Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation and Its Applications

Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation and Its Applications

1st Edition - February 22, 2022

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  • Authors: Sudip Paul, Angana Saikia, Vinayak Majhi, Vinay Kumar Pandey
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128219713
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128216743

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Description

Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation and Its Applications delivers a detailed overview of the various instruments used in the biomedical and healthcare domain, focusing on both their main features and their uses in the medical industry. Each chapter focuses on biomedical instrumentation in a different medical discipline, covering a range of different topics including radiological devices, instruments used for blood analysis, defibrillators, ventilators, nerve stimulators and baby incubators. This book seeks to provide the reader with in-depth knowledge on biomedical devices, thus enabling them to contribute to the future development of instruments in the healthcare domain. This is a concise handbook that will be useful to students, researchers and practitioners involved in biomedical engineering, as well as doctors and clinicians who specialize in areas such as cardiology, anesthesiology and physiotherapy.

Key Features

  • Provides detailed insights into a variety of biomedical instruments for use in different medical areas such as radiology, cardiology and physiotherapy
  • Considers the advantages, disadvantages and future developments of various biomedical instruments
  • Equips researchers with an understanding of the working principles of various instruments, thus preparing them for the future development and design of innovative devices in the health domain
  • Contains various mathematical derivations and numerical data that connect theory with the practical environment
  • Features a section on patient safety and infection control in relation to the use of biomedical instruments

Readership

Undergraduate and postgraduate students, professionals, and researchers in the fields of medical device instrumentation engineering, biomedical engineering, clinical engineering, medical electronics, electronics engineering, and biotechnology

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Overview of biomedical instrumentation
  • Measurand
  • Transducer
  • Signal conditioner
  • Display
  • Data storage and transmission
  • Chapter 2. Introduction to biosignals and bioelectrodes
  • Electrode–skin/tissue interface
  • Biomedical transducers
  • Biosignals and bioelectrodes
  • Holter monitor
  • Cardiac stress test
  • Nuclear stress test
  • Types of stress testing
  • Skin-resistance measurements
  • Patient monitoring systems
  • Chronic and post-acute-care management systems
  • Chapter 3. Transducers and amplifiers
  • Sensors
  • Transducers
  • Classification of sensors
  • Pressure sensor
  • Displacement sensors
  • Position sensors
  • Motion sensors
  • Humidity sensor
  • Moisture sensor
  • Amplifiers
  • Biological amplifier
  • Rectifiers
  • Power supply
  • Multivibrators
  • Wave-shaping circuits
  • Signal generator
  • Chapter 4. Radiological devices
  • The role of the radiographer
  • Equipment
  • Benefits of medical imaging
  • Risks of medical imaging
  • X-ray radiography
  • Gamma rays
  • Properties of X-ray
  • Interaction with matter
  • Production by electrons
  • Projectional radiographs
  • Computed tomography
  • Computed tomography contrast agent
  • Research opportunities for magnetic resonance imaging hardware
  • Construction of magnetic resonance imaging
  • T1 and T2
  • Diagnostic
  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Real-time magnetic resonance imaging
  • Interventional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound
  • Multinuclear imaging
  • Molecular imaging by magnetic resonance imaging
  • Safety
  • Overuse
  • Artifacts
  • Nonmedical use
  • Ultrasound
  • Cardiology
  • Urology
  • External ultrasound
  • Internal ultrasound
  • Ultrasound in anesthesiology
  • Oncology
  • Operation
  • Limitations
  • Lasers
  • Chapter 5. Analytical instruments
  • Introduction
  • High-performance liquid chromatography techniques
  • Injector
  • Gas chromatography
  • Sample injection
  • Carrier gas
  • Column oven
  • Detection system
  • Electronic capture detector
  • Chemiluminescence detector
  • DNA analysis techniques
  • Chapter 6. Cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators
  • Pulmonary loop
  • Systemic loop
  • Pacemaker pulses
  • False-pace pulse detection
  • Types of pacemakers
  • Pacemaker operating modes
  • Types of pacing
  • Functional advancements
  • Pacemaker insertion
  • Periodic pacemaker checkup
  • Complications of pacemaker use
  • Procedures before pacemaker insertion
  • Precautions for cardiac pacemaker use
  • Pacemaker indications
  • Pacemaker troubleshooting
  • Pacemaker operating modes
  • Defibrillation
  • Chapter 7. Ventilators and anesthesia systems
  • Introduction
  • Breathing circuit
  • Circle system components
  • Scavenger system
  • New technologies
  • Generators
  • Ventilator adjuncts
  • p-Based ventilator
  • Anesthesia
  • Chapter 8. Physiotherapy equipment
  • What is physiotherapy?
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Peripheral nerve stimulation
  • Ultrasonic stimulation
  • Stimulators for pain relief
  • Diathermy
  • Electrotherapy
  • Side effects of electrotherapy
  • Chapter 9. Therapeutic equipment
  • Therapeutic purposes
  • Products with a therapeutic purpose
  • Diagnosing or monitoring disease
  • Preventing conception
  • Replacing or modifying parts of the human anatomy
  • Influencing, inhibiting, or modifying physiological processes
  • Preventive medicine
  • Design of a therapeutic regimen
  • Lithotripsy
  • Kidney stones
  • Urinary organs and their functions
  • Risks during procedures
  • Electrohydraulic lithotripsy
  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  • Hemodialysis machine
  • Heart-lung machine
  • Automated drug delivery system
  • Areas for future research in drug delivery systems
  • Biocompatibility of materials
  • Laparoscopy
  • Chapter 10. Patient safety
  • Background and introduction
  • Perceptions of patient safety
  • Medical errors and adverse events
  • Communication and patient safety
  • Patient safety culture in primary care
  • Principles of clinical risk management
  • Patient safety issues
  • Human factors
  • Patient care policies
  • Threats to patient safety
  • Reprocessing issues
  • Assessment of patient safety
  • Do's and don'ts of testing
  • Safety measures for diagnostic instruments
  • Health policies
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 492
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: February 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128219713
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128216743

