Introduction to Aerospace Materials

Introduction to Aerospace Materials

1st Edition - May 23, 2012

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  • Author: Adrian Mouritz
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781855739468
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095152

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Description

The structural materials used in airframe and propulsion systems influence the cost, performance and safety of aircraft, and an understanding of the wide range of materials used and the issues surrounding them is essential for the student of aerospace engineering.Introduction to aerospace materials reviews the main structural and engine materials used in aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft in terms of their production, properties, performance and applications.The first three chapters of the book introduce the reader to the range of aerospace materials, focusing on recent developments and requirements. Following these introductory chapters, the book moves on to discuss the properties and production of metals for aerospace structures, including chapters covering strengthening of metal alloys, mechanical testing, and casting, processing and machining of aerospace metals. The next ten chapters look in depth at individual metals including aluminium, titanium, magnesium, steel and superalloys, as well as the properties and processing of polymers, composites and wood. Chapters on performance issues such as fracture, fatigue and corrosion precede a chapter focusing on inspection and structural health monitoring of aerospace materials. Disposal/recycling and materials selection are covered in the final two chapters.With its comprehensive coverage of the main issues surrounding structural aerospace materials,Introduction to aerospace materials is essential reading for undergraduate students studying aerospace and aeronautical engineering. It will also be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and practising aerospace engineers.

Key Features

  • Reviews the main structural and engine materials used in aircraft, helicopters and space craft in terms of their properties, performance and applications
  • Introduces the reader to the range of aerospace materials, focusing on recent developments and requirements, and discusses the properties and production of metals for aerospace structures
  • Chapters look in depth at individual metals including aluminium, titanium, magnesium, steel and superalloys

Readership

Postgraduate students and practicing aerospace engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1: Introduction to aerospace materials

    1.1 The importance of aerospace materials

    1.2 Understanding aerospace materials

    1.3 Introducing the main types of aerospace materials

    1.4 What makes for a good aerospace material?

    1.5 Summary

    Chapter 2: Aerospace materials: past, present and future

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Brief history of aerospace materials

    2.3 Materials for the global aerospace industry

    2.4 Future advances in aerospace materials

    2.5 Summary

    Chapter 3: Materials and material requirements for aerospace structures and engines

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Fixed-wing aircraft structures

    3.3 Helicopter structures

    3.4 Space shuttle structures

    3.5 Summary

    Chapter 4: Strengthening of metal alloys

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Crystal structure of metals

    4.3 Defects in crystal structures

    4.4 Strengthening of metals

    4.5 Summary

    4.6 Terminology

    Chapter 5: Mechanical and durability testing of aerospace materials

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Tension test

    5.3 Compression test

    5.4 Flexure test

    5.5 Hardness test

    5.6 Fracture test

    5.7 Drop-weight impact test

    5.8 Fatigue test

    5.9 Creep test

    5.10 Environmental durability testing

    5.11 Certification of aerospace materials

    5.12 Summary

    5.13 Terminology

    Chapter 6: Production and casting of aerospace metals

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Production of metal alloys

    6.3 Casting of metal alloys

    6.4 Casting processes

    6.5 Summary

    6.6 Terminology

    6.8 Case study: casting defects causing engine disc failure in United Airlines flight 232

    Chapter 7: Processing and machining of aerospace metals

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Metal-forming processes

    7.3 Hot and cold working of metal products

    7.4 Powder metallurgy for production of aerospace superalloys

    7.5 Machining of metals

    7.6 Summary

    7.7 Terminology

    Chapter 8: Aluminium alloys for aircraft structures

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Aluminium alloy types

    8.3 Non-age-hardenable aluminium alloys

    8.4 Age-hardenable aluminium alloys

    8.5 Speciality aluminium alloys

    8.6 Heat treatment of age-hardenable aluminium alloys

    8.7 High-temperature strength of aluminium

    8.8 Summary

    Chapter 9: Titanium alloys for aerospace structures and engines

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Titanium alloys: advantages and disadvantages for aerospace applications

    9.3 Types of titanium alloy

    9.4 Titanium aluminides

    9.5 Shape-memory titanium alloys

    9.6 Summary

    9.7 Terminology

    Chapter 10: Magnesium alloys for aerospace structures

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Metallurgy of magnesium alloys

    10.3 Summary

    Chapter 11: Steels for aircraft structures

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Basic principles of steel metallurgy

    11.3 Maraging steel

    11.4 Medium-carbon low-alloy steel

    11.5 Stainless steel

    11.6 Summary

    11.7 Terminology

    Chapter 12: Superalloys for gas turbine engines

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 A simple guide to jet engine technology

