Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Lunar and Terrestrial Minerals

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Lunar and Terrestrial Minerals

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Editor: Clarence Karr
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273662

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Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Lunar and Terrestrial Minerals makes available in a single reference work original descriptions and summaries of the research on infrared and Raman spectroscopy of lunar and terrestrial minerals so that this information will be readily available not only to those researchers in the continuing programs on lunar samples from the completed Apollo series and on the remote sensing of solar system objects, but, in particular, to that much larger group of researchers in government, industry, and universities involved in the many programs on terrestrial minerals and earth sciences by remote sensing. The chapters in this volume are arranged according to spectroscopic technique and/or frequency range rather than application. Thus there are chapters on visible and near-infrared, followed by those on mid-infrared, far-infrared, and Raman spectroscopy. Applications are roughly divided between lunar and terrestrial, although the broad range of interchangeability of applications is obvious in many instances. There are also chapters on remote sensing of space targets and earth sciences; on lunar mineralogy and terrestrial mineralogy and geology; and on structures of lunar minerals and structures of terrestrial minerals.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 Absorption Spectroscopy of Ionic and Molecular Units in Crystals and Glasses

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Background: Ti3+

    III. Iron

    IV. Charge-Transfer Bands

    V. Water and Hydroxide

    VI. Spectroscopy at Low Temperatures

    VII. Spectroscopy at High Pressures


    2 Polarized Electronic Spectra

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimentation and Theory

    III. Spectra of Individual Transition Metal Ions

    IV. Spectra of Lunar Minerals

    V. Applications to Lunar Science


    3 Luminescence of Minerals in the Near-Infrared

    I. Introduction

    II. Crystal Field Considerations

    III. Crystalline Solids Showing IR Luminescence

    IV. Applications


    4 Interpretation of Visible and Near-Infrared Diffuse Reflectance Spectra of Pyroxenes and Other Rock-Forming Minerals

    I. Introduction

    II. Background

    III. Reflectance Spectra of Rock-Forming Minerals

    IV. Uniqueness of Mineral Absorption Bands


    5 The Use of Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy in Remote Sensing of Space Targets

    I. Introduction

    II. Vibrational Spectra of Inorganic Solids

    III. Optical Behavior of Fine Particles

    IV. Emission Spectra of Particulate Materials

    V. Analysis of Effect of Experimental Parameters on Emission Behavior

    VI. Spectra of Rocks: A Diagnostic Test

    VII. Lunar Data: Comparison with Laboratory Standards

    VIII. Remote Sensing of a Planet with an Atmosphere: Martian Application


    6 Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer to Earth Sciences

    I. Introduction

    II. Remote Sensing

    III. Radiative Transfer

    IV. Calculation of Particle Absorption and Scattering Cross-Sections

    V. Comparison of the Theory with Experimental Results for the Case of Powders

    VI. The Inverse Problem


    7 Reflectance and Emittance of Terrain in the Mid-Infrared (6-25 y m ) Region

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Research

    III. Field Studies

    IV. Conclusions


    8 Selected Terrestrial Minerals and Their Infrared Absorption Spectral Data (4000-300 cm-1)

    I. Introduction

    II. Uses of Infrared Absorption Analyses

    III. Results and Discussion

    IV. Summary


    9 Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of Minerals

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental

    III. Factors Influencing the Far-Infrared Region for Minerals

    IV. Nesosilicates: Olivines

    V. Chain Silicates: Pyroxenes

    VI. Framework Silicates: Feldspars

    VII. Carbonates: Calcite Group Minerals


    10 Far-Infrared Observation of Lunar Rock

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Procedure and Results

    III. Discussion


    11 Elastic and Inelastic Light Scattering Spectra of Lunar Rocks and Soils

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental

    III. Data Analysis

    IV. Discussion and Results


    12 Raman Spectroscopy of Terrestrial Minerals

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles and Practice of Raman Spectroscopy

    III. Special Applications of the Raman Effect

    IV. Survey of Published Data on the Raman Spectra of Minerals

    V. Conclusions: Further Work


    13 Structural Interpretation of Lunar and Terrestrial Minerals by Raman Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Relation of Structure and Spectra

    III. Complex Silicates

    IV. Structural Order

    V. Characterization of Nucleation and Crystallization


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 390
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273662

About the Editor

Clarence Karr

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