Information Technology

Information Technology

Made Simple

1st Edition - July 15, 1991

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  • Author: Roger Carter
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483105239

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Description

Information Technology: Made Simple covers the full range of information technology topics, including more traditional subjects such as programming languages, data processing, and systems analysis. The book discusses information revolution, including topics about microchips, information processing operations, analog and digital systems, information processing system, and systems analysis. The text also describes computers, computer hardware, microprocessors, and microcomputers. The peripheral devices connected to the central processing unit; the main types of system software; application software; and graphics and multimedia are also considered. The book tackles equipment, software, and procedures involved in computer communications; available telecommunications services; and data and transaction processing. The text also presents topics about computer-integrated manufacturing; the technology of information processing and its business applications; and the impact of this technology on society in general. Students taking computer and information technology courses will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 The Information Revolution

    1.1 The New Age

    1.2 How the Information Revolution Began

    1.3 The Impact of Microchips

    1.4 The Information Explosion

    1.5 The Information Factory

    1.6 The Information Processing Operations

    1.7 Definition of Information Technology

    1.8 Applications of IT

    1.9 Analogue and Digital Systems

    1.10 Systems Theory

    1.11 Output Standards

    1.12 The Information Processing System

    1.13 Sub-Optimization

    1.14 System Boundaries

    1.15 Systems Analysis

    2 Computers

    2.1 What is a Computer?

    2.2 Computer Hardware

    2.3 Microprocessors

    2.4 How a Microprocessor Handles Information

    2.5 Binary Numbers

    2.6 Microprocessors and Logic

    2.7 The AND Operator

    2.8 The AND Gate

    2.9 The OR Operator

    2.10 The NOT Operator

    2.11 Combining Logical Operators

    2.12 Arithmetic and Logic

    2.13 Logic Circuits

    2.14 Microprocessors and Computers

    2.15 The Z80 Microprocessor

    2.16 The 680x0 Family of Microprocessors

    2.17 The 80x86 Family of Microprocessors

    2.18 RISC Microprocessors

    2.19 The Transputer

    2.20 Neural Networks

    2.21 Digital Signal Processors

    2.22 Processing Speeds

    2.23 Computer Memory

    2.24 Random Access Memory

    2.25 Read Only Memory

    2.26 The Memory Map

    2.27 Types of Computer

    2.28 Computer Generations

    2.29 The Evolution of the Personal Computer

    2.30 The IBM PC

    2.31 The Clones and the Add-Ons

    2.32 The IBM AT

    2.33 The Apple Macintosh

    2.34 The IBM PS/2

    2.35 Portable Computers

    2.36 Computer Buses

    3 Peripherals

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Input Devices

    3.3 The Keyboard

    3.4 The Mouse

    3.5 Character-Recognition Devices

    3.6 The Microphone

    3.7 Video Cameras and Scanners

    3.8 Other Input Devices

    3.9 Storage Devices

    3.10 Floppy Disks

    3.11 Hard Disks

    3.12 Optical (Compact) Discs

    3.13 Output Devices - Monitors

    3.14 Cathode Ray Tubes

    3.15 Flat Screens

    3.16 Output Devices - Printers

    3.17 Dot Matrix Printers

    3.18 Ink-Jet Printers

    3.19 Daisy Wheel Printers

    3.20 Laser Printers

    3.21 Plotters

    3.22 Communications Devices and Connectivity

    4 Languages and Programs

    4.1 The Importance of Software

    4.2 What is Software?

    4.3 How Software Works

    4.4 Programming Languages

    4.5 FORTRAN

    4.6 BASIC

    4.7 COBOL

    4.8 PROLOG

    4.9 Fourth Generation Programming Languages

    4.10 Program Generators

    4.11 Programming

    4.12 Structured Programming

    4.13 Flowcharts

    4.14 A BASIC Program

    4.15 A Structured Program

    5 System Software

    5.1 What is System Software?

    5.2 Operating Systems

    5.3 How the Operating System Organizes the Disk

    5.4 Directories

    5.5 Naming Files

    5.6 Operating System Commands

    5.7 Setting the Current Drive

    5.8 Displaying the Contents of a Directory

    5.9 Changing Directories

    5.10 Changing to the Root Directory

