Integrated Environmental Technologies for Wastewater Treatment and Sustainable Development

Integrated Environmental Technologies for Wastewater Treatment and Sustainable Development

1st Edition - April 13, 2022

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  • Editors: Vineet Kumar, Manish Kumar
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911801
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984850

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Integrated Environmental Technologies for Wastewater Treatment and Sustainable Development provides comprehensive and advanced information on integrated environmental technologies and their limitations, challenges and potential applications in treatment of environmental pollutants and those that are discharged in wastewater from industrial, domestic and municipal sources. The book covers applied and recently developed integrated technologies to solve five major trends in the field of wastewater treatment, including nutrient removal and resource recovery, recalcitrant organic and inorganic compounds detoxification, energy saving, and biofuel and bioenergy production for environmental sustainability. The book provides future directions to young researchers, scientists and professionals who are working in the field of bioremediation and phytoremediation to remediate wastewater pollutants at laboratory and field scale, for sustainable development.

Key Features

  • Illustrates the importance of various advanced oxidation processes in effluent treatment plants
  • Describes underlying mechanisms of constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell technologies for the degradation and detoxification of emerging organic and inorganic contaminants discharged in wastewater
  • Highlights the reuse and recycling of wastewater and recovery of value-added resources from wastewater
  • Focuses on recent advances and challenges in integrated environmental technologies, constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell, microbial electrochemical-constructed wetlands, biofilm reactor-constructed wetland, and anammox- microbial fuel cell technology for sustainable development
  • Illustrates the importance of microbes and plants in bio/phytoremediation and wastewater treatment


Researchers, Biochemical Engineers, Microbiologists and Biotechnologists, Environmental Engineers, Waste Treatment Engineers and Managers, Environmental Health and Risk Scientists, Environmental Scientists, Administrators, and Policy Makers, Environmental Consultants, Industry Persons and Students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels who aspire to work on the remediation of toxic contaminants from wastewater for sustainable development

