Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128028568, 9780128028926

Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients

1st Edition

Production, Processing and Food Applications

Editors: Aaron T. Dossey Juan Morales-Ramos M. Guadalupe Rojas
eBook ISBN: 9780128028926
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128028568
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 11th July 2016
Page Count: 402
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Description

Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients: Production, Processing and Food Applications describes how insects can be mass produced and incorporated into our food supply at an industrial and cost-effective scale, providing valuable guidance on how to build the insect-based agriculture and the food and biomaterial industry. Editor Aaron Dossey, a pioneer in the processing of insects for human consumption, brings together a team of international experts who effectively summarize the current state-of-the-art, providing helpful recommendations on which readers can build companies, products, and research programs.

Researchers, entrepreneurs, farmers, policymakers, and anyone interested in insect mass production and the industrial use of insects will benefit from the content in this comprehensive reference. The book contains all the information a basic practitioner in the field needs, making this a useful resource for those writing a grant, a research or review article, a press article, or news clip, or for those deciding how to enter the world of insect based food ingredients.

Key Features

  • Details the current state and future direction of insects as a sustainable source of protein, food, feed, medicine, and other useful biomaterials
  • Provides valuable guidance that is useful to anyone interested in utilizing insects as food ingredients
  • Presents insects as an alternative protein/nutrient source that is ideal for food companies, nutritionists, entomologists, food entrepreneurs, and athletes, etc.
  • Summarizes the current state-of-the-art, providing helpful recommendations on building companies, products, and research programs
  • Ideal reference for researchers, entrepreneurs, farmers, policymakers, and anyone interested in insect mass production and the industrial use of insects
  • Outlines the challenges and opportunities within this emerging industry

Readership

Food Scientists, Nutrition researchers, Sustainable food researchers, Entomologists; Students in Entomology, Food Science, Agriculture and Sustainability courses; Academic researchers, professors, and post-docs; regulators

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Disclaimer
  • List of Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Introduction to Edible Insects
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Aims
    • Historic Relevance of Edible Insects
    • Reevaluation of Our Sources of Protein Worldwide
    • Population Growth and a Rising Demand for Animal-Derived Protein
    • Land Use
    • Urban and Vertical Agriculture
    • Climate Change and Agricultural Productivity
    • Aquaculture and the Environment
    • Limits to Nonrenewable Energy
    • Water Use
    • Insects as a Living Source of Protein in Space
    • Insects Are an Important and Feasible Solution
    • Worldwide Acceptance of Insects as Food
    • Funding and Legislation
    • Increasing Recognition in the Academic Sector
    • Current Trends in Using Insects as Food
    • Psychological Barriers and Disgust
    • Definition of Terms
    • Summary of Book
    • A Call to Action
  • Chapter 2: Insects as Food: History, Culture, and Modern Use around the World
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Edible Insects of the World
    • History of Insects as Human Food
    • Modern Cultural Uses
    • Cultural Restrictions
    • Edible Insects as Nutraceuticals
    • Ethnoentomology
    • Harvesting and Cultivation
    • Final Comments and Recommendations
  • Chapter 3: Nutrient Content and Health Benefits of Insects
    • Abstract
    • Nutrient Content
    • Insect Physiology and Functionality
    • Insects as a Food Ingredient
    • Insect Protein Functionality
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Edible Insects Farming: Efficiency and Impact on Family Livelihood, Food Security, and Environment Compared With Livestock and Crops
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Food Security/Family Livelihood
    • Biodiversity and Availability of Insects
    • Consumption of Insects Versus Other Livestock
    • Cost of Cultivation
    • Possibility of Replacing Livestock with Insects as Human Food
    • Environmental Impact
    • Industrial Perspective
    • Commercial Insect Farming for Mass Production
    • Market Potential
    • Safety Regulations
    • Current Challenges and Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Modern Insect-Based Food Industry: Current Status, Insect Processing Technology, and Recommendations Moving Forward
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Current Insect Farming Industry
    • Recommendations and Considerations for Selection for Aspiring Insect-Based Food Producers and Insect Farmers
    • The Real Pioneers: Entrepreneurs in the Insect-Based Food Space
    • Supply Chain Needs: Feed, Farms, Insects, Transportation, Processing, and Manufacturing
    • Intriguing the Larger Food Industry: Uses of Insects as Industrial Food Ingredients
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: Insect Mass Production Technologies
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Mass-Produced Insect Species and Their Respective Applications
    • Potential of Using Conventional Feedstock for Rearing Insects
    • Nutritional Requirements for Farmed Insects
    • Considerations for Insect Mass Rearing Equipment and Mechanization
    • Production Techniques by Species
    • Environmental Control for Efficient Production of Insects in General
    • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 7: Food Safety and Regulatory Concerns
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Regulatory Considerations for Insects-as-Food Ingredient
    • Labelling Regulation and Health Claims Applicable to Insects
    • Safety Considerations for Insects as Food
    • Toxicological Hazards of Insect-Based Foods and Food Ingredients
    • Farming and Novel Considerations Driving Insect Food/Feed Safety
    • Processing, Preparation, Packaging, and Transport of Insect-Based Foods and Food Ingredients
    • Conclusions on the Use of the Insects as Food and Feed
  • Chapter 8: Ensuring Food Safety in Insect Based Foods: Mitigating Microbiological and Other Foodborne Hazards
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Microbes Associated with Insects
    • Insects as a Vector of Foodborne Disease Hazards
    • Administrative Regulation
    • Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point System
    • Food Safety Modernization Act
    • Validation
    • Food Preservation
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9: Insects and Their Connection to Food Allergy
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Food Allergy
    • Insects and Food Allergy
    • Insect Allergens
    • Effects of Processing
    • Methods of Allergen Detection
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 10: Brief Summary of Insect Usage as an Industrial Animal Feed/Feed Ingredient
    • Abstract
    • Overview
    • Examples of Livestock Fed With Insects as Feed Ingredients
    • Benefits and Constraints Associated with Using Insects as Livestock Feed Ingredients
    • Promising Opportunities for Research and Technological Advancement
    • Conclusions
  • Appendix: Documented Information for 1555 Species of Insects and Spiders
  • Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
402
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128028926
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128028568

