Inorganic Species, Part 3 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124983038, 9780323149280

Inorganic Species, Part 3

1st Edition

Editors: Roger Minear
eBook ISBN: 9780323149280
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 26th October 1984
Page Count: 468
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Description

Water Analysis, Volume III: Organic Species is a seven-chapter text that emphasizes the methods used for the determination and analysis of organic constituents in both natural and polluted waters. Chapters 1 and 2 deal with waste strength and waste pollution parameters of a nonspecific variety, such as biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, spectroscopic measurements, electrochemical methods, and a number of other techniques that provide chemical class determinations. Chapter 3 provides the current methods for isolating, concentrating, and partitioning organic constituents from water. Chapter 4 examines gas chromatographic separations and analyses and capillary and packed-column techniques. This chapter also presents injector techniques, derivatizations, detector types, qualitative and quantitative analyses, and a representative list of applications. Chapter 5 discusses the principles of organic mass spectrometry, mass analysis, ion detection, chromatography/mass spectrometry, tandem mass spectrometry, qualitative and quantitative analysis, and selected applications. Chapter 6 describes the principles and applications of using high performance liquid chromatography for water analyses, as well as the necessary equipment, the chromatographic process, and practical use and optimization of the method. Chapter 7 covers the use of infrared spectrophotometry for analyzing for organic pollutants in water, considering both theoretical aspects and practical applications of this technique.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1 Waste Strength and Water Pollution Parameters

I. Introduction

II. Oxygen Demand as a Pollution Control Parameter

III. Mathematical Modeling of the BOD Reaction

IV. BOD Test Methods

V. Factors Affecting BOD Measurement

VI. Accuracy and Precision of BOD Tests

References

2 Chemical Nonspecific Organics Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Elemental Parameters

III. Oxygen Demand

IV. Spectrophotometric Methods

V. Electrochemical Methods

VI. Class Determinations

VII. On-Line Monitors

VIII. Comparison of Nonspecific Parameters

References

3 Concentration, Partitioning, and Isolation Techniques

I. Introduction

II. Equipment and Reagent Selection and Cleanup

III. Techniques for Volatiles

IV. Techniques for Semivolatiles

V. Techniques for Low Molecular Weight Nonvolatiles

VI. Techniques for High Molecular Weight Constituents

VII. Comprehensive Analytical Schemes

VIII. Summary

References

4 Gas Chromatography

I. Introduction

II. Gas Chromatographic Techniques and Equipment

III. Applications

References

5 Organic Mass Spectrometry

I. Introduction

II. Principles of Organic Mass Spectrometry

III. Mass Analysis

IV. Ion Detection

V. Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

VI. Tandem Mass Spectrometry

VII. Qualitative Analysis

VIII. Quantitative Analysis

IX. Selected Applications

References

6 The Use of HPLC for Water Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Equipment for HPLC

III. Detectors for HPLC

IV. Description of the Chromatographic Process

V. Solute Retention in HPLC

VI. Making a Separation

VII. Optimizing the Separation

References

7 Infrared Spectrophotometry of Pollutants in Water Systems

I. Introduction

II. Recording of Infrared Spectra

III. Theoretical Considerations

IV. Fundamentals of Spectral Interpretations

V. Spectral Interpretations

VI. Infrared Techniques

VII. Pesticide Analysis

VIII. Phenol Analysis

IX. Petroleum Analysis

X. Petroleum Identification

XI. Characterization and Identification of Spilled Petroleum Oils

XII. Linear Discriminant Function Analysis

XIII. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

References

Index




Details

No. of pages:
468
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323149280

About the Editor

Roger Minear