Introduction to Animal Physiology and Physiological Genetics, deals with topics on physiological measurement, comparisons, and analysis of the role of genotypes. This book emphasizes two aspects — the changes of physiological patterns in the course of development and the wide variation that can be found within a species. The text discusses the response mechanisms of living organisms from nerve impulses, chemical sense, muscle reaction, and includes some studies made on brain function. The effects of nutrition and energy such as the intake of food, water, oxygen, and the calculation of basic metabolic rates are explained. The book then discusses the role of the internal environment and that of the interstitial body fluid in the higher animals. The discussion covers blood circulation, cardiac cycle, and a special section on the function of the heartbeat in the spider Limulus showing that stimulation of the abdominal ganglia increases the heartbeats. The text also considers significant concepts of physiological genetics, and then explains asexual and sexual reproduction, the sex hormones of invertebrates, and the use of stimulants for animal production. The physiological differences between species are examined, but more particularly on the reservoir of genetic diversity, where differences abound between families and offspring. One research made in molecular biology concludes that genes are responsible for regulating the amino acid sequence of proteins. Molecular biologists, general biologists, zoologists, and microbiologists will find the articles in this collection invaluable.
Table of Contents
Preface Part I Response Mechanisms 1. Simple Types of Response 2. The Conduction of Nerve Impulses 3. Humoral Transmission of Nerve Impulses 4. Muscle 5. Chemical Sense 6. Cutaneous and Muscle Receptors 7. Gravity Receptors 8. Hearing 9. Light Perception and Vision 10. Nerve-Nets and Reflex Arcs 11.Innate and Acquired Patterns 12. Some Approaches to the Study of Brain Function Appendix. List of Spinal Tracts. Nerve Components Part II Nutrition and Energy-Yielding Processes 13. Intake of Materials. Feeding and Breathing 14. Uptake of Oxygen. Excretion of Carbon 15. Non-Symbiotic Digestion 16. Symbiotic Digestion in Invertebrates 17. Symbiotic Digestion in the Ruminant 18. Absorption of Nutrients 19. Utilization of Absorbed Nutrients 20. Intracellular Oxidations 21. Energy from Nutrients 22. Energy Value of Feeds 23. Basal Metabolism Part III Regulation of the Internal Environment 24. Internal Environment. Interstitial Body Fluid in Mammals 25. Circulation 26. Blood Cells 27. Osmoregulation and Kidney Functions 28. Nitrogenous Waste Products and Detoxication 29. Regulation of pH 30. Glucose Content of Blood 31. Temperature Regulation 32. The Suprarenal Glands. General Remarks on Hormones 33. Parasitism: Metabolic Adaptations 34. Parasitism: Host-Parasite Interactions Part IV Reproduction 35. Asexual and Sexual Reproduction 36. Sex Hormones in Invertebrates 37. Reproductive Functions in Mammals and Birds 38. Production of Nutrients for the Offspring 39. Lactation 40. Hormonal Regulation of Growth in Vertebrates Part V The Principles of Physiological Genetics The Scope of Physiological Genetics 41. Sex Determination 42. Hereditary Metabolic Blocks. Detection of Heterozygotes 43· The Analysis of Hemoglobin Variation: Physiology 44. The analysis of Hemoglobin Variation: Gene Action 45· Serum Protein Polymorphism 46. Isozymes 47. Milk Yield. Polygenic Characters Questions Further Reading Index Other Titles in the Zoology Division