Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP

1st Edition

The Next Internet

Authors: Jean-Philippe Vasseur Adam Dunkels
Paperback ISBN: 9780123751652
eBook ISBN: 9780123751669
Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
Published Date: 1st June 2010
Page Count: 432
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Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP: The Next Internet explains why the Internet Protocol (IP) has become the protocol of choice for smart object networks. IP has successfully demonstrated the ability to interconnect billions of digital systems on the global Internet and in private IP networks. Once smart objects can be easily interconnected, a whole new class of smart object systems can begin to evolve. The book discusses how IP-based smart object networks are being designed and deployed.

The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 demonstrates why the IP architecture is well suited to smart object networks, in contrast to non-IP based sensor network or other proprietary systems that interconnect to IP networks (e.g. the public Internet of private IP networks) via hard-to-manage and expensive multi-protocol translation gateways that scale poorly. Part 2 examines protocols and algorithms, including smart objects and the low power link layers technologies used in these networks. Part 3 describes the following smart object network applications: smart grid, industrial automation, smart cities and urban networks, home automation, building automation, structural health monitoring, and container tracking.

Key Features

  • Shows in detail how connecting smart objects impacts our lives with practical implementation examples and case studies
  • Provides an in depth understanding of the technological and architectural aspects underlying smart objects technology
  • Offers an in-depth examination of relevant IP protocols to build large scale smart object networks in support of a myriad of new services


Networking and wireless engineers and researchers with functions or titles that include communication engineer, network architect, network designer, systems engineer, network operator, network engineer, as well as product managers and service companies to CEOs, CIOs, etc.

Table of Contents

Foreword Preface Acknowledgements Part 1 The Architecture Chapter 1 What Are Smart Objects? 1.1 Where Do Smart Objects Come From? 1.2 Challenges for Smart Objects 1.3 Conclusions Chapter 2 IP Protocol Architecture 2.1 Introduction 2.2 From NCP to TCP/IP 2.3 Fundamental TCP/IP Architectural Design Principles 2.4 The Delicate Subject of Cross-layer Optimization 2.5 Why Is IP Layering also Important for Smart Object Networks? 2.6 Conclusions Chapter 3 Why IP for Smart Objects? 3.1 Interoperability 3.2 An Evolving and Versatile Architecture 3.3 Stability and Universality of the Architecture 3.4 Scalability 3.5 Configuration and Management 3.6 Small Footprint 3.7 What Are the Alternatives? 3.8 Why Are Gateways Bad? 3.9 Conclusions Chapter 4 IPv6 for Smart Object Networks and the Internet of Things 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Depletion of the IPv4 Address Space 4.3 NAT: A (Temporary) Solution to IPv4 Address Exhaustion 4.4 Architectural Discussion 4.5 Conclusions Chapter 5 Routing 5.1 Routing in IP Networks 5.2 Specifics of Routing in LLNs 5.3 Layer 2 Versus Layer 3 Routing 5.4 Conclusions Chapter 6 Transport Protocols 6.1 UDP 6.2 TCP 6.3 UDP for Smart Objects 6.4 TCP for Smart Objects 6.5 Conclusions Chapter 7 Service Discovery 7.1 Service Discovery in IP Networks 7.2 Service Discovery Protocols 7.3 Conclusions Chapter 8 Security for Smart Objects 8.1 The Three Properties of Security 8.2 Security by Obscurity 8.3 Encryption 8.4 Security Mechanisms for Smart Objects 8.5 Security Mechanisms in


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Morgan Kaufmann
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About the Author

Jean-Philippe Vasseur

Jean-Philippe Vasseur is a Distinguished Engineer at Cisco Systems. He is the co-chair of the ROLL working group in the IETF and the chair of technology advisory board in the IP for Smart Objects (IPSO) Alliance. JP Vasseur has co-authored a number of RFCs on IP routing, MPLS, Traffic Engineering and Smart Object networks.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Engineer at Cisco Systems

Adam Dunkels

Adam Dunkels, PhD, is a senior researcher at the Swedish Institute of Computer Science. He is the well-known author of the Contiki operating system, and the uIP and lwIP embedded IP stacks. In 2009, MIT Technology Review named him a Top 35 Innovator under 35, for his work on IP for smart objects.

Affiliations and Expertise

Swedish Institute of Computer Science


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"JP Vasseur and Adam Dunkels have written an important and timely guide to the rapidly developing field of smart technologies and the Internet. This book provides a clear picture of key technical issues that are useful to both the expert and layman. As we continue to build out the smart grid, the 'electric internet,' I predict this book will become required reading for electric utility smart grid teams." - David Mohler, Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, Duke Energy

"As the CEO of my company, I have read it with pleasure and will transfer it to all engineers in my company in charge of developing IP V6 applications." Paul Bertrand, Board member and founder of IPSO (IP for Smart Objects), Creator and Chairman at Watteco

"The authors of this book offer a rich and thoughtful exploration of this new Internet canvas on which the 21st Century will unfold. Prediction will be hard; we are all just going to have to live through it to find out what happens!" – Vinton Cerf, Internet Pioneer