Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

1st Edition - January 19, 2012

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  • Editor: Agustin Alonso
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093776
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699734

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The potential development of any nuclear power programme should include a rigorous justification process reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information necessary for implementation, given the long term commitments involved in any new nuclear power project. Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes reviews the fundamental issues and approaches to nuclear power justification in countries considering nuclear new build or redevelopment.Part one covers the infrastructure requirements for any new nuclear power programme, with chapters detailing the role and responsibilities of government, regulatory bodies and nuclear operator and the need for human resources and technical capability at the national level. Part two focuses on issues relevant to the justification process, including nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency planning. Current designs and advanced reactors and radioactive waste management are also considered, along with the economic, social and environmental impacts of nuclear power development. Part three reviews the development of nuclear power programme, from nuclear power plant site selection and licensing, through construction and operation, and on to decommissioning. Finally, a series of valuable appendices detail the UK experience of justification, nuclear safety culture and training, and the multinational design evaluation programme (MDEP).With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes is an essential reference for international and national stakeholders in this field, particularly governmental, non-governmental and regulatory bodies, nuclear power operators and consultants.

Key Features

  • Offers a comprehensive analysis of the infrastructure and methodologies required to justify the creation of nuclear power programmes in any country
  • Provides coverage of the main issues and potential benefit linked to nuclear power
  • Reviews the implementation of a nuclear power programme with particular reference to the requirements and methods involved in construction


New entrants into nuclear technology and those countries wishing to renovate their nuclear fleets after a long moratorium in the construction of nuclear power plants.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Chapter 1: Overview of infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes


    1.1 The past, current and future phases in the development of nuclear power

    1.2 The main factors shaping the deployment of nuclear power

    1.3 The bases for the development of nuclear power

    1.4 Conclusion

    Part I: Infrastructure of nuclear power programmes

    Chapter 2: The lifecycle of a nuclear power plant


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Overview of the complete nuclear fuel cycle

    2.3 Overview of the nuclear power plant lifecycle

    2.4 Requirements for new nuclear power plants

    2.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 3: The role of government in establishing the framework for nuclear power programmes


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Role of government in the justification process

    3.3 International requirements

    3.4 Knowledge management

    3.5 Regulatory requirements

    3.6 New entrants

    3.7 Future trends

    Chapter 4: Regulatory requirements and practices in nuclear power programmes


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Basic characteristics of regulatory organizations

    4.3 Creation, authority, responsibilities and competence of the regulatory body

    4.4 Development, functions and management system of the regulatory body

    4.5 Development of the regulatory framework and approaches

    4.6 The regulatory function: development of a regulatory pyramid

    4.7 Development of the licensing process and major regulatory activities during the licensing process

    4.8 The compliance function: verification and oversight during construction and operation

    4.9 The enforcement function

    4.10 Regulatory transparency and openness, and the relationship with the operating organization and other stakeholders

    4.11 Regulatory support and research

    4.12 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Responsibilities of the nuclear operator in nuclear power programmes


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The responsibilities of the nuclear operator

    5.3 The means to enact responsibilities and enhance leadership effectiveness

    5.4 Responsibilities of the operator in the lifecycle of a nuclear power plant

    5.5 Importance of organisations for safe operation

    5.6 Building and maintaining an operations organisation

    5.7 Monitoring and evaluating organisational effectiveness

    5.8 Maintaining organisations

    5.9 Basis for safe operation

    5.10 Engineering support and design authority

    Chapter 6: The need for human resources in nuclear power programmes


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Human resource requirements of the nuclear stakeholders

    6.3 High-level nuclear education programmes

    6.4 Changing specialization requirements in the nuclear power plant lifecycle

    6.5 International experience

    6.6 Initial and sustained training programmes

    6.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 7: National technical capability development in nuclear power programmes


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Establishing the foundation for national technical development

    7.3 Understanding the nuclear power plant (NPP) design

    7.4 National participation in siting

    7.5 National participation in design, equipment manufacture and construction

    7.6 Plant commissioning

    7.7 Plant operation

    7.8 Longer-term operation and management

    7.9 Decommissioning

    7.11 Acknowledgements

    Part II: Justification of nuclear power programmes

    Chapter 8: Application of the justification principle to nuclear power development


