Insect Virology

Insect Virology

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Author: Kenneth M. Smith
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158596

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Insect Virology focuses on viruses affecting insects, from the Tipula and Sericesthis iridescent viruses to the acute and chronic bee paralysis viruses and sacbrood virus. The book explores the symptomatology and pathology of virus diseases in insects; the isolation and purification of the viruses as well as their morphology and chemistry; and the host range. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with a historical overview of insect virology and its emergence as a scientific discipline, along with the previous studies on virus diseases in insects. Before discussing the different kinds of viruses and their distribution throughout the insect kingdom, the book first describes the viruses attacking the insects and the diseases they cause. The book then examines the mode of virus replication, transmission, and latent viral infections. The text explains a rapidly developing technique, the growing of insect tissues in culture, and its use to study the virus in the living cell. The book also considers the relationships of plant viruses with the insects that transmit them. The last chapter deals with the use of insect viruses in the biological control of insect pests. This book is a valuable source of information for entomologists, insect virologists, virologists in other fields, microbiologists, and others interested in insect virology.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter I. Introduction



    Chapter II. The Various Types of Insect Viruses and the Nuclear Polyhedroses

    I. Different Kinds of Insect Virus Diseases

    II. The Polyhedroses: Nuclear Type

    A. The Polyhedra

    B. Symptomatology and Pathology

    C. Isolation of the Virus

    D. Morphology and Ultrastructure of the Virus Particle

    E. Chemistry of the Virus

    F. The Nuclear Polyhedrosis of Tipuh paludosa Meig

    G. A Possible Nuclear Polyhedrosis in Culex tarsalis Coquillet

    H. The Virus


    Chapter III. The Polyhedroses: Cytoplasmic Type

    A. The Polyhedra

    B. Symptomatology and Pathology

    C. Isolation of the Virus

    D. Morphology and Ultrastructure of the Virus Particle

    E. Chemistry of the Virus


    Chapter IV. The Granuloses


    A. The Capsules (Granules)

    B. Symptomatology and Pathology

    C. Isolation of the Virus

    D. Morphology and Ultrastructure of the Virus

    Ε. Chemistry of the Virus


    Chapter V. The Noninclusion and Miscellaneous Virus Diseases

    Part I. The Noninclusion Diseases


    A. The Tipula Iridescent Virus (TIV)

    B. Sericesthis Iridescent Virus (SIV)

    C. Acute Bee Paralysis Virus (ABPV)

    D. Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus (CBPV)

    E. Sacbrood Virus (SBV)

    F. Wassersucht Virus of Coleopterous Insects

    G. A Virus from the Armyworm Cirphis unipuncta (Haw.)

    H. A Virus from Antheraea eucalypti Scott

    I. Drosophila σ Virus

    Part II. Miscellaneous Virus Diseases

    A. A Virus from Melolontha melolontha (Linn.)

    B. A Suspected Noninclusion Virus in the European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner)


    Chapter VI. Mode of Replication of Insect Viruses


    A. Nuclear Polyhedrosis Viruses

    B. Cytoplasmic Polyhedrosis Viruses

    C. Granulosis Viruses

    D. Noninclusion-Body Viruses


    Chapter VII. Transmission and Spread of Insect Viruses

    A. Infection per os

    B. Transovarial Transmission

    C. Artificial Methods of Transmission

    D. Cross Transmission

    E. Methods of Spread


    Chapter VIII. Latent Viral Infections

    A. Definitions

    B. State of the Virus in Latent Insect Infections

    C. Examples of Latent Infections

    D. Conditions Governing Latency

    E. Induction of Latent Virus Infections


    Chapter IX. Tissue Culture of Insect Viruses


    A. Techniques and Media

    B. Results Achieved


    Chapter X. Further Aspects of the Relationships between Insects and Viruses

    A. Mixed Infections, Interference and Synergism

    B. Immunity and Resistance

    C. Virus Strains and Mutations

    D. Serology of Insect Viruses

    E. Artificial Feeding Media

    F. Staining Methods for Optical Microscopy


    Chapter XI. Plant Virus-Insect Vector Relationships


    A. Mechanical Vectors

    B. The Vector Relationships of Tobacco Mosaic Virus

    C. The Problem of Aphid-Virus Relationships

    D. Biological Transmission

    E. Discussion


    Chapter XII. Viruses and the Biological Control of Insect Pests


    A. Selection of Viruses

    B. Variable Factors

    C. Application of the Virus

    D. Preparing and Storing the Virus

    E. Standardization of Virus Preparations

    F. Some Examples of Virus Control



    Arthropoda: Arachnida


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158596

About the Author

Kenneth M. Smith

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Botany, University of Texas, Austin, Texas

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