Inhaled Particles and Vapours - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483213293, 9781483226729

Inhaled Particles and Vapours

1st Edition

Proceedings of an International Symposium Organized by the British Occupational Hygiene Society, Cambridge, 28 September — 1 October 1965

Editors: C. N. Davies
eBook ISBN: 9781483226729
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 620
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Description

Inhaled Particles and Vapors covers the proceedings of an International Symposium by the same title on September 28 – October 1, 1965, organized by the British Occupational Hygiene Society.

This book is organized into seven sections encompassing 48 chapters. Section I reviews the anatomy and physiology of human lung. Section II describes the pulmonary response to dust in terms of airway changes and reactions to silica. Sections III and IV deal with lung clearance in animals, the retention, penetration, and elimination of inhaled dusts, and lung deposition and clearance in human. Section V emphasizes the sources of dust inhaled by the human lungs, while Section VI discusses the relationship between pneumonoconiosis and dust exposure. Section VII presents the results of the investigations of dust exposure.

This book will prove useful to pulmonologists, toxicologists, and workers in the field of occupational health.

Table of Contents


Preface

Section I. Anatomy and Physiology

Utilisation du Chat dans l'Étude Expérimentale des Pneumoconioses

Discussion

Continuous Monitoring of Cardiopulmonary Parameters in Laboratory Animals

Fatty Acid Synthesis by Subcellular Fractions of Lung Tissue

Discussion

Mucociliary Particle Clearance in the Human Nose

Discussion

A Study of Volumes of Respired Air in Relation to Dust Exposures of Coal Miners

Discussion

An Intra-Pulmonary Route of Dust Elimination In Rats

Discussion

Section IIA. Pulmonary Response to Dust — Airway Changes

Location and Mechanism of Airway Constriction After Inhalation of Histamine Aerosol and Inorganic Sulfate Aerosol

Discussion

Histamine Release by Compound 48/80 and Textile Dusts from Lung Tissue in Vitro

The Effect of Cotton Dust on Respiratory Mechanics in Man and in Guinea Pigs

Discussion

Reaction of the Lungs to Various Broncho-Irritating Substances

Discussion

Section IIB. Pulmonary Response to Dust — Reactions to Silica

Tissue Reaction to Different Types of Amorphous Silica

Discussion

Silicotic Bronchiolitis Obliterans — A Focal Clearance Failure

Discussion

Some Biologically Active Substances Produced by the Action of Silica and their Possible Significance

Discussion

Observations on the Cytotoxic Action of Silica on Macrophages

Discussion

Section IIC. Pulmonary Response to Dust — Miscellaneous

The Pulmonary Response of Rats to Fluorspar Dust and Radiation

Tissue Reactions in Rat Lungs After Dust Inhalation

Discussion

Recherches Infrastructurales sur l'Évolution des Macrophages Alvéolaires et Leurs Réactions Aux Poussières Minérales

Discussion

Section III. Lung Clearance in Animals

Alveolar Clearance: Its Relation to Lesions of the Respiratory Bronchiole

Discussion

The Alveolar Clearance Mechanism of Retained Particles

Discussion

Short-Term Lung Clearance in Rabbits Exposed to a Radioactive Bidisperse (6 and 3 μ) Polystyrene Aerosol

Discussion

Comparison of Dust Retention in Specific Pathogen Free and Standard Rats

Discussion

Retention, Penetration And Elimination of Inhaled Dusts

Discussion

Mechanisms of Resistance To Bacterial Infection in the Lung

Discussion

Reactions of Alveolar Phagocytes to Aerosols During Short-Term Exposure to Dust

Discussion

Pulmonary Clearance of 59Fe203 and 51Cr2CO3 in Rats and Dogs Exposed to Cigarette Smoke

Discussion

Biological Studies Associated with a Field Release of Plutonium

Discussion

Non-Equilibrium Tissue Distributions of Uranium and Thorium Following Inhalation of Uranium Ore by Rats

Discussion

Ciliary Activity and Histologie Observations in the Trachea After Exposure to Ammonia and Carbon Particles

Section IV. Lung Deposition and Clearance in Man

A Study of the Retention and Subsequent Metabolism of Inhaled Methyl Iodide

Discussion

Regional Aerosol Deposition in the Human Respiratory Tract

Discussion

Deposition of Aerosols in the Human Respiratory Tract During Breath-Holding

Discussion

The Clearance of Dust from the Lower Respiratory Tract of Man. An Experimental Study

Discussion

The Clearance of Radioactive Particles from the Human Lung

Discussion

Section V. Dust in Human Lungs

Grain Size and Mineral Content of Lung Dust of Coal Miners Compared with Mine Dust

Discussion

Airborne Dust in Coal Mines: The Particle-Size-Selection Characteristics of the Lung and the Desirable Characteristics of Dust-Sampling Instruments

Discussion

Quantitative Studies of Dust Retention in Animal and Human Lungs After Chronic Inhalation

Discussion

Dust Content, Radiology and Pathology in Simple Pneumoconiosis of Coalworkers

Discussion

Fate of Submicronic Inhaled Dust in the Lungs

Section VI. The Relationship in Pneumoconiosis of Dost to Response

Pneumoconiosis and Dust Exposure — Results of an Investigation of Miners with a Definite Dust Exposure for Periods of 7 to 10 Years

Discussion

The Problem of Evaluating Human Response to the Inhalation of Coal Dust

Discussion

An Epidemiological Study of the Relationship Between the Amount of Dust Breathed and the Incidence of Silicosis in South African Gold Miners

Discussion

The National Coal Board's Pneumoconiosis

Field Research — An Interim Review

Discussion

Section VII. Evaluation of Dust Exposure

Motes and Fibers in the Air of Asbestos Processing Plants and Hygienic Criteria for Airborne Asbestos

Discussion

Investigations on the Suitability of Cyclones for the Selective Sampling of Respirable Fine Dusts

Discussion

The Relationship Between Measurements of Respirable Dust by Mass and by Number in British Coal Mines

Discussion

Size Distribution of Dust from Coal Mines and its Influence on the Results of Gravimetric Measuring Processes with and without Size Selection

Discussion

Untersuchungen an Einem Nach Teilchengrössen Geordneten Mischstaub im Atembaren Korngrössenbereich

Discussion

A Gravimetric Size-Selecting Personal Dust Sampler

Discussion

Registrations

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
620
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1967
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483226729

About the Editor

C. N. Davies