Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing

1st Edition - March 15, 2022

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  • Editors: Sonil Nanda, Dai-Viet Vo
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323900751
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323855860

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Description

Innovations in Thermochemical Technologies for Biofuel Processing broadly covers current technologies in alternate fuels and chemical production, a few of which include biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid biomass conversion technologies. The topics in this book include elaborative discussions on biomass feedstocks, biomass-to-liquid technologies (liquefaction, pyrolysis and transesterification), biomass-to-gas technologies (gasification), gas-to-liquid technologies (syngas fermentation and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis), co-processing technologies, fuel upgrading technologies (hydrotreating and reforming), novel catalyst development for biorefining, biorefining process optimization, unit operations, reaction kinetics, artificial neural network, and much more. The book comprehensively discusses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of notable biofuels (e.g., bio-oil, biocrude oil, biodiesel, bioethanol, biobutanol, bio-jet fuels, biohydrogen, biomethane, synthesis gas, hydrocarbon fuels, etc.).

Key Features

  • Addresses solutions for clean fuel, energy security, waste management, waste valorization, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, carbon capture and sequestration, circular economy and climate change mitigation
  • Includes applications of thermochemical conversion and reforming technologies for waste biomass to biofuels
  • Covers current technologies in alternate fuels and chemicals production, a few of which include conversion technologies (i.e., liquefaction, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, transesterification, organic transformation, carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom coupling reactions, oxidation, and reforming processes, etc.), hydrotreating technologies (i.e., hydrogenation, hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrodearomatization and hydrodemetalization) and catalytic processes.

Readership

Graduate and postgraduate students, research scholars, academicians and industrial researchers working in interdisciplinary fields such as Chemical Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering, Bioresources, Fuel Processing, Unit Operations, Biofuels and Bioenergy, Green Technology, Waste Management, Energy Conversion, Green Catalysis, Enzyme Technology, Industrial Engineering, Fuel Cell Chemistry, and other related fields. A guide for governmental and non-governmental organizations (including municipalities, research institutes, etc.), policymakers, biofuel scientists, industrial researchers, biochemists, academicians and research scholars working in the areas relating to renewable energy, biofuels and biochemicals

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Editors biographies
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1 Thermochemical conversion of organic waste: New horizons for production of green energy
  • Abstract
  • Keyword
  • Chapter Outline
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Green energy from organic wastes
  • 1.3 Waste organic biomass
  • 1.4 Thermochemical biomass conversion technologies
  • 1.5 Hydrothermal biomass conversion technologies
  • 1.6 Current challenges and future prospects
  • 1.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Progress in biomass fast pyrolysis: An outlook of modern experimental approaches
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Modern approaches in fast pyrolysis of biomass
  • 2.3 Effect of catalysts in isothermal fast pyrolysis of biomass
  • 2.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Production of solid and liquid fuels for energy applications via pyrolysis of biomass
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Solid fuel from biomass pyrolysis
  • 3.3 Liquid fuel from biomass pyrolysis
  • 3.4 Pretreatment methods in bio-oil production
  • 3.5 Economic feasibility of bio-oil utilization in the production of biodiesel
  • 3.6 Bibliometric analysis
  • 3.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Pyrolytic valorization of an invasive crop (Phragmites) to high-value biofuels and bioproducts
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Lignocellulosic biomass
  • 4.3 Pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass
  • 4.4 Effect of inorganics on pyrolysis reactions
  • 4.5 Reactor technologies
  • 4.6 Market and value-added products
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5 State-of-the-art practices to upgrade biomass fast pyrolysis derived bio-oil
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Overview of newer techniques for bio-oil upgrading
  • 5.3 Progress in computational or theoretical approach
  • 5.4 Case study for using process simulation approach to study the upgrading of pyrolysis bio-oil: ASPEN simulation
  • 5.5 Advancement on the biomass pyrolysis using machine-learning and data-driven approaches
  • 5.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Biofuel production with integrated pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading system
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Mechanism of biomass pyrolysis
  • 6.3 Catalytic pyrolysis of solid biomass
  • 6.4 Catalyst design for catalytic pyrolysis of solid biomass
  • 6.5 Experimental and pilot studies in catalytic pyrolysis of biomass
  • 6.6 Catalytic pyrolysis of waste oil
  • 6.7 Catalyst design for catalytic pyrolysis of waste oil
  • 6.8 Reactor design and process intensification for catalytic pyrolysis of waste oil
  • 6.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Thermochemical valorization of oil palm biomass to value-added products: A biorefinery concept
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Oil palm biomass
  • 7.3 Overview of thermochemical valorization of oil palm biomass
  • 7.4 Biorefinery concept for the valorization of oil palm biomass
  • 7.5 Industrial applications of the various products from the thermochemical valorization of oil palm biomass
  • 7.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Vegetable oil-based feedstocks for biofuel production: Physicochemical properties and chemical compositions
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Bioethanol feedstocks
  • 8.3 Biodiesel and green fuel feedstocks
  • 8.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Advanced biofuels: Deoxygenation and hydrodeoxygenation catalytic reaction
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Generation of biofuel
  • 9.3 Advanced biofuel: Potential feedstock and production technologies
  • 9.4 Development and current status of hydrodeoxygenation and deoxygenation
  • 9.5 Role of catalyst in hydrodeoxygenation and deoxygenation
  • 9.6 Types of advanced biofuels
  • 9.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Recent progress in biomass air gasification using moving and fixed bed gasifiers
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Air gasification using moving bed gasifiers
  • 10.3 Air gasification via bubbling fluidized bed gasifier
  • 10.4 Air gasification via entrained flow gasifier
  • 10.5 Air gasification via circulating and dual fluidized bed gasifier
  • 10.6 Air gasification using fixed bed gasifiers
  • 10.7 Air gasification via updraft gasifier
  • 10.8 Air gasification via downdraft gasifier
  • 10.9 Air gasification via cross draft gasifier
  • 10.10 Air gasification using a thermogravimetric analyzer
  • 10.11 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Hydrothermal gasification of biomass for hydrogen production: Advances, challenges, and prospects
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Biomass as a bioresource for hydrogen production
  • 11.3 Hydrogen production from biomass
  • 11.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Combination of atmospheric pressure plasma with catalysts for dry reforming of methane to value-added chemicals
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter Outline
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Nonthermal plasma catalysis
  • 12.3 Plasma-catalyst interaction
  • 12.4 CH4–CO2 conversion to synthesis gas using plasma and catalyst
  • 12.5 Direct one-step CO2—CH4 conversion to liquid fuel using plasma and catalyst
  • 12.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 338
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: March 15, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323900751
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323855860

