Insect Photoperiodism - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780120843800, 9780323161787

Insect Photoperiodism

2nd Edition

Editors: Stanley D. Beck
eBook ISBN: 9780323161787
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1980
Page Count: 398
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Description

Insect Photoperiodism reviews the many aspects of photoperiodism, particularly in insects, emphasizing the concepts that serve to place the subject in a meaningful relationship to the whole of modern biology. Photoperiodism is the study of the adaptive mechanisms by which living systems exploit this source of temporal information. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins by discussing the relationships between an endogenous behavioral rhythm and the exogenous photoperiod. Aside from behavioral activities, it also shows that some observable developmental events tend to occur at species-typical times of the day and to be photoperiodically regulated. Notably, photoperiod may exert either or both of two regulatory effects on insect development: growth rate effects or polymorphism. Furthermore, the characteristics of some of the principal physiological rhythms that have been studied; role of photoperiod in the control of diapauses; and the circadian functions and theoretical nature of biological clock are explored in this book.

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction to Photoperiodism

Photoperiod as a Geophysical Pattern

Introduction to Insect Photoperiodism

Chapter 2 Behavioral Photoperiodism

Photoperiodic Entrainment of Locomotor Rhythms 1

Photoperiodic Entrainment of Feeding Behavior

Photoperiodic Entrainment of Mating Behavior

Photoperiodic Entrainment of Oviposition

Survey of Photoperiodic Entrainment of Behavioral Rhythms

Chapter 3 Photoperiodism and Developmental Events

Fortuitous and Gated Synchrony

Adult Emergence Rhythms

Egg Eclosion Rhythms

Rhythms of Pupation

Rhythmic Larval Ecdysis

Survey of Developmental Event Rhythms

Chapter 4 Physiological Rhythms

Metabolic Periodism

Developmental Processes

Central Nervous and Sensory Systems

Neurosecretory and Endocrine Systems

Chapter 5 Growth and Polymorphism

General Physiology of Insect Growth

Effects of Photoperiod on Growth Rates

Effects of Photoperiod on Pigmentation and Body Form

Photoperiod and Aphid Polymorphism

Chapter 6 Photoperiodism and Diapause

Photoperiodic Induction of Diapause

Diapause Development

Summation of Photoperiodic Effects

Diapause and Seasonal Changes in Daylengths

Chapter 7 Survey of Photoperiodically Controlled Diapause

Embryonic Diapause

Larval and Nymphal Diapause

Pupal Diapause

Imaginal Diapause

Chapter 8 Circadian Rhythms and Biological Time Measurement

Characteristics of Circadian Rhythms

Temperature Compensation of Circadian Rhythms

Continuous Operation of the Biological Clock

Entrainment and Phase Regulation

Chapter 9 Biological Clocks in Developmental Periodism

General Biological Clock Theories

Biological Characteristics of Time Measurement

Chapter 10 The Dual System Theory of the Biological Clock

Characteristics of the Dual System Theory

Applications of the Dual System Theory

Circadian Pacemaker, Hourglass, and Dual System Theories

Chapter 11 Physiology of the Biological Clock Receptor Systems

Biological Clock Systems

Chapter 12 Photoperiodism and Adaptation Circadian Adaptations

Seasonal Adaptations

Genetics of Photoperiodism

Speciation

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
398
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323161787

About the Editor

Stanley D. Beck