Introduction to Cyber-Warfare

1st Edition

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Authors: Paulo Shakarian Jana Shakarian Andrew Ruef
Paperback ISBN: 9780124078147
eBook ISBN: 9780124079267
Imprint: Syngress
Published Date: 4th June 2013
Page Count: 336
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Introduction to Cyber-Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Approach, written by experts on the front lines, gives you an insider's look into the world of cyber-warfare through the use of recent case studies. The book examines the issues related to cyber warfare not only from a computer science perspective but from military, sociological, and scientific perspectives as well. You'll learn how cyber-warfare has been performed in the past as well as why various actors rely on this new means of warfare and what steps can be taken to prevent it.

Key Features

  • Provides a multi-disciplinary approach to cyber-warfare, analyzing the information technology, military, policy, social, and scientific issues that are in play
  • Presents detailed case studies of cyber-attack including inter-state cyber-conflict (Russia-Estonia), cyber-attack as an element of an information operations strategy (Israel-Hezbollah,) and cyber-attack as a tool against dissidents within a state (Russia, Iran)
  • Explores cyber-attack conducted by large, powerful, non-state hacking organizations such as Anonymous and LulzSec
  • Covers cyber-attacks directed against infrastructure, such as water treatment plants and power-grids, with a detailed account of Stuxent


Information security professionals, system administrators. Security managers, security analysts. defense analysts, defense personnel, U.S Cybercom staff

Table of Contents






Chapter 1. Cyber Warfare: Here and Now

Information in this Chapter

What Is Cyber War?

Is Cyber War a Credible Threat?

Attribution, Deception, and Intelligence

Information Assurance


I: Cyber Attack

Part I Cyber Attack

Chapter 2. Political Cyber Attack Comes of Age in 2007

Information in this Chapter

Reliance on Information as a Vulnerability

Rudimentary but Effective: Denial of Service

Leaving Unwanted Messages: Web Site Defacement

Tools for Denial of Service

The Difficulty of Assigning Blame: Why Attribution Is Tough in a DDoS Attack

Estonia Is Hit by Cyber Attacks

General Response to DDoS


Suggested Further Reading


Chapter 3. How Cyber Attacks Augmented Russian Military Operations

Information in This Chapter

The 2008 Russian Cyber Campaign Against Georgia

What Is Interesting About the Russian Cyber Campaign

Preparing for a Cyber-Capable Adversary


Suggested Further Reading


Chapter 4. When Who Tells the Best Story Wins: Cyber and Information Operations in the Middle East

Information in this Chapter

Hijacking Noncombatant Civilian IP Addresses to Help the War Effort: The Israel-Hezbollah “July War” of 2006

Civilians in the Cyber Melee: Operation Cast Lead


Suggested Further Reading


Chapter 5. Limiting Free Speech on the Internet: Cyber Attack Against Internal Dissidents in Iran and Russia

Information in This Chapter

DDoS as a Censorship Tool: Why Dissident Groups Are Inherently Vulnerable to Cyber Attacks

Silencing Novaya Gazeta and Other Russian Dissidents

Iran—How the 2009 Elec


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About the Author

Paulo Shakarian

Paulo Shakarian, Ph.D. is a Major in the U.S. Army and an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at the U.S. Military Academy (West Point) teaching classes on computer science and information technology as wells as conducting research on cyber-security, social networks, and artificial intelligence. He has written over twenty papers published in scientific and military journals. Relating to cyber-warfare, he has written the paper “Stuxnet: Cyberwar Revolution in Military Affairs” published in Small Wars Journal and “The 2008 Russian Cyber-Campaign Against Georgia” published in Military Review. His scientific research has also been well received, featured in major news media such including The Economist and Nature. Previously, he has authored Geospatial Abduction: Principles and Practice published by Springer. Paulo holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in computer science from the University of Maryland, College Park, a B.S. in computer science from West Point, and a Depth of Study in Information Assurance also from West Point. Paulo has served two combat tours in Operation Iraqi Freedom. His military awards include the Bronze Star, Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal with Valor Device, and Combat Action Badge. Paulo’s website is:

Jana Shakarian

Jana Shakarian is a Research Fellow at the West Point Network Science Center conducting sociological research in support of various DoD-sponsored projects. Previously, Jana has worked as a research assistant at Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics at the University of Maryland where she extensively studied terrorist groups in south-east Asia in addition to other research initiatives at the intersection of social and computational science applied to military and security problems. She has written numerous papers in addition to co-authoring the book Computational Analysis of Terrorist Groups: Lashkar-e-Tabia, to be published by Springer in the near future. Jana holds an M.A. in cultural and social anthropology and sociology from the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz where her thesis was on “new war” theory. Jana’s website is:

Andrew Ruef

Andrew Ruef is a Senior Systems Engineer at the firm Trail of Bits (New York, NY) where he conducts information security analysis. Andrew has nearly a decade of industry experience in computer network security and software engineering, working on various projects including reverse-engineering of malware, analysis of computer network traffic for security purposes, system administration, and development of secure software products. Andrew has also written numerous white papers on information security and has spoken at various conferences such including a recent conference talk at the Dagstuhl computer research center in Germany. Currently, Andrew is working toward his B.S. in Computer Science at the University of Maryland, College Park. A sampling of some of Andrew’s technical work can be found here:


" excellent overview of the topic…It looks at the information security aspect of cyberwarfare, as well the military, sociological and other aspects…this book should indeed be read by everyone in Washington, as they are making decisions on the topic, without truly understanding it.", ,August 4 2014