    5.11 Renaming, Copying, and Deleting Files

    5.12 Wildcards

    5.13 Making and Removing Directories

    5.14 Operating Environments

    5.15 GEM

    5.16 Running Applications Within the Mac/GEM Environments

    5.17 Windows

    5.18 Other Environments for PCs

    5.19 Utilities

    6 Application Software

    6.1 What is an Application Package?

    6.2 The Main Application Areas

    6.3 Features of Application Packages

    6.4 Macro Languages

    6.5 Example of an Application Package

    6.6 Office Automation Software

    6.7 Database Software

    6.8 Client/Server Database Architecture

    6.9 Record-Keeping Concepts

    6.10 Record-Keeping Tasks

    6.11 Database Applications

    6.12 Spreadsheet Software

    6.13 Spreadsheet Concepts

    6.14 Moving around The Worksheet

    6.15 Spreadsheet Tasks

    6.16 Spreadsheets and Databases Compared

    6.17 Spreadsheet Applications

    6.18 Word Processing and Desktop Publishing

    6.19 Word Processing Concepts

    6.20 Word Processing Tasks

    6.21 WP Applications

    6.22 Personal Productivity Software

    6.23 Ideas Organizers

    6.24 Expert Systems

    6.25 Expert Systems for Business

    6.26 Project Planning

    7 Graphics and Multimedia

    7.1 Graphics

    7.2 Painting Software

    7.3 Drawing Software

    7.4 Wordchart Software

    7.5 Graphing Software

    7.6 Presentation Software

    7.7 Desktop Publishing

    7.8 DTP and Typesetting Compared

    7.9 Hypermedia Programs

    7.10 Computer Animation Programs

    7.11 Multimedia Applications

    7.12 Interactive Video

    7.13 Videodisc

    7.14 Compact Discs

    7.15 Compact Disc for Multimedia Applications

    7.16 Data Compression

    7.17 Virtual Reality Systems

    8 Computer Communications

    8.1 What is Computer Communications?

    8.2 Communications Concepts

    8.3 Hardware and Software

    8.4 Communications Software

    8.5 Modems

    8.6 Local Area Networks

    8.7 Telecommunications

    8.8 Circuit Switching and Packet Switching

    8.9 The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model

    8.10 Telecommunications Services

    8.11 Telephone

    8.12 Cellular Radio

    8.13 Telex

    8.14 Teletex

    8.15 Facsimile

    8.16 Videophones and Videoconferencing

    8.17 On-Line Databases and Bulletin Boards

    8.18 Compuserve

    8.19 Electronic Data Interchange

    9 Data Processing

    9.1 What is Data Processing?

    9.2 Plan of this Chapter

    9.3 Data Processing Operations

    9.4 Advantages of Computer Data Processing

    9.5 Disadvantages of Computer Data Processing

    9.6 Coding Systems

    9.7 Accuracy Control

    9.8 Data Validation Methods

    9.9 Data Verification Methods

    9.10 Files

    9.11 Processing Methods

    9.12 Accessing Methods

    9.13 Data Processing Activities

    9.14 Organizing Data Processing

    9.15 Decentralized DP, Using Manual Methods

    9.16 Centralized DP, Using Computers

    9.17 Decentralized DP, Using Computers

    9.18 Bureau Processing

    9.19 Multiprogramming

    9.20 The Data Processing Department

    9.21 Systems Analysis

    9.22 The Systems Project

    9.23 The Feasibility Study

    9.24 Computerizing The Subsystems

    9.25 Integrating the Subsystems

    9.26 Security

    10 Computer-Integrated Manufacturing

    10.1 What is Computer-Integrated Manufacturing?

    10.2 The Evolution of Manufacturing Technology

    10.3 The Impact of CIM

    10.4 DP and CIM

    10.5 The Benefits of Factory Automation

    10.6 Creating the Integrated Factory

    10.7 Controlling the Integrated Factory

    10.8 Manufacturing Resources Planning

    10.9 Computer-Aided Design

    10.10 Computer-Aided Manufacture

    10.11 Flexible Manufacturing Systems

    11 IT and Society

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 IT and Employment

    11.3 IT and Employment Patterns

    11.4 IT and Job Content

    11.5 IT and Training

    11.6 IT and the High Street

    11.7 IT and the Home

    11.8 IT and the Arts

    11.9 IT and Privacy

    11.10 IT and National Security

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 268
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Made Simple 1991
  • Published: July 15, 1991
  • Imprint: Made Simple
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483105239

About the Author

Roger Carter

Affiliations and Expertise

Buckinghamshire College

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