Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080247717, 9781483148595

Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Third European Conference University of Manchester, England, 18-20 July 1980

Editors: C. C. Smith
eBook ISBN: 9781483148595
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 430
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Description

Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids contains the proceedings of the Third European Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids, held at the University of Manchester in England on July 18-20, 1980. The papers explore the principles of internal friction and ultrasonic attenuation in solids such as pure metals and their alloys, ceramics, glasses, and polymers. Structural features such as point defects, dislocations, interfaces, and second phases in solids are discussed, together with the processes by which these features contribute to energy dissipation. Topics covered range from point defect interactions to the establishment of high damping capacity materials for absorption of noise and vibration.

This book is comprised of 65 chapters and begins with a brief review of the internal friction peaks observed in face-centered cubic, body-centered cubic, and hexagonal metals due to dislocation relaxation processes. Subsequent chapters focus on the internal friction of cold-worked single crystals of high-purity copper; evidence of Peierls Nabarro stress from microdeformation and attenuation experiments; effects of cyclic deformation and irradiation at low temperature on the internal friction of pure aluminum; and internal friction of high-purity magnesium after plastic deformation. The peaking effect in copper and silver is also analyzed, along with Zener relaxation and dislocation damping. The final chapter is devoted to anelastic behavior of ice at low temperature due to quenched point defects. This monograph will be a valuable resource for metallurgists, physicists, and mechanical engineers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Dislocation Damping

Dislocation Relaxation Peaks

The Bordoni Peak in Copper Single Crystals at Kilohertz Frequencies

Evidence of Peierls Nabarro Stress by Mierodeformation and Attenuation Experiments

Dislocation Internal Friction Peaks in B.C.C. Metals

The α-Maximum in Ta Investigated in the 1 Hz Frequency Range

Study of Observation Conditions for α and γ Relaxation in Niobium

Oscillation Amplitude Dependence of Internal Friction Peaks α, γ, ßα and ßγ in Iron

The α and ß1 Peaks in Deformed and/or Irradiated Pure Iron

Dislocation Relaxation Peaks in Pure and Doped Iron

An Analysis of the a Peak in Biobium and Vanadium by means of the Schoek Theory

Study of Dislocation Mobility by Coupling of Low and High Frequency Applied Stresses

Effects of Cyclic Deformation and Irradiation at Low Temperature on the Internal Friction of Pure Aluminum

Modulus Effect and Internal Friction in Cold Worked Copper and some Copper Based Solid Solutions

Influence of the Sample Pre-Treatment upon the Cold-Work Effects of Internal Friction in Copper

Internal Friction of High Purity Magnesium after Plastic Deformation

Internal Friction in Zr after Deformation

Characterization of the Peaking Effect in Copper and Silver

A New Model for the "Peaking Effect"

Interpretation of the "Peaking Effect"

A Model of the Internal Friction Observed in Crystalline Solids in the Pre-Plastic Region at Low Frequencies

Zener Relaxation

The Zener Relaxation: A Convenient Tool to Study Vacancy Sources and Sinks in a Metal Lattice

The Production Rate of Point Defects by Irradiation: A Comparative Study in an Ag-24 wt. % Zn alloy, for γ-rays, Fast Electrons and Reactor Neutrons

The Migration Properties of Self-Interstitials in Concentrated α-AgZn Solid Solutions

Stress-Induced and Short Range Ordering: A Dual Approach to Vacancy Properties. Application to a Cu-30 wt. % Zn Alloy

The Zener Relaxation in Ternary Cu-Ni-Zn Alloys

Dislocation Damping 2

Low-Frequency "Amplitude Peaks" in the Internal Friction Associated with the Interaction of Substitutional Solute Atoms with Dislocations in Aluminum Alloys

New Study of Interactions between Dislocations and Solute Atoms in Aluminum through Ultrasonic Attenuation Change Induced by Bias Stress

Internal Friction and Dislocation-Solute Interactions in Titanium

Influence of Doping and Deformation on the Internal Friction of Electron Irradiated Iron

Amplitude Dependent Internal Friction and Modulus Effect in Copper Single Crystals

Determination of Threshold Energies by Dislocation Pinning Experiments in Copper and Silver

Some Effects of Electron Irradiation on the Internal Friction of High Purity Molybdenum

Relaxation Phenomena Connected with the Stage III in Irradiated Iron

Transient Increase of the Magneto Mechanical Damping Induced by Structural Defects in Iron

Influence of d.c. Magnetic Field over Magneto Mechanical Damping of High Purity Iron

Different Mechanisms of Anelastic and Ferromagnetic Relaxation Due to Defects in Neutron Irradiated Iron

Hydrogen-Dislocation Interaction and Hydrogen-Reordering Processes in Palladium/Platinum Alloys

Polymers

Dynamics of Polymer Networks at High Ultrasonic Frequencies

Study of the Glass Transition on Polymers by Isothermal Internal Friction Measurements

A Spectroscopic Method for Measurement of the Ultrasonic Properties of Polymers - Method and Limitations

The Evaluation of Molecular Size Distribution Parameters for Linear Chain Polymers by means of Relaxation Experiments

Phase Transformations, Interfaces, High Temperature Damping

Effect of the Measurement Amplitude on the Internal Friction in NiTi and NiTiCu Alloys during the Martensitic Transformation

Internal Friction Measurements during Martensitic Transformation in CuZnAl Alloys at kHz Frequencies

Amplitude and Temperature Dependence of Internal Friction in Cu-Zn-Al Alloy Measured during Very Low or Null Temperature Rate

Internal Friction Spectra Modifications Related to Carbon in Acicular Martensite

Isothermal Transformation of Retained Austenite in Fe-Ni-C Alloys

High Temperature and Low Frequency Damping of Aluminum Single Crystals

High Temperature Internal Friction of Al

The Influence of Plastic Deformation on the Low Temperature Grain Boundary Peak in Copper

Internal Friction Associated with Precipitation in Al-Ag Alloys

Internal Friction in Aged Cu-Si Alloys

Anelastic Effects in Al 4 wt % Cu Alloy after Aging

Anelastic Effects due to Precipitation and Recrystallization in Aluminum Magnesium Alloys

Internal Friction in Magnesium-Indium Alloys

Influence of Titanium on the Internal Friction Due to Interstitials O, N, C in Niobium

Influence of the Carbon Content on the Internal Friction of Iron -17% Chromium Alloys. 343

Internal Friction in Ti-Al-O Alloys

Glass and Ceramics

Ultrasonic Attenuation in Amorphous Arsenic and Red Phosphorus

Internal Friction, Peaks in Metallic Glasses

Internal Friction of Sodium-Iron-Phosphate Glasses

An Ultrasonic Study of Ion Diffusion in the Superionic Conductor ß-Alumina

Anelastic Phenomena in Non Stoichiometric Spinels and Transition Aluminas

Internal Friction Recovery of Plastically Deformed MgO

High Temperature Damping in Si3N4 Depending on the Sintering Conditions

Anelastic Behavior of Ice at Low Temperature Due to Quenched Point Defects

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
430
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483148595

About the Editor

C. C. Smith