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The ethics of the justification principle

    8.3 The justification process

    8.4 The terms of the justification equation

    8.5 The benefits of nuclear energy

    8.6 Risks and detriments of nuclear energy

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Available and advanced nuclear technologies for nuclear power programs


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Classification of advanced nuclear reactors

    9.3 Key advances in technology

    9.4 Advanced nuclear reactor designs

    9.5 Non-electrical applications

    9.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 10: Nuclear safety in nuclear power programs


    10.1 Introduction

    Chapter 11: Radiation protection in nuclear power programmes


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Radiation doses

    11.3 Biological effects of radiation

    11.4 Attributability of risks and potential health effects to nuclear power plants (NPPs)

    11.5 Radiation protection paradigm

    11.6 Potential exposures

    11.7 Radiation safety standards

    11.8 Occupational protection at nuclear power plants (NPPs)

    11.9 Public protection at nuclear power plants (NPPs): controlling discharges into the environment

    Chapter 12: Emergency planning in nuclear power programmes


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Need for emergency planning as the last barrier of defence and mitigation of the radiological consequences of potential accidents

    12.3 International conventions and standards on emergency planning

    12.4 Responsible organizations

    12.5 Emergency management

    12.6 Emergency drills and exercises

    12.7 Emergency coordination centres

    Chapter 13: Non-proliferation safeguards in nuclear power programmes


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

    13.3 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and international safeguards

    13.4 Non-proliferation responsibilities

    13.5 Transparency during a nuclear renaissance

    13.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 14: Spent fuel and radioactive waste management in nuclear power programmes


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Policies and strategies for management of spent fuel and radioactive waste

    14.3 Radioactive waste from nuclear power production

    14.4 Management systems for spent nuclear fuel

    14.5 Management of low- and intermediate-level waste

    14.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 15: The economics of nuclear power: past, present and future aspects


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Economics today and tomorrow

    15.3 Levelized cost of electricity generation

    15.4 Risks and uncertainties

    15.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: Social impacts and public perception of nuclear power


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Social impacts at both national and local levels

    16.3 Public perception of nuclear power

    16.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 17: Environmental impacts and assessment in nuclear power programmes


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Environmental protection

    17.3 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

    17.4 Land planning for new nuclear

    17.5 Key controls on environmental impacts

    17.6 Overlap with other regulatory controls

    17.7 Conclusions

    17.8 Future trends

    Part III: Development of nuclear power programmes

    Chapter 18: Site selection and evaluation for nuclear power plants (NPPs)


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Schematic approach to site selection

    18.3 Basic safety principles applicable to nuclear power plant (NPP) siting

    18.4 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) requirements and safety guides on nuclear power plant siting

    18.5 Consideration of the feasibility of an emergency plan

    18.6 Demographic requirements and site parameters developed and applied by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    Chapter 19: Bid invitation in nuclear power plant procurement


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Contracting approach and bid invitation specifications

    19.3 Basis for preparation of the bid invitation specifi cations

    19.4 Purpose, structure and contents

    19.5 Letter of invitation

    19.6 Instructions to bidders

    19.7 Scope of supply

    19.8 Technical requirements

    19.9 Project implementation

    19.10 Technical data sheets

    19.11 Draft contract

    19.12 Commercial conditions

    19.13 Financing requirements

    Chapter 20: Licensing for nuclear power plant siting, construction and operation


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 The need for licensing

    20.3 Licensing application and supporting technical documents

    20.4 Safety review of licensing applications and license requirements

    20.5 Licensee activities during design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning

    20.6 Regulatory compliance during design, construction, commissioning and operation

    20.7 Licensing of a country’s first nuclear power plant

    20.8 Acknowledgements

    20.10 Appendix: Examples of licensing systems

    Chapter 21: Quality assurance during design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants


    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Definitions

    21.3 Quality assurance criteria

    21.4 Quality assurance during design

    21.5 Quality assurance during construction

    21.6 Quality assurance during commissioning

    21.7 Quality assurance during operation

    21.8 Assessment

    21.9 Human resources

    21.10 Sources of further information and advice

    21.12 Appendix: list of abbreviations and acronyms.

    Chapter 22: Commissioning of nuclear power plants (NPPs)


