Introduction to Applied Optics for Engineers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121600501, 9780323157322

Introduction to Applied Optics for Engineers

1st Edition

Authors: F. Paul Carlson
eBook ISBN: 9780323157322
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 292
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT (GST)
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
43.99
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
35.19
35.19
72.95
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
58.36
58.36
54.95
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
43.96
43.96
Unavailable
Price includes VAT (GST)
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Description

Introduction to Applied Optics for Engineers introduces the reader to applied optics and presents ideas on coherent optical data processing. Topics covered include applications and approximations for radiation fields; physical realizations of phase transformers, lenses, and systems; applications of optical filtering to data processing; and partial coherence. Several examples from bioengineering-related research are provided. This book is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with an introduction to the basic equations of physical optics that are derived using the wave treatment approach, resulting in the simpler geometrical (ray) optics approximation. The differential form of Maxwell's equations is considered, along with propagation in free space and Fermat's principle. The following chapters explore applications and approximations for radiation fields, with emphasis on Fraunhofer fields, circular and multiple apertures, and phase effects in apertures; physical realizations of phase transformers, lenses, and spherical and parabolic surfaces; and system transform concepts including Fourier transform representation of fields and calculation techniques for imaging through a lens. The remaining chapters focus on interface devices, interferometry, holography, and scattering. This monograph is intended for students and engineers with a traditional background in electromagnetic wave theory.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter I An Introduction to Physical Optics

Introduction

Propagation in Free Space

Plane-Wave Propagation

Geometrical Optics

Fermat's Principle

Integral Relation for the Field

Problems

Chapter II Applications and Approximations for Radiation Fields

Introduction

Illustration of Fraunhofer Fields

Circular Aperture

Multiple Apertures—Array and Aperture Factors

Phase Effects in Apertures—Wedge

Fresnel Approximation

Problems

Chapter III Physical Realizations of Phase Transformers, Lenses, and Systems

Conceptual Lens

Spherical Surfaces

Parabolic Surfaces

Systems of Lenses

Fourier Transform

Problems

Chapter IV System Transform Concepts and Notation

Fourier Transform Representation of Fields

Transform of the Wave Equation

Propagation as a Transfer Function

General Transform Relationships of Propagation

Operational Techniques

A Canonical Function

Calculation Techniques for Imaging through a Lens

Imaging Condition

Fourier-Transform Condition

Fourier Transform Using the Back Plane of the Lens

Cascaded Systems and System Operations

Multichannel One-Dimensional Systems

Bandlimiting Nature of Physical Systems

Problems

Chapter V Applications of Optical Filtering to Data Processing

Introduction

Band-Pass Filters

Tiger-in-the-Cage

Edge Sharpening-Contrast Improvement

Continuously Varying Masks

Complex Filters

Heterodyning

Matched Filters

Weiner-Kolmogorov Estimation Filter

An Application of Weiner-Kolmogorov Filtering

Synthetic Aperture Radar

Problems

Chapter VI Interface Devices

Photographic Recording

Resolution

Mathematical Model for Photographic Material

Coherent Transmission Functions

Synthesis of Quotients of Transmission Functions

Modulation Transfer Function

Television

Photodiodes

Photomultipliers

Real-Time Materials

Real-Time Materials Applied to Integrated Optics

Problems

Chapter VII Interferometry

Introduction

Young's Interferometer

Rayleigh Interferometer

Michelson Stellar Interferometer

Michelson Interferometer

Twyman-Green Interferometer

Mach-Zehnder Interferometer

Fizeau Interferometer

Newton Interferometer

Multiple-Beam Interferometer

Fabry-Perot Interferometer

Fox and Li Analysis

Analytical Solution, Boyd-Gordon Approach

Stability of Modes

Stability Conditions

Diffraction Losses

Cavity Q

Problems

Chapter VIII Holography

Introduction

Generation of Phase Information

Formation of the Interferogram

Arbitrary Gammas

Reconstruction of the Object Wave

Fresnel and Fraunhofer Holograms

Wave-Front and Amplitude Holograms

Fourier-Transform Holograms

Characteristics of the Reconstructed Image

Contrast Ratio and Large Dynamic Range

Bandwidth Requirements for Separation

Storage of Multiple Images

Reduction in Resolution Requirements through Redundancy

Holographic Interferometry

Contour Generation

Contour Generation—Immersion Method

Differential Holograms—Strain Measurement

Differential Holograms—Vibrational Analysis

Volume Effects—Bragg Angle

Use of a Hologram as a Complex Filter Element

Holographic Lens

Aberration Correction

Use of a Hologram as a Generalized Processor Element

Problems

Chapter IX Partial Coherence

Introduction

Fringes and Monochromaticity

Fringes and Phase Perturbations

Visibility

Mutual Coherence Function

Complex Degree of Coherence

Measurement of the Degree of Coherence

Separation of Spatial and Temporal Effects

Propagation of Intensities

Propagation of the Mutual Coherence Function

The Van Cittert-Zernike Theorem

Degree of Coherence and the Source Power Spectral Density

Imaging with Partially Coherent Light

Fourier Transforms with Partially Coherent Light

Hanbury Brown and Twiss Experiment

Summary

Problems

Chapter X Scattering

Introduction

Blue Sky

Red Sunset

Polarization of Skylight

The Rainbow

Scattering by a Dielectric Sphere

Absorption Effects

Mie-Debye Scattering Theory—Spherical Particles

Mie-Debye Cross Sections and Efficiency Factors

The Correspondence between Mie and Rayleigh Scattering

Scattering in Random Media

Multiple Scattering in a System of Random Discrete Scatterers

Summary

Problems

References

Index






Details

No. of pages:
292
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323157322

About the Author

F. Paul Carlson