Insect Photoperiodism

Insect Photoperiodism

2nd Edition - May 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Stanley D. Beck
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161787

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Insect Photoperiodism reviews the many aspects of photoperiodism, particularly in insects, emphasizing the concepts that serve to place the subject in a meaningful relationship to the whole of modern biology. Photoperiodism is the study of the adaptive mechanisms by which living systems exploit this source of temporal information. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins by discussing the relationships between an endogenous behavioral rhythm and the exogenous photoperiod. Aside from behavioral activities, it also shows that some observable developmental events tend to occur at species-typical times of the day and to be photoperiodically regulated. Notably, photoperiod may exert either or both of two regulatory effects on insect development: growth rate effects or polymorphism. Furthermore, the characteristics of some of the principal physiological rhythms that have been studied; role of photoperiod in the control of diapauses; and the circadian functions and theoretical nature of biological clock are explored in this book.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Photoperiodism

    Photoperiod as a Geophysical Pattern

    Introduction to Insect Photoperiodism

    Chapter 2 Behavioral Photoperiodism

    Photoperiodic Entrainment of Locomotor Rhythms 1

    Photoperiodic Entrainment of Feeding Behavior

    Photoperiodic Entrainment of Mating Behavior

    Photoperiodic Entrainment of Oviposition

    Survey of Photoperiodic Entrainment of Behavioral Rhythms

    Chapter 3 Photoperiodism and Developmental Events

    Fortuitous and Gated Synchrony

    Adult Emergence Rhythms

    Egg Eclosion Rhythms

    Rhythms of Pupation

    Rhythmic Larval Ecdysis

    Survey of Developmental Event Rhythms

    Chapter 4 Physiological Rhythms

    Metabolic Periodism

    Developmental Processes

    Central Nervous and Sensory Systems

    Neurosecretory and Endocrine Systems

    Chapter 5 Growth and Polymorphism

    General Physiology of Insect Growth

    Effects of Photoperiod on Growth Rates

    Effects of Photoperiod on Pigmentation and Body Form

    Photoperiod and Aphid Polymorphism

    Chapter 6 Photoperiodism and Diapause

    Photoperiodic Induction of Diapause

    Diapause Development

    Summation of Photoperiodic Effects

    Diapause and Seasonal Changes in Daylengths

    Chapter 7 Survey of Photoperiodically Controlled Diapause

    Embryonic Diapause

    Larval and Nymphal Diapause

    Pupal Diapause

    Imaginal Diapause

    Chapter 8 Circadian Rhythms and Biological Time Measurement

    Characteristics of Circadian Rhythms

    Temperature Compensation of Circadian Rhythms

    Continuous Operation of the Biological Clock

    Entrainment and Phase Regulation

    Chapter 9 Biological Clocks in Developmental Periodism

    General Biological Clock Theories

    Biological Characteristics of Time Measurement

    Chapter 10 The Dual System Theory of the Biological Clock

    Characteristics of the Dual System Theory

    Applications of the Dual System Theory

    Circadian Pacemaker, Hourglass, and Dual System Theories

    Chapter 11 Physiology of the Biological Clock Receptor Systems

    Biological Clock Systems

    Chapter 12 Photoperiodism and Adaptation Circadian Adaptations

    Seasonal Adaptations

    Genetics of Photoperiodism




Product details

  • No. of pages: 398
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: May 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161787

About the Editor

Stanley D. Beck

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