About the Editor

Aaron T. Dossey

Dr. Aaron Dossey holds a Ph.D. in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, undergraduate degree in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Cum Laude with minors in Mathematics and Chemistry, is a professional self-taught Entomologist, Founding President of All Things Bugs LLC and inventor of GrioproTM cricket powder (www.cricketpowder.com). He has served as a postdoctoral associate at the

University of Florida and as a Research Entomologist with the USDA. His research involves developing

technologies derived from insects and other invertebrates, with award winning research publications

in the fields of entomology and chemistry.

Dr. Dossey has research experience in the areas of: Molecular Biology, Food Science, Organic

Chemistry, Entomology, Insect rearing and husbandry, insect farming, Natural Products Chemistry,

natural product isolation and identification, Chemical Ecology, field biology, setting up a laboratory,

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. He has won over $750,000 in major research grants from the Bill and Melinda GatesFoundation, from the USDA developing insect farming and processing technologies as well as Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) for malnourished children. He also participated in the 2012 UN FAO expert consultation on the potential for

insects to contribute to human food security. Since, he has invented and patented technology for

production of insect-based food ingredient products, and his company is already the world’s largest

in production and selling these products.

Dr. Dossey is a frequent speaker at food science, nutrition, sustainability, and insect related

conferences and is sought out for his unique expertise on this emerging industry. You can read more about Dr. Dossey's biography at: www.cricketpowder.com/about-us/

Affiliations and Expertise

President of All Things Bugs LLC, USA

Juan Morales-Ramos

Dr. Morales’ main expertise is in mass production of arthropods, insect nutritional ecology and the

development of rearing methods and mechanization of rearing processes for beneficial arthropods.

Between 1992 and 1998, he developed mass propagation technology for the boll weevil parasitoid

Catolaccus grandis. This research earned him the USDA-ARS scientist of the year award in 2002.

During 1998 and 2004 he developed termite and ant baiting systems. This research earned him the

USDA-ARS technology transfer award and the Federal Laboratory Consortium regional excellence in

technology transfer award in 2004. Since 2004, he has developed novel rearing methods for

predatory mites and other beneficial arthropods. This included new technology for separation of

mealworm sizes for infection with entomopathogenic nematodes, novel methods for mass producing

Tenebrio molitor, mechanized methods to pack T. molitor cadavers infected with nematodes, and

mechanized methods for infecting T. molitor larvae with entomopathogenic nematodes. The work on

the in-vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes using T. molitor earn him the National

Federal laboratory Consortium award of excellence in technology transfer in 2013. Dr. Morales-

Ramos has produced a total of 104 publications and 12 patents; his is currently the project leader of

the project titled “Mass Production of Biological Control Agents”. Dr. Morales-Ramos recently edited

the book titled “Mass production of Beneficial Organisms” published in January 2014 by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS, USA

M. Guadalupe Rojas

Dr. Rojas’ main expertise is in insect nutrition, nutritional ecology and the development of artificial

diets for biological control agents and bait matrixes to control termites and ants. Between 1993 to

1998 she developed an artificial diet for the boll weevil parasitoid Catolaccus grandis. Between 1998

and 2004, she developed bait matrices for control of the Formosan subterranean termite and

household ants, both of which were successfully commercialized by Ensystex and FMC, and still are

sold world-wide. This work earned her the USDA-ARS technology transfer award and the Federal

Laboratory Consortium regional excellence in technology transfer award in 2004. Since 2004, she has

developed artificial diets for predatory mites and other insect predators and improved susceptibility

of Tenebrio molitor to entomopathogenic nematodes. The work on the in-vivo production of

entomopathogenic nematodes using T. molitor earned her the National Federal laboratory Consortium award of excellence in technology transfer in 2013. Dr. Rojas has produced a total of 99 publications and holds 12 patents, her current responsibilities include principal scientist on 3 different research agreements with 3 different companies including Syngenta Bioline, Kopert, and Monsanto. ”. Dr. Rojas recently co-edited the book titled “Mass production of Beneficial Organisms” published in January 2014 by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS, USA

Reviews

"Overall this book is a valuable and timely resource for all those interested in the topic of insects as food and feed, entomologists, human and animal nutritionists, food scientists, and entrepreneurs." --Journal of Insects as Food and Feed