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 Integration of photocatalytic and biological processes for treatment of complex effluent: Recent developments, trends, and advances
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Biological treatment of organic contaminants
  • 1.3 Photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants
  • 1.4 Need for integrated process for treatment of complex effluent
  • 1.5 Combined photocatalysis and biological process
  • 1.6 Mineralization and toxicity reduction
  • 1.7 Pilot-scale integrated process
  • 1.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) technology for nitrogen removal from wastewater: Recent advances and challenges
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Microbiology of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox)
  • 2.3 Techniques for enrichment of anammox
  • 2.4 Molecular methods for identification of anammox
  • 2.5 Preservation of anammox
  • 2.6 Carriers and their effects on anammox
  • 2.7 Application of anammox in wastewater treatment
  • 2.8 Factors affecting treatment performance of anammox
  • 2.9 Integration of anammox into other remediation technologies for effective wastewater treatment
  • 2.10 Challenges and future prospects for anammox research
  • 2.11 Conclusion and recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Integrated process technology for recycling and re-use of industrial and municipal wastewater: A review
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Wastewater treatment technologies
  • 3.3 Integrated processes: examples and benefits
  • 3.4 The future of water reuse opportunities
  • 3.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Integrated production of biodiesel and industrial wastewater treatment by culturing oleaginous microorganisms
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Alternative energy sources: biodiesel
  • 4.2 Substrates for SCO production by oleaginous microorganisms
  • 4.3 Integrated strategies for simultaneous production of SCO and biological treatment of wastewaters by oleaginous microorganisms
  • 4.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Nature-inspired ecotechnological approaches toward recycling and recovery of resources from wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Living technologies: borrowing ideas and inspiration from Mother Nature
  • 5.3 Genesis of the concept of “living machines”
  • 5.4 Trademark tenets of living technologies: ten commandments (wisdom) of Mother Nature mark the hallmarks
  • 5.5 Applications of living technologies: Mother Nature's Midas touch for transforming waste(water) into wealth
  • 5.6 Designing traits for trading natural wastewater treatment systems
  • 5.7 Tools of the trade
  • 5.8 Variants of living technological systems
  • 5.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Integrated microbial desalination cell and microbial electrolysis cell for wastewater treatment, bioelectricity generation, and biofuel production: Success, experience, challenges, and future prospects
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs)
  • 6.3 Microbial desalination cells (MDCs)
  • 6.4 Challenges and limitations
  • 6.5. Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Hydroxyapatite for environmental remediation of water/wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Synthesis and properties of hydroxyapatite
  • 7.3 Hydroxyapatite as an adsorbent for wastewater treatment
  • 7.4 Mechanisms involved
  • 7.5 Recent trends in wastewater treatment with HAP
  • 7.6 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Algae coupled constructed wetland system for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Constructed wetlands in wastewater system
  • 8.3 Algae in wastewater treatment
  • 8.4 Algae coupled constructed wetland
  • 8.5 Resource and energy recovery through algae coupled constructed wetland
  • 8.6 Real-world application of algae coupled constructed wetland: perspectives
  • 8.7 Conclusion and future prospects
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Integrated CO2 sequestration, wastewater treatment, and biofuel production by microalgae culturing: Needs and limitations
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Integrated carbon sequestration and its sequestration technologies
  • 9.3 Microalgae-based biorefinery
  • 9.4 Products obtained from biorefinery for biofuel industry
  • 9.5 Applications of microalgal biomass
  • 9.6 Limitations of algal biomass products
  • 9.7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Physicochemical–biotechnological approaches for removal of contaminants from wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Water pollution
  • 10.3 Wastewater treatment - general scheme
  • 10.4 Physicochemical approaches for removal of contaminants from wastewater
  • 10.5 Chemical approach
  • 10.6 Biotechnological approaches for removal of contaminants from wastewater
  • 10.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Integrated biopolymer and bioenergy production from organic wastes: Recent advances and future outlook
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Structural and chemical characteristics of biopolymer and bioenergy
  • 11.3 Chemical insights into organic wastes
  • 11.4 Traditional technologies for bioenergy and biopolymer production through organic wastes
  • 11.5 Advanced biotechnology techniques (integrated systems)
  • 11.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Integrated production of polyhydroxyalkonate (bioplastic) with municipal wastewater and sludge treatment for sustainable development
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Enzymes, structure and properties of polyhydroxyalkonate
  • 12.3 Overview of different substrate for PHA production
  • 12.4 Chemical environment and composition of wastewater sludge
  • 12.5 Production of PHA using pure and mixed microbial cultures
  • 12.6 Integration of polyhydroxyalkonate production process with wastewater treatment plant
  • 12.7 Growing impact and policies of PHA-based bioplastic in the world
  • 12.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Wastewater treatment by oleaginous algae and biodiesel production: Prospects and challenges
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Contaminants in industrial wastewater
  • 13.3 Microalgae and industrial wastewater
  • 13.4 Prospects of microalgae for biofuel production
  • 13.5 Conversion of algal oil to biodiesel
  • 13.6 Biofuels and bioproducts acquired from biovolarization of algal biomass
  • 13.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Integrating forward osmosis into microbial fuel cells for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Membrane transport theory
  • 14.3 Osmotic microbial fuel cells
  • 14.4 Challenges and obstacles
  • 14.5 Previous studies on OsMFCs
  • 14.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Recent trends for treatment of environmental contaminants in wastewater: An integrated valorization of industrial wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Physicochemical removal of pollutants from wastewater generated by industries
  • 15.3 Biotechnological removal of pollutants from wastewater generated by industries
  • 15.4 Combined physicochemical-biotechnological strategies
  • 15.5 Drawbacks and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Advancements in industrial wastewater treatment by integrated membrane technologies
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Fundamentals of MBR
  • 16.3 Hybrid MBR for high-strength wastewater
  • 16.4 MBR for tannery wastewater treatment
  • 16.5 MBR for textile wastewater treatment
  • 16.6 MBR for pharmaceutical wastewater
  • 16.7 Membrane fouling
  • 16.8 Strategies to reduce membrane fouling
  • 16.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Microbial electrochemical-based constructed wetland technology for wastewater treatment: Reality, challenges, and future prospects
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Integration of BES with CW (CW-BES)
  • 17.3 Wastewater treatment using CW-BES (lab-, pilot-, and full-scale studies)
  • 17.4 Challenges and limitations
  • 17.5 Future scope
  • 17.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 18 Nanostructured materials for water/wastewater remediation
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Wastewater and their sources
  • 18.3 Nanomaterials for water remediation process
  • 18.4 Carbon-based nanomaterials
  • 18.5 Metal and metal oxides nanoparticles
  • 18.6 Nanocomposite and nanofibers membrane
  • 18.7 Conclusion and future aspects
  • References
  • Chapter 19 Integrated technologies for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Current situation of wastewater treatment and management
  • 19.3 New concepts and technologies for wastewater treatment
  • 19.4 Advanced integrated technologies for wastewater treatment
  • 19.5 Potential benefits of integrated technologies used in wastewater treatment
  • 19.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 20 Integrated anaerobic-aerobic processes for treatment of high strength wastewater: Consolidated application, new trends, perspectives, and challenges
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Integrated anaerobic and aerobic treatment of high strength wastewater
  • 20.3 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Integrated biomedical waste degradation and detoxification
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Sources of biomedical waste
  • 21.3 Disposal strategies
  • 21.4 Strategies and mechanism of degradation
  • 21.5 Constraints
  • 21.6 Future scope
  • 21.7 Some advanced approaches to treat medical waste
  • 21.8 Conclusion and prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 22 Role of algal-bacterial association in combined wastewater treatment and biohydrogen generation: An overview on its challenges and future
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Unscientific discharge of effluents: A serious environmental issue
  • 22.3 Potential role of microorganisms in remediation of wastewater
  • 22.4 Alternative use of microalgae-bacteria consortia
  • 22.5 Comparative analysis of biohydrogen over conventional fuels
  • 22.6 Future aspect of biohydrogen production from microalgae-bacteria consortia
  • Reference
  • Chapter 23 Cyanobacteria mediated toxic metal removal as complementary and alternative wastewater treatment strategy
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Metal toxicity
  • 23.3 Cyanobacteria mediated metal removal
  • 23.4 Mechanism
  • 23.5 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • Reference
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 584
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 13, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911801
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984850