    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Codes, standards and other requirements for the commissioning of nuclear power plants (NPPs)

    22.3 Commissioning programme and stages of commissioning

    22.4 Pre-operational tests

    22.5 Nuclear commissioning

    22.6 Roles and responsibilities during commissioning

    22.7 Commissioning organization and management

    22.8 Commissioning procedures

    22.9 Test procedures

    22.10 Qualification requirements for commissioning personnel and other human factors

    22.11 Safety management and development of a safety culture

    22.12 Recording and analysis of tests

    22.13 Documentation

    22.14 International experience

    Chapter 23: Operational safety of nuclear power plants


    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) requirements for nuclear power plant (NPP) operation

    23.3 Management, organization and administration of nuclear power plants (NPPs)

    23.4 Training and qualification

    23.5 Operations

    23.6 Maintenance

    23.7 Technical support

    23.8 Operational experience feedback (OEF)

    23.9 Radiation protection

    23.10 Chemistry

    23.11 Emergency planning and preparedness

    23.12 Operational Safety Review Team (OSART)

    23.13 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 24: Decommissioning of nuclear power plants (NPPs)


    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Brief history of the development of decommissioning

    24.3 Development of decommissioning cost- estimating methodologies

    24.4 Development of long-term planning for decommissioning

    24.5 Decommissioning technologies and research and development

    24.6 Overview of the decommissioning phase of a nuclear power plant (NPP) lifecycle

    24.7 Management of decommissioning waste and the recycling of materials

    24.8 International experience

    24.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Part IV: Appendices

    Appendix 1: The justification test for new nuclear power development: United Kingdom experience


    A1.1 International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and origins

    A1.2 European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) legislation and European Court of Justice and UK case law on justification

    A1.3 UK regulations

    A1.4 Application of justification test to nuclear new build proposals

    A1.5 Conclusions

    Appendix 2: Nuclear safety culture: management, assessment and improvement of individual behaviour


    A2.1 Introduction

    A2.2 Definitions

    A2.3 The organization

    A2.4 Assessing the stage of developmentof safety culture

    A2.5 Identifying the lack of safety culture

    A2.6 Improvement of safety culture

    A2.7 Conclusion

    Appendix 3: Nuclear installation safety: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) training programmes, materials and resources


    A3.1 Background and introduction

    A3.2 Building competence and effectiveness of training

    A3.3 Training of leaders for safety, emerging regulators

    A3.4 Challenges for building sustainable competence systems

    A3.5 IAEA training materials and related resources

    A3.6 IAEA training resources on the Web

    A3.7 The IAEA interdepartmental group on training and Web-based training resources

    A3.8 Regional cooperation, knowledge networks and harmonized approach to training management

    A3.9 Conclusions and recommendations for efficient and sustainable training systems to build competence

    A3.10 Acknowledgements

    A3.12 List of abbreviations and acronyms

    A3.13 Annex: Four quadrants competencies model based on TECDOC 1254 and SARCoN guidelines

    Appendix 4: Simulator training for nuclear power plant control room personnel


    A4.1 Reasons for simulator training

    A4.2 Deciding who should be trained in full-scope simulators

    A4.3 Operating scenarios for training

    A4.4 Competencies to be acquired

    A4.5 Defining good simulator training

    A4.6 Requirements for simulators

    A4.7 Other applications for training simulators

    A4.8 Conclusion

    Appendix 5: Multinational Design Evaluation Programme (MDEP): multilateral cooperation in nuclear regulation and new reactor design


    A5.1 Introduction

    A5.2 Programme goals and outcomes

    A5.3 Programme implementation

    A5.4 Current activities

    A5.5 Interim results

    A5.6 Future trends


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1024
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: January 19, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093776
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699734

About the Editor

Agustin Alonso

Agustín Alonso is Emeritus Professor and Chair of Nuclear Technology at Madrid Polytechnic University, Spain, and serves on the IAEA’s International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG).

Affiliations and Expertise

Madrid Polytechnic University, Spain

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