Integrated Pest Management - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123985293, 9780124017092

Integrated Pest Management

1st Edition

Current Concepts and Ecological Perspective

Editors: Dharam Abrol
eBook ISBN: 9780124017092
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123985293
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 21st October 2013
Page Count: 576
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Description

Integrated Pest Management: Current Concepts and Ecological Perspective presents an overview of alternative measures to traditional pest management practices using biological control and biotechnology. The removal of some highly effective broad-spectrum chemicals, caused by concerns over environmental health and public safety, has resulted in the development of alternative, reduced risk crop protection products. These products, less toxic to the environment and easily integrated into biological control systems, target specific life stages or pest species. Predation — recognized as a suitable, long-term strategy — effectively suppresses pests in biotechnological control systems.

Integrated Pest Management covers these topics and more. It explores the current ecological approaches in alternative solutions, such as biological control agents, parasites and predators, pathogenic microorganisms, pheromones and natural products as well as ecological approaches for managing invasive pests, rats, suppression of weeds, safety of pollinators, role of taxonomy and remote sensing in IPM and future projections of IPM. This book is a useful resource to entomologists, agronomists, horticulturists, and environmental scientists.

Key Features

  • Fills a gap in the literature by providing critical analysis of different management strategies that have a bearing on agriculture, sustainability and environmental protection
  • Synthesizes research and practice on integrated pest management
  • Emphasizes an overview of management strategies, with critical evaluation of each in the larger context of ecologically based pest management

Readership

Entomologists; biological control researchers and practitioners; extension specialists; pest management, crop science, and agricultural economics researchers; agricultural engineers; plant pathologists, weed scientists, nematologists, and applied vertebrate zoologists; advanced and graduate-level students in these areas

Table of Contents

About the Editor

Preface

List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Host-Plant Resistance in Pest Management

1.1 Introduction – What is Plant Resistance?

1.2 The Traditional Approach to Plant Resistance

1.3 Current and Past Uses of Plant Resistance

1.4 The Evolving Role of Mechanistic Research in Host-Plant Resistance

1.5 Induced Resistance as a Management Tool

1.6 Case Studies: The Use of Resistant Rice Varieties

1.7 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 2. Impact of Climate Change on Pest Management and Food Security

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Impact of Climate Change on Geographic Distribution and Population Dynamics of Insect Pests

2.3 Effect of Climate Change on the Effectiveness of Pest Management Technologies

2.4 Climate Change and Pest Management: The Challenge Ahead

2.5 Conclusions

References

Chapter 3. Application of Remote Sensing in Integrated Pest Management

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Methods

3.3 Results

3.4 Discussion

3.5 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 4. Weather-based Pest Forecasting for Efficient Crop Protection

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Weather

4.3 Pests

4.4 Crops

4.5 Efficient Crop Protection Product

4.6 Conclusions

References

Chapter 5. Forecasting of Colorado Potato Beetle Development with Computer Aided System SIMLEP Decision Support System

5.1 Introduction

5.2 SIMLEP DSS

5.3 Conclusions

References

Chapter 6. Role of Semiochemicals in Integrated Pest Management

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Semiochemicals for Monitoring Pest Populations

6.3 Mass Trapping

6.4 Lure and Kill

6.5 Mating Disruption with Pheromones

6.6 Semiochemicals to Repel Pests and Attract Natural Enemies

6.7 Companion Plants Releasing Semiochemicals in Push-Pull Systems

6.8 Using Semiochemicals as Activators of Plant Defences

6.9 Altering Emission of Semiochemicals from Crops

6.10 Conclusions and Future Outlook

References

Chapter 7. Pesticides Applied for the Control of Invasive Species in the United States

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Environmental Damage and Associated Control Costs

7.3 Crop, Pasture, and Forest Losses and Associated Pesticide Use

7.4 Livestock Pests

7.5 Human Diseases

7.6 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 8. Potential and Utilization of Plant Products in Pest Control

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Potential of Plant Products

8.3 Utilization of Plant Products

8.4 Pest Management

8.5 Constraints and Opportunities in Research and Development

8.6 Conclusions

Acknowledgement

References

Chapter 9. Use of Pheromones in Insect Pest Management, with Special Attention to Weevil Pheromones

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Insect Pheromones

9.3 Synergism with Plant Volatiles

9.4 Weevil Pheromones in Pest Management

9.5 Case Studies

9.6 Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 10. Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi in Integrated Pest Management

10.1 Introduction

10.2 An Overview of Entomopathogenic Fungi

10.3 Entomopathogenic Fungi as a Successful Component of IPM

10.4 Fungal Formulations and Application Technology

10.5 Two Case Studies of the Use of Entomopathogenic Fungi for IPM

References

Chapter 11. Potential of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Integrated Pest Management

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Species and Strain

11.3 Virulence and Infectivity

11.4 Bioefficiency

11.5 Application Technology

11.6 Genetic Manipulation

11.7 Desiccation Tolerance

11.8 Compatibility

11.9 Mass Production and Formulation

11.10 Conclusions

References

Chapter 12. Entomopathogenic Viruses and Bacteria for Insect-Pest Control

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Natural Occurrence and Biodiversity of Entomopathogenic Bacteria and Viruses

