Innovative Materials for Building Energy Efficiency - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081022511

Innovative Materials for Building Energy Efficiency

1st Edition

Preparation, Characterization, Properties and Applications

Editors: R. Parameshwaran V. Vinayaka Ram R Karunakaran N Jalaiah
Paperback ISBN: 9780081022511
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st September 2018
Page Count: 446
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Table of Contents

1. Energy, Materials and Buildings
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Global Energy Consumption and Energy Scenario
1.3 Materials for Energy Applications
1.4 Energetic Aspects of Materialsfor Building applications
1.5 Historical Perspective in Construction
1.5.1 Materials
1.5.2 Practices
1.6 Types of Buildings
1.7 Concise Remarks

2. Energy Efficiency in Buildings
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Need for Energy Efficient Buildings
2.3 Conventional and Renewable Energy Technologies for Buildings
2.4 Active and Passive Energy Technologies
2.3.1 Heating
2.3.2 Ventilation
2.3.3 Cooling and Air Conditioning
2.5 Comparison of Energy Efficient Technologies
2.6 High Performance and Green Building Concepts
2.7 Concise Remarks

3. Buildings and Materials
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Building Science and Materials
3.2.1 Physics of Buildings
3.2.2 Amalgamation of Materials Science and Building Physics
3.2.3 Significance of Materials for Buildings
3.3 Selection of Materials
3.4 Classification of Materials
3.4.1 Broad Categorization
3.4.2 Building Specific Materials
3.4.3 Innovative and Advanced Materials
3.5 Applications of Materials in Buildings
3.6 Concise Remarks

4. Overview of Preparation, Characterization and Properties of Materials
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Synthesis of Materials
4.2.1 Conventional Materials
4.2.2 Advanced Materials
4.3 Selection of Materials and Methodology
4.3.1 Conventional Approach
4.3.2 Technology-Driven Approach
4.4 Characterization of Materials
4.4.1 Principles of Characterization
4.4.2 Techniques for Characterization
4.4.3 Selection of Characterization Techniques
4.5 Properties of Materials
4.5.1 Overview of Essential Properties
4.5.2 Chemical Properties
4.5.3 Electrical Properties
4.5.4 Mechanical Properties
4.5.5 Optical Properties
4.5.6 Thermal Properties
4.5.7 Durability
4.6 Selection of Apposite Properties of Materials for Building Applications
4.7 Concise Remarks

5. Innovative Cement-based Materials
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Need for Reducing Carbon Emissions and Improve Energy Efficiency in Buildings
5.3 Novel Cement-based Materials
5.3.1 Magnesium Oxide-based Carbon-Negative Cements
5.3.2 Calcium Aluminate-based Cements
5.3.3 Calcium Alumina-Silicate Cements
5.3.4 Sequestrated Carbon Cements
5.3.5 Super-Sulfated Cements
5.3.6 Special Purpose Cements
5.4 Merits and Challenges
5.5 Concise Remarks

6. Alternative Cementitious Materials
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Conventional Cementitious Materials for Building Structures and Pavements
6.3 Need for Alternative Cementitious Materials
6.4 Flyash Materials
6.4.1 Production and Characterization of Flyash
6.4.2 Properties of Flyash
6.4.3 Utilization of Flyash in Building Structures
6.5 Volcanic Ash Materials
6.5.1 Production and Characterization of Volcanic Ash
6.5.2 Properties of Volcanic Ash
6.5.3 Utilization of Volcanic Ash in Building Structures
6.6 Rice Hush Ash Materials
6.6.1 Production and Characterization of Rice Hush Ash
6.6.2 Properties of Rice Hush Ash
6.6.3 Utilization of Rice Hush Ash in Building Structures
6.7 Metakaoline Materials
6.7.1 Production and Characterization of Metakaoline
6.7.2 Properties of Metakaoline
6.7.3 Utilization of Metakaolinein Building Structures
6.8 Condensed Silica Fume Materials
6.8.1 Production and Characterization of Condensed Silica Fume
6.8.2 Properties of Condensed Silica Fume
6.8.3 Utilization of Condensed Silica Fume in Building Structures
6.9 Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) Materials
6.9.1 Preparation and Characterization of GGBS
6.9.2 Properties of GGBS
6.9.3 Utilization of GGBS in Building Structures
6.10 Geopolymer Concrete Materials
6.10.1 Preparation and Characterization of Geopolymer Concrete
6.10.2 Properties of Geopolymer Concrete
6.10.3 Utilization of Geopolymer Concrete in Building Structures
6.11 Limestone Dust Materials
6.11.1 Preparation and Characterization of Limestone Dust
6.11.2 Properties of Limestone Dust
6.11.3 Utilization of Limestone Dust in Building Structures
6.12 Merits and Challenges
6.13 Concise Remarks

