Introduction to Crop Husbandry

Introduction to Crop Husbandry

(Including Grassland)

5th Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Authors: J. A. R. Lockhart, A. J. L. Wiseman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190563

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Introduction to Crop Husbandry, Fifth Edition presents major revisions, discussing more updated information on the science and practice of crop husbandry, including grassland, compared with those topics presented in the previous edition. This book aims to cater the need of students for a reference material that presents practical, simplified, and easily understandable studies on the subject. Specifically, this text discusses growth and development of plants, drainage and irrigation, types and management of soils, modern practices of growing and harvesting crops, and management of grassland. This introductory book also includes topics on conservation; usual life cycles of common pests and illnesses; and the developments in the use of chemicals as fertilizers and in the control of weeds, pests, and diseases. This text will be very invaluable to students of agriculture, crop husbandry, and related fields.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Chapter 1. Plants

    What They Are; What They Do; and How They Live—Photosynthesis, Transpiration, Osmosis

    Plant Groups—Annuals, Biennials, Perennials

    Seed Structure—Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons, Germination

    Plant Structure, Seed Formation

    What Plants Need; Plant Nutrients; The Nitrogen Cycle

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 2. Soils

    Topsoil, Subsoil, Soil Profile

    Soil Formation—Rocks, Weathering

    Composition of the Soil—mineral and Organic Matter, Water and Air in the Soil, Soil Micro-organisms, Earthworms

    Soil Texture and Structure

    Soil Fertility and Productivity

    Types of Soil—Clay, Sand, Loam, Calcareous, Silt and Organic Soils

    Soil Improvement—liming, Drainage, Irrigation, Warping, Claying

    Tillage and Cultivations—Seed-Beds, Implements, Pans, Soil Loosening, Soil Capping, Weed Control

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 3. Fertilizers and Manures

    Nutrients Removed by Crops—the Need for and Effects of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium; Race Elements

    Units of Plant Food—unit Values

    "Straight" and Compound Fertilizers; Plant Food Ratios

    Storage and Application of Fertilizers

    Organic Manures—farmyard Manure, Slurry, Cereal Straws, Leys, Green Manuring, Seaweed, Poultry Manure, Waste Products, e.g. Shoddy

    Residual Values of Manures and Fertilizers; Organic Farming

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 4. Cropping

    Climate and Weather and their Effects on Cropping

    Rotations, Continuous Cereals

    Cereals—wheat, Barley, Oats, Rye, Triticale and Maize

    Pulses—beans, Peas, Vetches, Lupins, Soya Beans

    Oil-seed Rape, Linseed and Flax; Sunflowers


    Sugar-beet, Mangels and Fodder Beet

    Turnips and Swedes

    Kale, Cabbage and Brussels Sprouts

    Carrots and Bulb Onions

    Vegetable Production and Seed Production

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 5. Grassland

    Classification of Grassland

    Plants Used in Leys—grasses, Legumes and Herbs

    Grass and Clover Identification

    Varieties and Strains of Grasses and Legumes; Herbs

    Herbage Digestibility

    Seeds Mixtures

    Establishment of Leys

    Management—manuring, Grazing Systems, Stocking Rates

    Pasture Renovation and Renewal

    Conservation—Haymaking, Ensilage, Green-crop Drying

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 6. Weeds

    Harmful Effects

    Spread of Weeds

    Assessing Weed Problems in the Field

    Control Methods

    Chemical Control—contact, Residual, Total, Translocated and Hormone Herbicides

    Weed Control in Cereals

    Weed Control in Potatoes, Roots and Kale

    Weed Control in Grassland

    Spraying with Herbicides

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading

    Chapter 7. Pests and Diseases of Farm Crops

    Structure of an Insect


    Methods of Pest Control, Including Use of Insecticides

    Control of the More Important Pests

    Other Pests—birds and Mammals

    Main Agencies of Disease—fungi, Viruses, Bacteria, Deficiency

    Control of the More Important Diseases

    Control of Plant Diseases, Including Use of Fungicides

    Suggestions for Classwork

    Further Reading


    1. World Crop Production

    2. Metrication

    3. Agricultural Land Classification in England and Wales

    4. Factors Affecting the Application (and Mixing) of Crop Protection Chemicals

    5. Latin Names for Crops

    6. Latin Names for Weeds

    7. Latin names for Diseases

    8. Latin names for Insect Pests

    9. Crop Seeds

    10. The Decimal Code for Growth Stages of all Small Grain Cereals

    11. The Gross Margin System of Analysis

    12. Estimating Crop Yields

    13. Farming and Wildlife Conservation

    14. The European Economic Community (EEC) or Common Market


Product details

  • No. of pages: 268
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190563

About the Authors

J. A. R. Lockhart

A. J. L. Wiseman

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, Gloucestershire, UK

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