Description

The withstanding properties of inorganic membranes provide a set of tools for solving many of the problems that the society is facing, from environmental to energy problems and from water quality to more competitive industries. Such a wide variety of issues requires a fundamental approach, together with the precise description of applications provided by those researchers that have been close to the industrial applications. The contents of this book expand the lectures given in a Summer School of the European Membrane Society. They combine an easily accessible description of the technology, suitable for the graduate level, with the most advanced developments and the prospective of future applications. The large variety of membrane types makes almost compulsory to select a specialist for each of them, and this has been the approach selected in this book. In the case of porous membranes, the advances are related to the synthesis of microporous materials such as silica, carbon and zeolite membranes and hollow fibre membranes. A chapter covers the increasingly relevant hybrid membranes. Attention is also devoted to dense inorganic membranes, experiencing constantly improved properties. The applications of all these membranes are considered throughout the book.

Key Features

Covers all the inorganic membranes field, by different experts. It comes from a European Summer School It includes future directions in the field

Readership

Researcher Student

Table of Contents

1. Stability of porous ceramic membranes 1. Introduction 1.1. General considerations on porous ceramic membranes 1.2. Stability of porous ceramic membranes 2. Chemical Stability 2.1. Background 2.2. Experiments 2.2.1. Membrane supports or macroporous membranes 2.2.2. Mesoporous and microporous membranes 3. Thermal Stability 3.1. Background 3.1.1. The sintering process 3.1.2. Phase transformations 3.1.3. Support 3.2. Experiments 3.2.1. Effect of the sintering process 3.2.2. Effect of phase transformations 3.2.3. Effect of the support 3.2.4. Hydrothermal stability 4. Resuming 5. References 2. Microporous silica membrane – basic principles and recent advances 1. Introduction 2. Specific properties of amorphous silica – comparison with other oxides 3. Synthesis methods 3.1. Sol-gel routes 3.1.1. Conventional sol-gel routes 3.1.2. Tailoring of the porosity in sol-gel derived membranes 3.2. CVD routes 3.2.1. Thermal CVD 3.2.2. Plasma-enhanced CVD 4. Design and performance of microporous silica membranes 4.1. Silica membrane applications 4.1.1. Pervaporation 4.1.2. Gas separation 4.2. Gas transport in almost dense silica membranes 4.3. Membrane supports and intermediate layers 4.4. Thermal stability of silica membranes on steam 5. Conclusion 6. References 3. From polymeric precursors to hollow fibre carbon and ceramic membranes General int

Details

No. of pages:
480
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444530707
Electronic ISBN:
9780080558004

About the editors

Miguel Menéndez

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Zaragoza, Spain