Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

1st Edition - February 26, 2011

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  • Editor: Nikolaos Zafeiropoulos
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081017425
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857092281

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Description

One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites.Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre compositesWith its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites.

Key Features

  • Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment
  • Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres
  • Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites

Readership

Professionals and academics.

Table of Contents

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    Part I: Processing and surface treatments to compose the interface in natural fibre composites

    Chapter 1: Modifying cellulose fiber surfaces in the manufacture of natural fiber composites

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Physical treatments

    1.3 Chemical grafting

    1.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Interface engineering through matrix modification in natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Motivation behind using natural fibre composites and trends

    2.3 Challenges in using natural fibre composites: the problem of low adhesion

    2.4 Matrix modification, coupling mechanism and efficiency of bonding

    2.5 Effect of matrix modification on interfacial properties

    2.6 Effect of matrix modification on macroscopic properties

    2.7 Future trends

    2.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 3: Preparation of cellulose nanocomposites

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Hierarchical structure of natural fibers

    3.3 From micro- to nanoscale

    3.4 Preparation of cellulose nanocrystals

    3.5 Processing of cellulose nanocomposites

    3.6 Properties of cellulose nanocomposites

    3.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 4: Characterization of fiber surface treatments in natural fiber composites by infrared and Raman spectroscopy

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Methods and techniques

    4.3 Analysis of natural fibers and surface treatments

    4.4 Chemical treatments

    4.5 Interfaces in polymer composites

    4.6 Summary

    Chapter 5: Testing the effect of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion of single fibres in natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Methods for characterization of single-fibre–polymer matrix interfacial adhesion

    5.3 Review of lignocellulosic polymer fibre–matrix interfacial adhesion data

    5.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Assessing fibre surface treatment to improve the mechanical properties of natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    6.1 Mechanical testing of fibres

    6.2 Statistical treatment of single-fibre strength

    6.3 Mechanical properties of untreated single fibres

    6.4 Influence of fibre treatment on mechanical properties of natural fibres

    6.5 Conclusion

    6.6 Acknowledgements

    Part II: Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites

    Chapter 7: Electrokinetic characterisation of interfacial properties of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Streaming potential measurements

    7.3 Electrokinetic properties of natural fibres

    7.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 8: Mechanical assessment of natural fiber composites

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Materials and experimental procedures

    8.3 Mechanical testing

    8.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Thermomechanical and spectroscopic characterization of natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Natural fibre composites

    9.3 Interfaces in natural fibre composites and their characterization

    9.4 Microscopic techniques

    9.5 Spectroscopic techniques

    9.6 Thermomechanical methods

    9.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Assessing the moisture uptake behavior of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Methods of quantifying moisture uptake of natural fibres

    10.3 Moisture uptake behaviour of various natural fibres

    10.4 Summary

    10.5 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 11: Creep and fatigue of natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Fundamentals of the creep test

    11.3 Life prediction of natural fibre composites using long-term creep analysis

    11.4 Creep modelling

    11.5 Nonlinear viscoelastic response

    11.6 Stress relaxation

    11.7 Fatigue

    11.8 Factors affecting the fatigue life of natural fibre composites

    11.9 Wood-based composites

    11.10 Conclusions

    11.11 Acknowledgements

    11.12 Notation

    Chapter 12: Impact behavior of natural fiber composite laminates

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Phenomenon description

    12.3 Testing methods and instruments

    12.4 Interpretation of the experimental data

    12.5 Nondestructive inspection (NDI) ultrasonic techniques

    12.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 13: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction to Raman spectroscopy

    13.2 Raman spectroscopy and measurements of molecular deformation in polymer fibres

    13.3 X-ray diffraction and stress analysis in fibres and composites

    13.4 Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements of molecular and crystal deformation in cellulose fibres

    13.5 Discussion

    13.6 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 428
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: February 26, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081017425
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857092281

About the Editor

Nikolaos Zafeiropoulos

Dr. Nikolaos E. Zafeiropoulos is Assistant Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Ioannina in Greece. He is widely regarded for his research expertise on interfaces in composite materials, the development of novel nanohybrid materials and composite hybrid colloids, and the application of x-ray scattering on polymers.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Ioannina, Greece

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