12.3 Use of Entomopathogenic Bacteria and Viruses as Biocontrol Agents

12.4 Mode of Action

12.5 Commercialization as Biocontrol Agents

12.6 Method of Application

12.7 Field Stability and Persistence of Entomopathogenic Bacteria

12.8 Strain Improvement

12.9 Advantages and Limitations of Bacterial and Virus Biopesticides

12.10 Biosafety Issues Regarding Use of Microbial Pesticides

12.11 Conclusions and Future Direction

References

Chapter 13. The Bioherbicide Approach to Weed Control Using Plant Pathogens

13.1 Economically Important Weeds

13.2 Changing Societal Views to Conventional Weed Control Practices

13.3 What are Bioherbicides?

13.4 From Start to Finish: Understanding the Discovery and Development Process

13.5 Bioherbicides Registered Worldwide

13.6 What Will be the Role of Bioherbicides in the Future?

References

Chapter 14. Biological Control of Invasive Insect Pests

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Biological Control Options

14.3 Ecological Basis for Biological Control

14.4 Conducting a Biological Control Project

14.5 Benefits and Risks of Biological Control

14.6 Integrating Biological Control of Invasive Insect Species With Alternative Management Strategies

14.7 Successful Biological Control

14.8 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 15. Spiders – The Generalist Super Predators in Agro-Ecosystems

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Ecology of the Spiders – Habit and Habitat

15.3 Important Spider Taxonomic Works

15.4 Spiders in Communities

15.5 Prey Selection by Spiders

15.6 Estimates of Spider Species Diversity

15.7 Factors Responsible for Spiders as Potential Biocontrol Agents

15.8 Role of Spiders in Agro-Ecosystems

15.9 Spiders as Predators of Insect Eggs

15.10 Predatory Potential of Some Spiders

15.11 Additional Features of Spiders in Pest Control

15.12 Spider Venom Peptides as Bioinsecticides

15.13 Effect of Agronomic Practices on Spiders

15.14 Integration of Spiders in IPM

15.15 Status of Araneologists

15.16 Conclusion

References

Chapter 16. Biotechnological Approaches for Insect Pest Management

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Developments in Biotechnology

16.3 Molecular Markers

16.4 Molecular Taxonomy

16.5 Biotechnology and Host-Plant Resistance

16.6 Insect Growth Regulators/Hormones

16.7 Genetic Engineering of Biological Control Agents

16.8 Genetic Control of Insect Pests Through Sterile Insect Technique

16.9 Metabolic Pathways as a Source of Useful Genes and Products

16.10 Conclusions

References

Chapter 17. Biotechnological and Molecular Approaches in the Management of Non-Insect Pests of Crop Plants

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Mites

17.3 Plant-Parasitic Nematodes

17.4 Conclusions

References

Chapter 18. Role of Genetically Modified Insect-Resistant Crops in IPM: Agricultural, Ecological and Evolutionary Implications

18.1 Introduction

18.2 GM Crops as a Part of HPR in IPM

18.3 Current Status of GM Crops

18.4 Role of GM Crops in Insect Pest Management

18.5 Ecological Implications

18.6 Evolution of Resistance in Insects to GM Crops

18.7 Conclusions

References

Chapter 19. Breeding for Disease and Insect-Pest Resistance

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Methods of Classification (Hays et al., 1955)

19.3 Nature of Resistance/Mechanism of Resistance

19.4 Genetics of Resistance

19.5 Strategies and Methods of Screening for Resistance

19.6 Classical Breeding for Insect Resistance

19.7 Methods of Breeding for Disease and Insect-Pest Resistance

19.8 Systematic Breeding Programme for Development of Resistant Varieties

19.9 Screening Techniques

19.10 Special Considerations (Jenkins, 1985)

19.11 Morphological Traits Versus Resistance

19.12 Biochemical Constituents Versus Resistance

19.13 Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter 20. Integrated Management of Rodent Pests

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Rodent Diversity

20.3 Rodent Pest Species of India

20.4 The Rodent Problem

20.5 Ecobiology of Rodents

20.6 Rodent Control Techniques

20.7 Baiting Technology

20.8 Integrated Rodent Pest Management

20.9 Conclusions

References

Chapter 21. Eco-Friendly Management of Phytophagous Mites

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Cultural Control

21.3 Use of Predatory Mites

21.4 Feeding Potential

21.5 Field Efficacy

21.6 Influence of Host Plant Characteristics on Predatory Mite Survival

21.7 Factors Affecting Field Efficacy

21.8 Use of Insect Predators

21.9 Use of Predators

21.10 Smothering Agents

21.11 Use of Botanicals and Other Eco-Friendly Agents

21.12 Use of Antimetabolites

21.13 Use of Fungal Pathogens

21.14 Virulence and Host Specificity of Isolates

21.15 Laboratory Bioassays

21.16 Field Applications

21.17 Effect of Host Crop on Virulence of Entomopathogenic Fungi

21.18 Effect of Environmental Factors

21.19 Use of Adjuvants

21.20 Safety of Beauveria Bassiana

21.21 Use of Bacteria

21.22 Use of Viruses

21.23 Compatibility of Various Control Measures

References

Chapter 22. IPM Extension: A Global Overview

22.1 Introduction

22.2 IPM Programmes

22.3 Extension Policies Impacting Dissemination of IPM Technologies

22.4 Extension Systems Disseminating IPM

22.5 Extension Strategies Used to Disseminate IPM Technologies

22.6 Lessons Learned from Global IPM Extension Efforts

22.7 Future Strategies for IPM Extension

References

Chapter 23. Biological Control of Insect Pests in Crops

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Approaches to Biological Control

23.3 Historical Development of Biological Control in Crops

23.4 Importation Biological Control

23.5 Augmentation Biological Control

23.6 Conservation Biological Control

23.7 Conclusions

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124017092
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123985293

About the Editor

Dharam Abrol

Affiliations and Expertise

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology, Division of Entomology, Chatha, Jammu