Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines

Improving Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions

1st Edition - November 10, 2011

Write a review

  • Author: Institution of Mechanical Engineers
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095060

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF, Mobi, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

This book contains the papers of the Internal Combustion Engines: Performance fuel economy and emissions conference, in the IMechE bi-annual series, held on the 29th and 30th November 2011. The internal combustion engine is produced in tens of millions per year for applications as the power unit of choice in transport and other sectors. It continues to meet both needs and challenges through improvements and innovations in technology and advances from the latest research. These papers set out to meet the challenges of internal combustion engines, which are greater than ever. How can engineers reduce both CO2 emissions and the dependence on oil-derivate fossil fuels? How will they meet the future, more stringent constraints on gaseous and particulate material emissions as set by EU, North American and Japanese regulations? How will technology developments enhance performance and shape the next generation of designs? This conference looks closely at developments for personal transport applications, though many of the drivers of change apply to light and heavy duty, on and off highway, transport and other sectors.

Key Features

  • Aimed at anyone with interests in the internal combustion engine and its challenges
  • The papers consider key questions relating to the internal combustion engine

Readership

Anyone with interests in the internal combustion engine and its challenges

Table of Contents

  • SI Engines and downsizing

    Chapter 1: Design and development of a dedicated range extender engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 RANGE EXTENDER ENGINE CONCEPT SELECTION

    3 RANGE EXTENDER ENGINE DESIGN HIGHLIGHTS

    4 INITIAL TEST RESULTS

    5 E-REV FUEL CONSUMPTION ASSESSMENT

    6 CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 2: Multiple injection and boosting benefits for improved fuel consumption on a Spray Guided Direct Injection gasoline engine

    ABSTRACT

    INTRODUCTION

    EXPERIMENTAL SETUP

    DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Chapter 3: Optimisation of Variable Length Intake Manifolds for a gasoline turbocharged downsized engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL SET UP

    3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    4 CONCLUSIONS

    4.1 Low speed torque:

    GDI Particulates and other emissions

    Chapter 4: Spray imaging, mixture preparation and particulate matter emissions using a GDI engine fuelled with stoichiometric gasoline/ethanol blends

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    3 CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    Chapter 5: Study of transient particulate and gaseous emissions from a modern GDI engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 APPARATUS

    3 EXPERIMENTS

    4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    5 CONCLUSIONS

    6 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Chapter 6: Particulate matter emission from different combustion modes in a 2/4 stroke switchable direct injection gasoline engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL SET UP

    3 ENGINE OPERATING CONDITIONS

    4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    5 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

    Diesel fuel injection

    Chapter 7: Experimental analysis of nozzle flow number impact on partial and full load performance of a Euro5 automotive diesel engine

    ABSTRACT

    DEFINITIONS, ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 THE ENGINE AND THE EXPERIMENTAL LAYOUT

    3 THE EXPERIMENTAL TEST METHODOLOGY

    4 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS

    5 CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 8: In-cylinder studies of split injection in a single cylinder optical diesel engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP

    3 OPERATING CONDITION

    4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    5 CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 9: The effect of closely coupled pilot injections on diesel engine emissions

    ABSTRACT

    1 CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS

    2 METHODOLOGY

    3 SINGLE CYLINDER ENGINE RESULTS

    4 ENGINE RESULTS, 1.6LITRE 4 CYLINDER

    5 OPTIMUM DWELL, CFD SIMULATION

    6 SUMMARY

    7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Engine design

    Chapter 10: Analysis of CAI/HCCI combustion in a 2-stroke poppet valve engine

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP

    3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    4 CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Chapter 11: The RCV engine. Technical analysis and real world benefits

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 RCV TECHNOLOGY

    3 RCV APPLICATIONS

    4 SUMMARY

    Fuels and emissions

    Chapter 12: Research into requirements for worldwide sustainable biodiesel capability

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 WORLDWIDE BIODIESEL REVIEW

    3 TEST METHODOLOGY

    4 RESULTS

    5 DISCUSSION

    6 CONCLUSIONS

    7 RECOMMENDATIONS

    8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Chapter 13: Effect of hydrogen and DME injection in homogeneous charge compression ignition engine with DME second injection strategy

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENT

    3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    4 CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Chapter 14: Experimental evaluation of performance and emissions of DI diesel engine fuelled with eucalyptus biodiesel

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 BIODIESEL PREPARATION AND ITS CHARACTERIZATION

    3 ENGINE TEST EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURE

    4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    5 CONCLUSION

    Chapter 15: New approaches to design of experiment modeling based on engine control levers and fuel properties

    ABSTRACT

    INTRODUCTION

    FUEL MATRIX AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUEL PROPERTIES

    DESIGN OF EXPERIMENT

    COMBINED DOE CRITERION

    DEFINITION OF TEST PLAN FOR COMBINED DOE

    ENGINE SPECIFICATION AND SELECTED OPERATING POINTS

    MODEL COEFFICIENTS AND IMPORTANCE OF FIRST ORDERS

    RESULTS AND ANALYSIS

    CONCLUSION AND REMARKS

    Chapter 16: Cold start emission and CO2 reduction by engine idle combustion quality improvement in dedicated CNG pick-up truck

    ABSTRACT

    DEFINITIONS

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 INVESTIGATION OF POOR COMBUSTION AT IDLE

    3 VALVE TIMING RE-OPTIMISATION

    4 IMPROVEMENT IN IDLE COMBUSTION

    5 RECALIBRATION AND COLD START EMISSIONS

    6 CONCLUSION

    7 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    Chapter 17: Significant CO2 reductions by utilising the synergies between a downsized SI engine and biofuels

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 METHODOLOGY

    3 RESULTS – ENGINE TESTING

    4 DRIVE CYCLE MODELLING

    5 CONCLUSIONS

    Emissions after-treatment

    Chapter 18: Experiments on a light duty SCR test exhaust system using ammonia gas to provide data for validation of a CFD model

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL TEST RIG AND PROCEDURE

    3 CFD MODEL

    4 MEASUREMENTS IN THE TEST EXHAUST

    5 MEASUREMENTS FROM TEST EXHAUST COMPARED WITH STEADY-STATE CFD SIMULATIONS

    6 CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    Chapter 19: Periodically regenerating diesel particulate filter with a H2/CO mixture addition: towards a fuel reformer diesel engine aftertreatment system

    ABSTRACT

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS AND TEST PROCEDURE

    3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    CONCLUSIONS

    5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Chapter 20: Using 3D CFD to model exhaust fuel dosing device (fuel vaporizer) and oxidation of hydrocarbon

    ABSTRACT

    ABBREVIATIONS AND NOMENCLATURE

    1 INTRODUCTION

    2 ALTERNATIVE TURBULENCE MODELS

    3 CORRELLATIONS

    4 DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

    5 CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Chapter 21: Effect of ignition induced misfire on emission and catalyst temperature a comparative study in a 1.2L MPI engine with multiple fuels

    ABSTRACT

    ABBREVIATIONS

    INTRODUCTION

    SYSTEM SPECIFICATION

    EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

    CONCLUSION

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: November 10, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095060

About the Author

Institution of Mechanical Engineers

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers is one of the leading professional engineering institutions in the world.

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Internal Combustion Engines"