7. Sustainable Bio-Inspired Building Materials
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Significance of Bio-Inspired Building Materials
7.3 Classification of Biomaterials for Building Applications
7.3.1 Based on Mechanical, Structural and Thermal Properties
7.3.2 Based on Direct and Indirect Energy Savings Potential
7.3.3 Based on Reduced Emissions and Environmental Impact
7.4 Preparation and Characterization of Bio-based Building Materials
7.5 Micro-organisms-based Cements/Concrete (MBC) for Buildings
7.5.1 Preparation and Characterization of MBC Materials
7.5.2 Properties of MBC Materials
7.5.3 Utilization of MBC Materials in Building Structures
7.6 Plant-based Concretes (PBC) for Building Structures
7.6.1 Preparation and Characterization of PBC Materials
7.6.2 Properties of PBC Materials
7.6.3 Utilization of PBC Materials in Building Structures
7.7 Sustainable Biocomposites for Building Energy Efficiency
7.7.1 Preparation and Characterization of Biocomposite Materials
7.7.2 Properties of Biocomposite Materials
7.7.3 Utilization of Biocomposite Materials in Building Structures
7.8 Merits and Challenges
7.9 Concise Remarks

8. Embodied Energy and Low Carbon Materials
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Definition of Embodied Energy in Buildings
8.2.1 Embodied Emissions
8.2.2 Challenges in Embodied Emissions
8.2.3 Estimates of Embodied Emissions
8.3 Apposite Low Carbon Materials for Energy Buildings
8.3.1 Wood
8.3.2 Bricks/Thermal Mass
8.3.3 Sandstone
8.3.4 Rammed Earth
8.3.5 Straw-Bale Materials
8.4 Low Carbon Materials and Energy Conservation
8.5 Merits and Challenges
Concise Remarks

9. Materials for Building Envelopes
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Significance of Building Envelopes
9.3 Properties and Characteristics of Materials
9.3.1 Building Fabrics
9.3.2 Fenestration
9.3.3 Building Façade
9.3.4 Glazing/Windows
9.3.5 Tiles
9.3.6 Vertical Cladding
9.3.7 Surface Coating Materials
9.3.8 Building Façade Materials
9.3.9 Hydrophilic Porous Materials
9.3.10 Electrochromic Glazing, Windows and Walls
9.3.11 Insulation Materials
9.3.12 Fire Resistant Materials
9.4 Merits and Challenges
9.5 Concise Remarks

10. Thermal Energy Storage Materials
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Thermal Energy Storage and Types
10.2.1 Sensible Heat Storage (SHS)
10.2.2 Latent Heat Storage (LHS)
10.2.3 Thermochemical Heat Storage (THS)
10.3 Sensible Heat Storage Materials
10.3.1 Preparation and Characterization of SHS Materials
10.3.2 Properties of SHS Materials
10.3.3 Utilization of SHS Materials in Building Structures
10.4 Latent Heat Storage Materials
10.4.1 Preparation and Characterization of LHS Materials
10.4.2 Properties of LHS Materials
10.4.3 Utilization of LHS Materials in Building Structures
10.5 Thermochemical Heat Storage Materials
10.5.1 Preparation and Characterization of THS Materials
10.5.2 Properties of THS Materials
10.5.3 Utilization of THS Materials in Building Structures
10.6 Merits and Challenges
10.7 Concise Remarks

11. Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Overview of Microencapsulation Technology
11.3 Preparation and Characterization of Microencapsulated PCMs
11.3.1 Mechanical/Physico-Mechanical Methods
11.3.2 Physico-Chemical Methods
11.3.3 Chemical Methods
11.4 Microencapsulated PCMs for Building Cooling and Heating
11.5 Microencapsulated PCMs and Their Energetic Potential in Buildings
11.6 Merits and Challenges
11.7 Concise Remarks

