Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP

Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP

The Next Internet

1st Edition - June 1, 2010

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  • Authors: Jean-Philippe Vasseur, Adam Dunkels
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123751652
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123751669

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Description

Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP: The Next Internet explains why the Internet Protocol (IP) has become the protocol of choice for smart object networks. IP has successfully demonstrated the ability to interconnect billions of digital systems on the global Internet and in private IP networks. Once smart objects can be easily interconnected, a whole new class of smart object systems can begin to evolve. The book discusses how IP-based smart object networks are being designed and deployed. The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 demonstrates why the IP architecture is well suited to smart object networks, in contrast to non-IP based sensor network or other proprietary systems that interconnect to IP networks (e.g. the public Internet of private IP networks) via hard-to-manage and expensive multi-protocol translation gateways that scale poorly. Part 2 examines protocols and algorithms, including smart objects and the low power link layers technologies used in these networks. Part 3 describes the following smart object network applications: smart grid, industrial automation, smart cities and urban networks, home automation, building automation, structural health monitoring, and container tracking.

Key Features

  • Shows in detail how connecting smart objects impacts our lives with practical implementation examples and case studies
  • Provides an in depth understanding of the technological and architectural aspects underlying smart objects technology
  • Offers an in-depth examination of relevant IP protocols to build large scale smart object networks in support of a myriad of new services

Readership

Networking and wireless engineers and researchers with functions or titles that include communication engineer, network architect, network designer, systems engineer, network operator, network engineer, as well as product managers and service companies to CEOs, CIOs, etc.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Acknowledgements

    Part 1 The Architecture

    Chapter 1 What Are Smart Objects?

    1.1 Where Do Smart Objects Come From?

    1.2 Challenges for Smart Objects

    1.3 Conclusions

    Chapter 2 IP Protocol Architecture

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 From NCP to TCP/IP

    2.3 Fundamental TCP/IP Architectural Design Principles

    2.4 The Delicate Subject of Cross-layer Optimization

    2.5 Why Is IP Layering also Important for Smart Object Networks?

    2.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 3 Why IP for Smart Objects?

    3.1 Interoperability

    3.2 An Evolving and Versatile Architecture

    3.3 Stability and Universality of the Architecture

    3.4 Scalability

    3.5 Configuration and Management

    3.6 Small Footprint

    3.7 What Are the Alternatives?

    3.8 Why Are Gateways Bad?

    3.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 4 IPv6 for Smart Object Networks and the Internet of Things

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The Depletion of the IPv4 Address Space

    4.3 NAT: A (Temporary) Solution to IPv4 Address Exhaustion

    4.4 Architectural Discussion

    4.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 5 Routing

    5.1 Routing in IP Networks

    5.2 Specifics of Routing in LLNs

    5.3 Layer 2 Versus Layer 3 Routing

    5.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 6 Transport Protocols

    6.1 UDP

    6.2 TCP

    6.3 UDP for Smart Objects

    6.4 TCP for Smart Objects

    6.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 7 Service Discovery

    7.1 Service Discovery in IP Networks

    7.2 Service Discovery Protocols

    7.3 Conclusions

    Chapter 8 Security for Smart Objects

    8.1 The Three Properties of Security

    8.2 Security by Obscurity

    8.3 Encryption

    8.4 Security Mechanisms for Smart Objects

    8.5 Security Mechanisms in the IP Architecture

    8.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 9 Web Services for Smart Objects

    9.1 Web Service Concepts

    9.2 The Performance of Web Services for Smart Objects

    9.3 Pachube: A Web Service System for Smart Objects

    9.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 10 Connectivity Models for Smart Object Networks

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Autonomous Smart Object Networks Model

    10.3 The Internet of Things

    10.4 The Extended Internet

    10.5 Conclusions

    Part 2 The Technology

    Chapter 11 Smart Object Hardware and Software

    11.1 Hardware

    11.2 Software for Smart Objects

    11.3 Energy Management

    11.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 12 Communication Mechanisms for Smart Objects

