polymeric Fluorinated Additives

    8.2 Perfluoropolyether (PFPE) Additives

    8.3 PTFE Modified Waxes

    8.4 Fluorinated Graphite

    8.5 Fluorination


    9. Introduction to Vinylidene Fluoride Polymers

    9.1 Synthesis of Vinylidene Fluoride

    9.2 Preparation of Vinylidene Fluoride Polymers

    9.3 Characterization of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)

    9.4 Properties of Polyvinylidene Fluoride

    9.5 Processing Polyvinylidene Fluoride

    9.6 Applications


    Chapter 10. Fluoroelastomers

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Fluorocarbon Elastomers

    10.3 Fluorosilicone Elastomers

    10.4 Fluorinated Thermoplastic Elastomers

    10.5 Phosphazenes

    10.6 Safety, Hygiene, and Disposal

    10.7 New Developments and Current Trends

    Acronyms and Abbreviations

    Glossary of Terms



    11. Fluorinated Coatings: Technology, History, and Applications

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Fluoropolymers Used in Coatings

    11.3 Fluorocoating Compositions

    11.4 Application of Fluorocoatings

    11.5 Commercial Fluorocoating Producers

    11.6 A Historical Chronology of Fluoropolymer Finish Technology

    11.7 Food Contact

    11.8 Commercial Applications of Fluorocoatings

    11.9 Summary


    12. Fluorinated Ionomers: History, Properties, and Applications

    12.1 History

    12.2 Composition

    12.3 Properties


    13. Safety, Disposal, and Recycling of Fluoropolymers

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Toxicology of Fluoropolymers

    13.3 Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers

    13.4 Emission During Processing

    13.5 Safety Measures

    13.6 Food Contact and Medical Applications

    13.7 Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling

    13.8 Environmental Protection and Disposal Methods



Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2013
  • Published: May 11, 2013
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455775514
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455774425

About the Author

Sina Ebnesajjad

Sina Ebnesajjad
Sina Ebnesajjad is the series editor of Plastics Design Library (PDL) published in the William Andrew imprint of Elsevier. This Series is a unique series, comprising technology and applications handbooks, data books and practical guides tailored to the needs of practitioners. Sina was the editor-in-chief of William Andrew Publishing from 2005 to 2007, which was acquired by Elsevier in 2009.

He retired as a Senior Technology Associate in 2005 from the DuPont fluoropolymers after nearly 24 years of service. Sina founded of FluoroConsultants Group, LLC in 2006 where he continues to work. Sina earned his Bachelor of Science from the School of Engineering of the University of Tehran in 1976, Master of Science and PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, all in Chemical Engineering.

He is author, editor and co-author of fifteen technical and data books including five handbooks on fluoropolymers technology and applications. He is author and co-author of three books in surface preparation and adhesion of materials, two of which are in their second editions. Sina has been involved with technical writing and publishing since 1974.

His experiences include fluoropolymer technologies (polytetrafluoroethylene and its copolymers) including polymerization, finishing, fabrication, product development, failure analysis, market development and technical service. Sina holds six patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA

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