Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
Part One International Tourism: The Global Environment
1 Globalization, tourism and culture
1.1 The concept and roots of globalization
1.2 Benefits and criticism of globalization
1.3 Globalization and the tourism industry
1.3.1 The influence of globalization on tourism
1.3.2 Forms and examples of globalization in tourism
1.3.3 A new type of tourist
1.3.4 A new type of tourism
1.4 Globalization and culture
1.4.1 The emergence of globalized consumer culture?
1.4.2 Global consumer and global products?
1.4.3 Disappearance of local cultures?
1.4.4 Cultural homogenization?
1.4.5 Product standardization or customization?
1.4.6 Cultural heterogenization?
1.4.7 Cultural convergence or divergence?
1.4.8 Cultural hybridization?
1.4.9 Cultural commoditization?
1.4.10 Cultural deterioration, loss, adaptation or change?
1.4.11 Consumerism a bad thing for tourism?
1.4.12 Globalization and disappearance of local identity?
1.4.13 Resistance to cultural change and emergence of local identity
1.4.15 Local internationalization and regional cooperation
1.5 Benefits and limitations of globalization in tourism
1.6 Challenges of globalization in tourism
1.7 The future of globalization: Americanization of culture, cosmopolitan culture, cultural hybridization, cultural disappearance or cult