About the Authors

Sudip Paul

Dr Sudip Paul completed his B.Tech and M.Tech degree in biomedical engineering. He received his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, with specialization in electrophysiology and brain signal analysis. He received first prize of the Sushruta Innovation Award in 2011, sponsored by the Indian government’s Department of Science and Technology. He also organized many workshops and conferences, including the 29th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neurochemistry in India. He worked as a postdoc fellow at Biotechnology Overseas Associateship for the Scientists in North Eastern States of India, supported by Department of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, from 2017-18. Dr. Sudip has published over 70 international journal and conference papers and completed one patent. He also wrote two books published by LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, and published three book chapters in different international publishers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Technology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India

Angana Saikia

Angana Saikia is a research associate in the Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India. She is also pursuing a research degree in biomedical engineering. She previously worked as a Senior Research Fellow (SRF) at the Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University. She completed her B.E in applied electronics and instrumentation from Gauhati University, Assam, India and her M-Tech in bioelectronics from Tezpur Central University, Assam, India. She has published 5 international journal papers and 3 book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Associate, Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India

Vinayak Majhi

Vinayak Majhi is currently working as a junior research fellow in the Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India and is pursuing research degree in biomedical engineering. He completed his M.Tech in computer science and engineering from Calcutta University, Kolkata, India. He has published 3 journal papers and book chapters in international platforms.

Affiliations and Expertise

Junior Research Fellow, Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India

Vinay Kumar Pandey

Vinay Kumar Pandey is CSIR-Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India. He is also pursuing his research degree in biomedical engineering. He completed his master’s degree in VLSI design at North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Nirjuli, India. He published a book on cranial nerves and oral motor disorder in infants and adults with Copal Publication, India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Researcher Fellow, Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India

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