About the Editors

Sonil Nanda

Dr. Sonil Nanda is a Research Associate in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. He received his Ph.D. degree in Biology from York University, Canada; M.Sc. degree in Applied Microbiology from Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India; and B.Sc. degree in Microbiology from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, India. Dr. Nanda’s research areas are related to the production of advanced biofuels and biochemicals through thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis, carbonization and fermentation. He has gained expertise in hydrothermal gasification of a wide variety of organic wastes and biomass including agricultural and forestry residues, industrial effluents, municipal solid wastes, cattle manure, sewage sludge and food wastes to produce hydrogen fuel. His parallel interests are also in the generation of hydrothermal flames for the treatment of hazardous wastes, agronomic applications of biochar, phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils, as well as carbon capture and sequestration. Dr. Nanda has published over 80 peer-reviewed journal articles, 30 book chapters and has presented at many international conferences. Dr. Nanda serves as a Fellow Member of the Society for Applied Biotechnology in India, as well as a Life Member of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers; Association of Microbiologists of India; Indian Science Congress Association; and the Biotech Research Society of India. He is also an active member of several chemical engineering societies across North America such as the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Institute of Canada, and the Combustion Institute-Canadian Section. Dr. Nanda is an Assistant Subject Editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier). He has also edited several Special Issues in renowned journals such as the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier), Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier) Waste and Biomass Valorization (Springer), Topics in Catalysis (Springer), SN Applied Sciences (Springer), Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (Springer), and Chemical Engineering & Technology (Wiley).

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Associate, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Dai-Viet Vo

Dr. Dai-Viet N. Vo is currently the Director of the Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials at Nguyen Tat Thanh University in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. He received his Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia in 2011. He has worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of New South Wales in Sydney and Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha. Formerly, he was a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering in the Universiti Malaysia Pahang in Kuantan, Malaysia (2013-2019). His research areas are in the production of green synthetic fuels via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using biomass-derived syngas from various reforming processes. He is also an expert in advanced material synthesis and catalyst characterization. During his early career, he has worked as the principal investigator and co-investigator for 21 different funded research projects related to sustainable and alternative energy. He has published 6 books, 15 book chapters, more than 110 peer-reviewed journal articles and 80 conference proceedings. He has served in the technical and publication committees of numerous international conferences in chemical engineering, catalysis and renewable energy. Dr. Vo is an Assistant Subject Editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier) and a Guest Editor for several Special Issues in high-impact factor journals such as the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier), Comptes Rendus Chimie (Elsevier), Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier), Waste and Biomass Valorization (Springer), Topics in Catalysis (Springer), Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (Springer), Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (Wiley) and Chemical Engineering & Technology (Wiley). He is also an Editorial Board Member of many international journals including PLOS One, SN Applied Sciences (Springer) and Scientific Reports (Springer Nature).

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

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