Interpretation of Metallographic Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125982559, 9780323139410

Interpretation of Metallographic Structures

1st Edition

Authors: William Rostoker James Dvorak
eBook ISBN: 9780323139410
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1990
Page Count: 282
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Interpretation of Metallographic Structures, Third Edition, is concerned with metallography as a metallurgical tool. It is an organized presentation of specimen microstructures, each chosen for its clarity of illustration and each or in groups forming the pretext for discussions of the interrelation between physical metallurgy and metallography. The focus is on structures characteristic in a physical metallurgy sense, with the purpose of demonstrating that logical framework of interpretation can supplant mental storage of infinite variations. The book contains seven chapters and begins with a discussion of polycrystalline structures. This is followed by separate chapters on the metallography of fracture; crystallization processes including dendritic crystallization, peritectic crystallization, and metastable crystallization; solid state transformations; diffusion and transport processes; procedures for measuring metallographic features; and energy dispersive spectography. This book is directed toward the senior student as a preview of the scope of his subject and to the practicing metallurgist as a reintroduction.

Table of Contents

Preface to Third Edition

Preface to Second Edition

Preface to First Edition


Chapter I Polycrystalline Structures

Equiaxed, Single Phase, Polycrystalline Grain Structure

Subgrain Boundaries

Metallography of Cold Working

Recrystallization and Grain Growth

Metallography of Hot Working


Chapter II Metallography of Fracture

Crack Nucleation

Stress-Corrosion and Other Environmentally Induced Cracking

Fatigue Cracking

Toughness Indications

Creep Rupture

Chapter III Crystallization

Dendritic Crystallization

Eutectic Crystallization

Peritectic Crystallization

Liquid Immiscibility

Metastable Crystallization

Coring in Cast Structures

Incipient Melting

Columnar Cast Grain Structure

Grain Size in Cast Structures

Porosity in the Cast Structure

Crystallization from Nonmetallic Media

Chapter IV Solid State Transformations

Precipitation from Solid Solution

The Eutectoid Transformation

The Peritectoid Transformation

Martensitic Transformation

Chapter V Diffusion and Transport Processes


Intermetallic Diffusion

Liquid Metal Penetration

Gas-Metal Reactions


Chapter VI Quantitative Metallography

Kinds of Measurements

Measurement of Grain Size

Other Geometric Properties of Grains

Measurement of Particle Sizes

Size and Distribution of Spherical Particles

Size and Distribution of Thin, Circular Plate-shaped Particles

Size and Distribution of Long, Thin Rod-shaped Particles

Size and Distribution of Ellipsoidal Particles

Mean Free Path between Particles

Particle Size Distribution Functions

Measurement of Dihedral Angles

Accuracy in Quantitative Analysis


Chapter VII Energy Dispersive Spectrography (EDS)



Phase Identification

Composition Gradients

Partition of Alloying Elements

Segregation at Interfaces

Nonmetallic Inclusions

Corrosion Conditions


Appendix Supplementary Reading Recommendations



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© Academic Press 1990
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

William Rostoker

Affiliations and Expertise

Rostoker, Inc.

James Dvorak

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