    12.3 Nickel-based superalloys

    12.4 Iron–nickel superalloys

    12.5 Cobalt superalloys

    12.6 Thermal barrier coatings for jet engine alloys

    12.7 Advanced materials for jet engines

    12.8 Summary

    Chapter 13: Polymers for aerospace structures

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Aerospace applications of polymers

    13.3 Advantages and disadvantages of polymers for aerospace applications

    13.4 Polymerisation

    13.5 Thermosetting polymers

    13.6 Thermoplastics

    13.7 Elastomers

    13.8 Structural adhesives

    13.9 Mechanical properties of polymers

    13.10 Polymer additives

    13.11 Polymers for radar-absorbing materials (RAMs)

    13.12 Summary

    13.13 Terminology

    13.15 Case study: space shuttle Challenger accident

    Chapter 14: Manufacturing of fibre–polymer composite materials

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Fibre reinforcements for composites

    14.3 Production of prepregs and fabrics

    14.4 Core materials for sandwich composites

    14.5 Composites manufacturing using prepreg

    14.6 Composites manufacturing by resin infusion

    14.7 Machining of composites

    14.8 Summary

    14.9 Terminology

    14.11 Case study: carbon nanotubes in composites

    Chapter 15: Fibre–polymer composites for aerospace structures and engines

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Types of composite materials

    15.3 Aerospace applications of fibre–polymer composites

    15.4 Advantages and disadvantages of using fibre-polymer composites

    15.5 Mechanics of continuous-fibre composites

    15.6 Sandwich composites

    15.7 Environmental durability of composites

    15.8 Summary

    15.9 Terminology

    Chapter 16: Metal matrix, fibre–metal and ceramic matrix composites for aerospace applications

    16.1 Metal matrix composites

    16.2 Fibre–metal laminates

    16.3 Ceramic matrix composites

    16.4 Summary

    16.5 Terminology

    16.7 Case study: ceramic matrix composites in the space shuttle orbiter

    Chapter 17: Wood in small aircraft construction

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Advantages and disadvantages of wood

    17.3 Hardwoods and softwoods

    17.4 Structure and composition of wood

    17.5 Engineering properties of wood

    17.6 Summary

    17.7 Terminology

    17.9 Case study: Spruce Goose (Hughes H-4 Hercules)

    Chapter 18: Fracture processes of aerospace materials

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Fracture processes of aerospace materials

    18.3 Stress concentration effects in materials

    18.4 Fracture mechanics

    18.5 Application of fracture mechanics to aerospace materials

    18.6 Summary

    18.7 Terminology

    18.9 Case study fracture in the space shuttle Columbia disaster

    18.10 Case study: fracture of aircraft composite radome

    Chapter 19: Fracture toughness properties of aerospace materials

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Fracture toughness properties

    19.3 Ductile/brittle fracture transition for metals

    19.4 Improving the fracture toughness of aerospace materials

    19.5 Summary

    19.6 Terminology

    Chapter 20: Fatigue of aerospace materials

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Fatigue stress

    20.3 Fatigue life (S–N) curves

    20.4 Fatigue-crack growth curves

    20.5 Fatigue of metals

    20.6 Fatigue of fibre–polymer composites

    20.7 Fretting, acoustic and thermal fatigue

    20.8 Summary

    20.9 Terminology

    Chapter 21: Corrosion of aerospace metals

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Corrosion process

    21.3 Types of corrosion

    21.4 Corrosion protection of metals

    21.5 Summary

    21.6 Terminology

    21.8 Case study: corrosion in the Aloha Airlines flight 243

    Chapter 22: Creep of aerospace materials

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Creep behaviour of materials

    22.3 Creep of metals

    22.4 Creep of polymers and polymer composites

    22.5 Creep-resistant materials

    22.6 Summary

    22.7 Terminology

    Chapter 23: Nondestructive inspection and structural health monitoring of aerospace materials

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Nondestructive inspection methods

    23.3 Structural health monitoring (SHM)

    23.4 Summary

    23.5 Terminology

    Chapter 24: Disposal and recycling of aerospace materials

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Metal recycling

    24.3 Composite recycling

    24.4 Summary

    Chapter 25: Materials selection for aerospace

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Materials selection in design

    25.3 Stages of materials selection

    25.4 Materials property charts

    25.5 Structural properties in materials selection

    25.6 Economic and business considerations in materials selection

    25.7 Manufacturing considerations in materials selection

    25.8 Durability considerations in materials selection

    25.9 Environmental considerations in materials selection

    25.10 Specialist properties in materials selection

    25.11 Summary

    25.12 Terminology

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 640
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: May 23, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781855739468
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095152

About the Author

Adrian Mouritz

Adrian P. Mouritz is Professor of Aerospace Materials at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia

Ratings and Reviews

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  • MirsadVejsili Sat Dec 28 2019

    Good enough

    General treatment of materials used in Aeronautics. No deep analysis.