This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition.

Key Features

· starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems
· covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels
· multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields
· This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)


Research workers and students in materials science, especially in biomaterials and polymers, and applied physicists working in these fields

Table of Contents

Fundamental Constants

Intermolecular and Surface Forces


Preface to the Third Edition

Preface to Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Units, Symbols, Useful Quantities and Relations

Definitions and Glossary

1. Historical Perspective

1.1. The Four Forces of Nature

1.2. Greek and Medieval Notions of Intermolecular Forces

1.3. The Seventeenth Century: First Scientific Period

1.4. The Eighteenth Century: Confusion, Contradictions, and Controversy

1.5. The Nineteenth Century: Continuum versus Molecular Theories

1.6. Intermolecular Force-Laws and Interaction Potentials: Long- and Short-Range Forces

1.7. First Successful Phenomenological Theories

1.8. First Estimates of Molecular Sizes

1.9. The Twentieth Century: Understanding Simple Systems

1.10. Recent Trends

2. Thermodynamic and Statistical Aspects of Intermolecular Forces

2.1. The Interaction of Molecules in Free Space and in a Medium

2.2. Self-Energy and Pair Potential

2.3. The Boltzmann Distribution and the Chemical Potential

2.4. The Distribution of Molecules and Particles in Systems at Equilibrium

2.5. The Van der Waals Equation of State (EOS)

2.6. The Criterion of the Thermal Energy kT for Gauging the Strength of an Interaction

2.7. Classification of Forces and Pair Potentials

2.8. Theoretical Analyses of Multimolecular Systems: Continuum and Molecular Approaches

2.9. Molecular Approaches via Computer Simulations: Monte Carlo (MC) and Molecular Dynamics (MD)

2.10. Newton’s Laws Applied to Two-Body Collisions

2.11. Kinetic and Statistical Aspects of Multiple Collisions: the Boltzmann Distribution

Chapter 3. Strong Intermolecular Forces

3.1. Covalent or Chemical Bonding Forces

3.2. Physical and Chemical Bonds

3.3. Coulomb


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© 2011
Academic Press
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