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Information Sources in Science and Technology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780408014670, 9781483163024

Information Sources in Science and Technology

2nd Edition

A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use

Authors: C. C. Parker R. V. Turley
eBook ISBN: 9781483163024
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1986
Page Count: 336
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Information Sources in Science and Technology: A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use presents a selection of traditional and online methods of using information sources in science and technology, including people, organizations, literature, hosts, and databases. This text serves as a reference book that helps the reader choose sources of information and their guides, includes a routine for finding and using information, and offers tips on searching and obtaining literature in a usable form. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins by explaining how to choose type(s) of information source that is likely to be most helpful. The chapters that follow present guides on people, organizations, and literature as sources of information. A chapter on information services focuses on those organizations that supply information or references to information that could be helpful. These services range from answering telephone queries to supplying collections of relevant documents, and from broadcast television information to direct connection with computer databases. The next chapters discuss ways of searching the literature and computer databases, obtaining literature in a usable form, and organizing and presenting information. This book concludes by considering current awareness or keeping up-to-date with information about recent developments. This monograph is intended for librarians and information officers, especially for those working in scientific or industrial environments, practicing scientists and engineers, and students associated with these professions.

Table of Contents

How to Use this Book

A Routine for Finding and Using Information

Defining the Problem

Choosing Sources of Information and Their Guides

Types of Source

Access to Sources

Guides to Sources

Chart 1. Information Sources and Guides versus Coverage

Chart 2. Routes from Guides to Sources of Information

Chart 3. Information Required versus Sources and Guides


Guides to People


Commercial Organizations

Guides to Commercial Organizations

Educational Organizations

Guides to Educational Organizations

Official Organizations

Guides to Official Organizations

Professional and Research Organizations

Guides to Professional and Research Organizations

The Literature

Structure of Scientific and Technical Literature

Use of the Literature (Summary)

Guides to the Literature

General Guides

Subject Guides

Abstracting and Indexing Journals

Guides to Abstracting and Indexing Journals

Chart 4. Subject Coverage of Some Better-Known Abstracting and Indexing Journals


General Bibliographies

Subject Bibliographies

Guides to Bibliographies


Guides to Books

Conference Proceedings

Guides to Conference Proceedings

Government Publications

Guides to Government Publications

Journal Articles

Guides to Journal Articles

Newspapers and Newspaper Articles

Guides to Newspapers and Newspaper Articles

Patents, Trade Marks, Trade Names and Industrial Designs

UK Patent Specifications

Non-UK Patents

Guides to Patents (Printed and Online)

Chart 5. Searching for Information in UK Patents

Why and How to Apply for a UK Patent

Chart 6. A Simplified Guide to the UK Patenting Process

Trade Marks and Guides

Trade Names and Guides

Industrial Designs and Guides


Guides to Periodicals

Reference Material

Data Compilations





Mathematical Tables


Guides to Reference Material


Guides to Reports

Reviews and Review Serials

Guides to Reviews and Review Serials


Guides to Standards

Theses and Dissertations

Guides to Theses and Dissertations

Trade Literature

Guides to Trade Literature

Information Services

Computerized Information Services

Online Information Services

Chart 7. Online Information Services in Outline

Databases, Databanks, Files and Their Producers

Choosing Databases

Hosts, Service Suppliers, Vendors and Spinners

Choosing Hosts

Chart 8. Popular Large Databases versus Hosts for Online Searching

Setting up an Online Information Service

Why Go Online?

How to Get Online




Chart 9. Telecommunications Links for Online Access

Agreements with Hosts

A Typical Online Session

Sample Searches

Publicizing the Service

Running the Service

Advice, Guidance and Training


The Future

Information Bureaux, Brokers and Other Services

Regional Services, Cooperatives and Networks

Videotex Services

Information Transmission Systems

Guides to Information Services and Suppliers

Chart 10. Subject Specialities of Selected Online Databases

Searching: The Literature and Computer Databases

General Principles

Choosing Search Terms

Manual versus Computer Searching

Literature Searching

The plan of Action


Choosing which Sections to Search

Choosing Search Terms

Searching Procedures

Recording What You Do and What You Find

Computer Database Searching

The Plan of Action


Choosing which Fields to Search

Choosing Search Terms

Searching Procedures

Recording and Preserving Searches

Guides to Searching

Interpretation of References

Obtaining Literature in a Usable Form

Library Systems and Service

Using a Library


Classification Schemes

Chart 11. Synopses of Library Classification Schemes Covering the Two Main Areas of Interest to Scientists and Engineers

Library Facilities and Services

Inter-Library Loans




Principal Libraries in the UK

British Library Science Reference and Information Service (SRIS)

British Library Document Supply Center (BLDSC)

Guides to Libraries

Guides to the Book Trade

Organizing and Presenting Information


Gathering and Recording Information

Evaluating References

Storing References

Reference Extension

Evaluating Documents

Storing Documents

Communicating Information

Report Writing

Giving a Lecture

Current Awareness

Scanning Current Literature

Current-Awareness Publications

Invisible Colleges

Conferences (Symposia, Seminars, Meetings), Exhibitions etc.

Guides to Conferences, Exhibitions, etc.


Appendix: Helping the Library User

Personal Assistance

Library Signposting

Library Guides

Point-of-Use Guidance

Library Talks and Tours

Library Courses and Exercises

Audiovisual Aids

Computer-Assisted Instruction

Further Reading



No. of pages:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1986
1st January 1986
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

C. C. Parker

R. V. Turley

Ratings and Reviews