12. Nanomaterials-based Phase Change Materials
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Overview of Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
12.3 Preparation and Characterization of Nanomaterials and Nanostructures
12.3.1 Dimensional Nanostructures
12.3.2 Multifunctional Nanostructures
12.4 Nanomaterials embedded Phase Change Materials
12.4.1 Active Cooling and Heating in Buildings
12.4.2 Passive Cooling and Heating in Buildings
12.5 Energetic Aspects of Nanomaterials Embedded PCMs
12.6 Merits and Challenges
12.7 Concise Remarks

13. Nanomaterials for Efficient Building Envelopes
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Nanoscale Binding Materials
13.3 Nanocoating Materials
13.4 Nanoscale Insulation Materials
13.5 Merits and Challenges
13.6 Concise Remarks

14. Smart Materials for Energy Efficient Buildings
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Need for Smart Materials for Building Envelopes
14.3 Properties and Characteristics of Smart Materials in Buildings
14.3.1 Electrochromic Glass
14.3.2 Photochromic Glass
14.3.3 Mechanochromic Materials
14.3.4 Chemochromic Materials
14.3.5 Thermotropic Glass
14.3.6 Organic Photovoltaic Cells
14.3.7 Thermoelectric Generators
14.3.8 Photoluminescent Materials
14.3.9 Electroluminescent Materials
14.3.10 Pyroelectric Materials for HVAC systems
14.3.11 Shape Memory Materials
14.3.12 Adhesion-Changing Materials
14.4 Merits and Challenges
14.5 Concise Remarks

15. Applications of Materials in Buildings
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Functional Classification of Buildings
15.2.1 Industrial Buildings
15.2.2 Office Buildings
15.2.3 Residential Buildings
15.2.4 Academic Buildings
15.2.5 Commercial Buildings
15.3 Refurbished and Future Buildings
15.4 Net Zero Energy Buildings
15.5 Low Energy Building Design
16. Building Materials: Present and Future Trends
16.1 Buildings Design and Architecture
16.2 Materials and Their Scope for Future Buildings


Innovative Materials for Building Energy Efficiency: Preparation, Characterization, Properties and Applications contains informative information on how to bridge energy gaps in buildings using innovative materials. The ideologies and assessments presented give immediate solutions to existing building structures, thus making them energy efficient. It addresses the key energy challenges that need to be confronted in all aspects of materials science, technology and sustainability.

Key Features

  • Presents a comprehensive tool for immediate reference on the state-of-the-art on innovative and advanced building materials, their characterization, properties and applications
  • Includes a clear explanation, discussion and presentation of topics using user-friendly graphics and table
  • Contains chapters exclusively dedicated to nanotechnology-based materials, smart materials and embodied energy for improving building energy efficiency
  • Creates a benchmark for representing building energy efficiency through the collection and presentation of state-of-the art information on materials


Civil Engineers, Architects, Material Scientists, Chief Engineers/Managers in Building Services and Researchers


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Woodhead Publishing
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Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

R. Parameshwaran Editor

R. Parameshwaran is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Birla Institute of Technology & Science-Pilani (BITS-Pilani), Hyderabad Campus, India. His research interests include thermal energy storage, nanomaterials, building energy efficiency, and sustainability

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Birla Institute of Technology & Science-Pilani (BITS-Pilani), Hyderabad Campus, India

V. Vinayaka Ram Editor

V Vinayaka Ram is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-Pilani), Hyderabad campus, India. He is actively involved in the indigenous development of equipment for material characterization. His research focus has been on civil engineering materials and sustainable material technologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-Pilani), Hyderabad campus, India

R Karunakaran Editor

R. Karunakaran is an Associate Professor and Dean of Mechanical Engineering at the UCE, Kancheepuram, Anna University, Chennai, India. His research focus includes high performance and green buildings and their design towards accomplishing energy efficiency in the built environment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Anna University, Chennai, India.

N Jalaiah Editor

Nandanavanam Jalaiah is currently working for BITS-Pilani at Hyderabad Campus, India and his main research interests are materials for energy efficiency, conservation and management, the fibre/matrix interface in advanced composites, heat transfer in nanofluids and phase change materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

BITS-Pilani, India