Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128041901, 9780128042007

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites

1st Edition

Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry

Authors: Paul Anastas David Hammond
eBook ISBN: 9780128042007
Paperback ISBN: 9780128041901
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 19th October 2015
Page Count: 134
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Description

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites: Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry highlights the use of green chemistry principles to identify and address serious threats and potential consequences caused by accidental and deliberate industrial chemical releases. Through valuable case studies, the book suggests wholesale replacements of hazardous chemicals with benign and inherently safer, or "greener," materials. More than physical security barriers and plans, such preventative measures better guarantee the safety of industrial employees and nearby residents.

This valuable primer begins with an introduction to the concepts of green chemistry and outlines the various ways that a green approach to chemical design, production, and management is not only good for the planet, but also serves to protect people and infrastructure from terrorist acts. Specific examples and case studies are cited to illustrate what has been done to advance this cause, and offer guidance to those decision-makers who similarly aspire to greater safety and security for the people and resources they manage.

Key Features

  • Addresses security at chemical plants, manufacturers, water utilities and other facilities utilizing and storing hazardous chemical
  • Provides practical suggestions and insightful case studies for green chemistry innovations from replacement processes and new technologies
  • Covers multiple important chemicals and categories, including: Chlorine, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), Phosgene, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfuric Acid, Ammonia, Benzene, Pesticides, and cleaning technologies

Readership

Chemists and chemical engineers interested in Green Chemistry, site safety and process improvement

Table of Contents

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  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 What Exactly is Green Chemistry?
    • 1.2 Recent Trends in Green Chemistry
  • Chapter 2. Accident Vulnerability and Terrorist Threats to the Chemical and Related Industries
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Chemicals Vulnerable to Terrorism or Accidents
  • Chapter 3. The Role of Green Chemistry in Reducing Risk
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Areas Where Green Chemistry Has Reduced Risk
    • 3.2 Tracking Tangible Changes through the Risk Management Planning Program
    • 3.3 Why Do Companies Choose Greener Chemicals or Processes?
    • 3.4 Costs Avoided with Safer Alternatives
  • Chapter 4. Case Studies—Green Chemistry in Practice
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Chlorine (Cl2)
    • 4.2 Hydrogen Cyanide
    • 4.3 HCN and Reducing Vulnerability of the Chemical Supply Chain
    • 4.4 Hydrogen Fluoride (Hydrofluoric Acid)
    • 4.5 Phosgene
    • 4.6 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
    • 4.7 Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
    • 4.8 Ammonia
    • 4.9 Methane (CH4) Conversion
    • 4.10 Solvents and Solvent Reduction
    • 4.11 Benzene (C6H6)
    • 4.12 Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4) and Toxic Organic Solvents
    • 4.13 A Safer Grignard Reagent
    • 4.14 Lower VOC Coatings
    • 4.15 Pesticides
    • 4.16 Alternative Cleaning Technologies
  • Conclusions
  • References

Details

No. of pages:
134
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780128042007
Paperback ISBN:
9780128041901

About the Author

Paul Anastas

Yale Center for Green Chemistry and Engineering, New Haven, CT, USA

David Hammond

Senior Scientist, Aquagy, Napa, CA, USA