Introduction to Animal Physiology and Physiological Genetics

Introduction to Animal Physiology and Physiological Genetics

International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Author: E. M. Pantelouris
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149202

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Introduction to Animal Physiology and Physiological Genetics, deals with topics on physiological measurement, comparisons, and analysis of the role of genotypes. This book emphasizes two aspects — the changes of physiological patterns in the course of development and the wide variation that can be found within a species. The text discusses the response mechanisms of living organisms from nerve impulses, chemical sense, muscle reaction, and includes some studies made on brain function. The effects of nutrition and energy such as the intake of food, water, oxygen, and the calculation of basic metabolic rates are explained. The book then discusses the role of the internal environment and that of the interstitial body fluid in the higher animals. The discussion covers blood circulation, cardiac cycle, and a special section on the function of the heartbeat in the spider Limulus showing that stimulation of the abdominal ganglia increases the heartbeats. The text also considers significant concepts of physiological genetics, and then explains asexual and sexual reproduction, the sex hormones of invertebrates, and the use of stimulants for animal production. The physiological differences between species are examined, but more particularly on the reservoir of genetic diversity, where differences abound between families and offspring. One research made in molecular biology concludes that genes are responsible for regulating the amino acid sequence of proteins. Molecular biologists, general biologists, zoologists, and microbiologists will find the articles in this collection invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Part I Response Mechanisms

    1. Simple Types of Response

    2. The Conduction of Nerve Impulses

    3. Humoral Transmission of Nerve Impulses

    4. Muscle

    5. Chemical Sense

    6. Cutaneous and Muscle Receptors

    7. Gravity Receptors

    8. Hearing

    9. Light Perception and Vision

    10. Nerve-Nets and Reflex Arcs

    11.Innate and Acquired Patterns

    12. Some Approaches to the Study of Brain Function

    Appendix. List of Spinal Tracts. Nerve Components

    Part II Nutrition and Energy-Yielding Processes

    13. Intake of Materials. Feeding and Breathing

    14. Uptake of Oxygen. Excretion of Carbon

    15. Non-Symbiotic Digestion

    16. Symbiotic Digestion in Invertebrates

    17. Symbiotic Digestion in the Ruminant

    18. Absorption of Nutrients

    19. Utilization of Absorbed Nutrients

    20. Intracellular Oxidations

    21. Energy from Nutrients

    22. Energy Value of Feeds

    23. Basal Metabolism

    Part III Regulation of the Internal Environment

    24. Internal Environment. Interstitial Body Fluid in Mammals

    25. Circulation

    26. Blood Cells

    27. Osmoregulation and Kidney Functions

    28. Nitrogenous Waste Products and Detoxication

    29. Regulation of pH

    30. Glucose Content of Blood

    31. Temperature Regulation

    32. The Suprarenal Glands. General Remarks on Hormones

    33. Parasitism: Metabolic Adaptations

    34. Parasitism: Host-Parasite Interactions

    Part IV Reproduction

    35. Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

    36. Sex Hormones in Invertebrates

    37. Reproductive Functions in Mammals and Birds

    38. Production of Nutrients for the Offspring

    39. Lactation

    40. Hormonal Regulation of Growth in Vertebrates

    Part V The Principles of Physiological Genetics

    The Scope of Physiological Genetics

    41. Sex Determination

    42. Hereditary Metabolic Blocks. Detection of Heterozygotes

    43· The Analysis of Hemoglobin Variation: Physiology

    44. The analysis of Hemoglobin Variation: Gene Action

    45· Serum Protein Polymorphism

    46. Isozymes

    47. Milk Yield. Polygenic Characters


    Further Reading


    Other Titles in the Zoology Division

Product details

  • No. of pages: 508
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149202

About the Author

E. M. Pantelouris

About the Editor

G. A. Kerkut

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