    12.1 Communication Patterns for Smart Objects

    12.2 Physical Communication Standards

    12.3 IEEE 802.15.4

    12.4 IEEE 802.11 and WiFi

    12.5 PLC

    12.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 13 uIP — A Lightweight IP Stack

    13.1 Principles of Operation

    13.2 uIP Memory Buffer Management

    13.3 uIP Application Program Interface

    13.4 uIP Protocol Implementations

    13.5 Memory Footprint

    13.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 14 Standardization

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 The IETF

    14.3 IETF Working Groups Related to IP for Smart Objects

    14.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 15 IPv6 for Smart Object Networks — A Technology Refresher

    15.1 IPv6 for Smart Object Networks?

    15.2 The IPv6 Packet Headers

    15.3 IPv6 Addressing Architecture

    15.4 The ICMP for IPv6

    15.5 Neighbor Discovery Protocol

    15.6 Load Balancing

    15.7 IPv6 Autoconfiguration

    15.8 DHCPv6

    15.9 IPv6 QoS

    15.10 IPv6 over an IPv4 Backbone Network

    15.11 IPv6 Multicast

    15.12 Conclusions

    Chapter 16 The 6LoWPAN Adaptation Layer

    16.1 Terminology

    16.2 The 6LoWPAN Adaptation Layer

    16.3 Conclusions

    Chapter 17 RPL Routing in Smart Object Networks

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 What Is a Low-power and Lossy Network?

    17.3 Routing Requirements

    17.4 Routing Metrics in Smart Object Networks

    17.5 The Objective Function

    17.6 RPL: The New Routing Protocol for Smart Object Networks

    17.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 18 The IP for Smart Object Alliance

    18.1 Mission and Objectives of the IPSO Alliance

    18.2 IPSO Organization

    18.3 A Key Activity of the IPSO Alliance: Interoperability Testing

    18.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 19 Non-IP Smart Object Technologies

    19.1 ZigBee

    19.2 Z-Wave

    19.3 Conclusions

    Part 3 The Applications

    Chapter 20 Smart Grid

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Terminology

    20.3 Core Grid Network Monitoring and Control

    20.4 Smart Metering (NAN)

    20.5 HAN

    20.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 21 Industrial Automation

    21.1 Opportunities

    21.2 Challenges

    21.3 Use Cases

    21.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 22 Smart Cities and Urban Networks

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Urban Environmental Monitoring

    22.3 Social Networks

    22.4 Intelligent Transport Systems

    22.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 23 Home Automation

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Main Applications and Use Cases

    23.3 Technical Challenges and Network Characteristics

    23.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 24 Building Automation

    24.1 BAS Reference Model

    24.2 Emerging Building Automation Applications

    24.3 Existing Building Automation Systems

    24.4 Building Automation Sensors and Actuator Characteristics

    24.5 Emerging Smart-Object-based BAS

    24.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 25 Structural Health Monitoring

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Main Applications and Use Case

    25.3 Technical Challenges

    25.4 Data Acquisition and Analysis

    25.5 Future Applications and Outlook

    25.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 26 Container Tracking

    26.1 GE CommerceGuard

    26.2 IBM Secure Trade Lane

    26.3 Conclusions

    References

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Morgan Kaufmann 2010
  • Published: June 1, 2010
  • Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123751652
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123751669

About the Authors

Jean-Philippe Vasseur

Jean-Philippe Vasseur is a Distinguished Engineer at Cisco Systems. He is the co-chair of the ROLL working group in the IETF and the chair of technology advisory board in the IP for Smart Objects (IPSO) Alliance. JP Vasseur has co-authored a number of RFCs on IP routing, MPLS, Traffic Engineering and Smart Object networks.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Engineer at Cisco Systems

Adam Dunkels

Adam Dunkels, PhD, is a senior researcher at the Swedish Institute of Computer Science. He is the well-known author of the Contiki operating system, and the uIP and lwIP embedded IP stacks. In 2009, MIT Technology Review named him a Top 35 Innovator under 35, for his work on IP for smart objects.

Affiliations and Expertise

Swedish Institute of Computer Science

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