Integrated Aircraft Navigation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122497506, 9780323153799

Integrated Aircraft Navigation

1st Edition

Authors: James Farrell
eBook ISBN: 9780323153799
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1976
Page Count: 368
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Description

Integrated Aircraft Navigation discusses the fundamentals of navigation systems analysis. Modern aircraft navigation systems are characterized by a multifaceted, computer-oriented approach, covering various branches of theoretical dynamics, inertial measurements, radar, radio navaids, celestial observations, and widely used statistical estimation techniques. Each pertinent field entails much technological development that is not essential for applied systems analysis. The book presents pertinent information extracted from a broad range of topics, expressed in terms of Newtonian physics and matrix-vector mathematics. The book begins by defining basic navigation quantities and functions, and introducing various subjects as an aid to subsequent developments. These include basic motion patterns, navigation coordinate frames, and navigation techniques and requirements. This is followed by separate chapters on coordinate transformations and kinematics; inertial navigation theory; the physics of inertial measurements; and navigation with multiple sensors. Subsequent chapters deal with dynamic equations for all navigation modes considered; functional relationships and practical considerations for the various navigation aid sensors in common usage; and system applications. This book will be useful to the student or practicing engineer who wants a valid analytical characterization, using the simplest theoretical concepts permissible, while omitting specialized mechanization details.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.0

1.1 Basic Motion Patterns

1.2 Navigation Coordinate Frames

1.3 Navigation Techniques and Requirements

1.4 Restrictive Discussion of an Inertial System

1.5 Viewpoint for Subsequent Chapters

Exercises

References

Chapter 2 Coordinate Transformations and Kinematics

2.0

2.1 Fundamentals of Rotational Transformations

2.2 Properties of Rotational Transformations

2.3 Four-Parameter Rotation Operators

2.4 Reflective Transformations

2.5 Application to Subsequent Chapters

Appendix 2.A: Illustrative Solutions to Differential Equations of Rotation

Appendix 2.B: Orthogonalization

Exercises

References

Chapter 3 Principles of Inertial Navigation

3.0

3.1 Basic Translational Dynamics

3.2 IMU Stabilization

3.3 Mechanization Considerations

3.4 Navigation in Geographic Coordinates

3.5 Strapdown Computations

3.6 Wander Azimuth Navigation

Appendix 3.A: Gravity and the Earth's Ellipsoid Model

Appendix 3.B: Dynamics of Platform Orientation Error

Exercises

References

Chapter 4 Advanced Inertial Navigation Analysis

4.0

4.1 Accelerometers in Gravitational Fields

4.2 Gyrodynamics

4.3 Component Imperfections

4.4 Generalized Error Propagation Analysis

Appendix 4.A: Dynamic Environment of Airborne Inertial Instruments

Appendix 4.B: Analysis of Random Oscillations

Exercises

References

Chapter 5 Estimation with Discrete Observations

5.0

5.1 Basic Concepts in Linear Estimation

5.2 Minimum Variance Linear Estimation

5.3 Systematic Error Sources

5.4 Practical Realization of Continuous-Discrete Estimation

5.5 Cartesian Position and Velocity Application

Appendix 5.A: Generalized Block Estimation

Appendix 5.B: Estimation with Known Measurement Error Covariance: Further Considerations

Exercises

References

Chapter 6 Navigation Modes and Applicable Dynamics

6.0

6.1 Geographic Position and Velocity Estimation

6.2 Addition of Basic INS Kinematics

6.3 Complete INS Dynamics

6.4 In-Flight INS Calibration

6.5 Modifications for Point Nav Mode

6.6 Modifications for Air-to-Air Tracking

Appendix 6.A: Remarks Concerning Nongeographic Reference Modes

Appendix 6.B: Suboptimal Damping

Exercises

References

Chapter 7 Navigation Measurements

7.0

7.1 Locally Referenced Observations

7.2 Earth-Based Observations

Appendix 7.A: Fundamental Characteristics of Airborne Radar

Appendix 7.B: Doppler Radar

Appendix 7.C: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)

Exercises

References

Chapter 8 Illustration of Navigation and Tracking Operations

8.0

8.1 Initial Alignment

8.2 Earth Nav Data Processing

8.3 Air-to-Air Tracking

8.4 Point Nav Performance and Operation

Exercises

References

Appendix I Nomenclature

I.1 Brackets

I.2 Functions

I.3 Symbols

I.4 Subscripts and Superscripts

I.5 Abbreviations and Acronyms

Appendix II Applicable Matrix Theory

II. 1 Definitions and Conventions

II.2 Matrix Operations

II.3 Matrices in Linear Dynamics Analysis

Appendix III Navigation Functions and Data Flow

III.1 Initialization of Earth Nav Quantities

III.2 Point Nav Initialization

III.3 Platform Orientation

III.4 Periodic Incrementation

III.5 Earth Nav Update

III.6 Point Nav Update

III.7 Flight Control

III.8 Ballistics Computation

III.9 Radar Imaging

III.10 Air-to-Air Tracking

III. 11 Clutter Tracking

III.12 Antenna Steering

Index


Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1976
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323153799

About the Author

James Farrell