About the Editors

Vineet Kumar

Dr. Vineet Kumar is currently working as Sr. Project Associate in the Waste Re-processing Division at CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Before his joining, he worked as Assistant Professor (Ad-hoc) in the Department of Botany at Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, India. He was an Assistant Professor and Academic Coordinator at Vinayak Vidyapeeth, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. He received his M.Sc. and M.Phil. in Microbiology at Ch. Charan Singh University, Meerut, India. Subsequently, he earned his Ph.D. (2018) in Environmental Microbiology from Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (A Central) University, Lucknow, India. His doctoral work focused on Study of Bacterial Communities in Two Step Treatment of Post Methanated Distillery Effluent by Bacteria and Constructed Wetland Plant Treatment System was supported by the University Grants Commission (UGC), India. Dr. Kumar’s research interest includes: Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, Metagenomics, Wastewater Treatment, Environmental Monitoring, Waste Management; Bioenergy, and Biofuel Production. Currently, his research mainly focuses on the development of integrated and sustainable treatment techniques that can help in minimizing or eliminating hazardous waste in the environment. He has published 18 research and review articles in reputed International Journals. In addition, he is the author of 4 Proceeding Articles, 35 Book Chapters, and 4 Scientific Magazine articles. Moreover, he has published 2 authored and 11 edited books on different aspects of Phytoremediation, Bioremediation, Wastewater Treatment, Waste Management, Omics, Genomics, and Metagenomics from CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group), Elsevier, USA, Springer Nature, and Wiley. His recently published book is ‘Recent Advances in Distillery Waste Management for Environmental Safety’ (From CRC Press; Taylor & Francis Group, USA). He has presented several papers relevant to his research areas at national and international conferences. Dr. Kumar has been serving as a guest editor and reviewer in many prestigious International Journals, including Frontiers in Microbiology, Environmental Research, Chemosphere, Journal of Basic Microbiology; Journal of Applied Microbiology; Current Microbiology; International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology; CLEAN-Soil, Air, Water; Process Biochemistry. He is the founder of the Society for Green Environment, India (website: When he is not teaching or writing, Dr. Kumar enjoys bicycling, gardening, traveling, spending time with family, and reading spiritual books. He can be reached at;

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vinayak Vidyapeeth, Modipuram, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Manish Kumar

Dr. Manish Kumar is currently working as a Project Scientist at Environmental Biotechnology and Genomic Division (EBGD), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR–NEERI), Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Dr Kumar did his postdoctoral research from Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE), The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China and Ph.D. from School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Dr Kumar working area belongs to bioremediation, bio-valorization, bioenergy, and detoxification of natural and organic compounds, with major emphasis on waste biorefinery and circular economy. He worked for Department of Science and Technology Government of India sponsor project and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) Government of India sponsored project. He also worked for international collaborative project entitle “Indo-US Advanced Bioenergy Consortium (IUABC): Second Generation Biofuels”. In 2018 he worked as Visiting Researcher at École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Switzerland, Bioenergy and Energy Planning Research Group (BPE). He has published more than 40 research and review papers in peer review journals, 5 book chapters, and also applied for one patent. He has more than 1386 Google citations with 20 h-index.

Affiliations and Expertise

CSIR- National Envt Eng Res Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

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