Information Sources in Science and Technology

Information Sources in Science and Technology

A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use

2nd Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Authors: C. C. Parker, R. V. Turley
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163024

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Information Sources in Science and Technology: A Practical Guide to Traditional and Online Use presents a selection of traditional and online methods of using information sources in science and technology, including people, organizations, literature, hosts, and databases. This text serves as a reference book that helps the reader choose sources of information and their guides, includes a routine for finding and using information, and offers tips on searching and obtaining literature in a usable form. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins by explaining how to choose type(s) of information source that is likely to be most helpful. The chapters that follow present guides on people, organizations, and literature as sources of information. A chapter on information services focuses on those organizations that supply information or references to information that could be helpful. These services range from answering telephone queries to supplying collections of relevant documents, and from broadcast television information to direct connection with computer databases. The next chapters discuss ways of searching the literature and computer databases, obtaining literature in a usable form, and organizing and presenting information. This book concludes by considering current awareness or keeping up-to-date with information about recent developments. This monograph is intended for librarians and information officers, especially for those working in scientific or industrial environments, practicing scientists and engineers, and students associated with these professions.

Table of Contents

  • How to Use this Book

    A Routine for Finding and Using Information

    Defining the Problem

    Choosing Sources of Information and Their Guides

    Types of Source

    Access to Sources

    Guides to Sources

    Chart 1. Information Sources and Guides versus Coverage

    Chart 2. Routes from Guides to Sources of Information

    Chart 3. Information Required versus Sources and Guides


    Guides to People


    Commercial Organizations

    Guides to Commercial Organizations

    Educational Organizations

    Guides to Educational Organizations

    Official Organizations

    Guides to Official Organizations

    Professional and Research Organizations

    Guides to Professional and Research Organizations

    The Literature

    Structure of Scientific and Technical Literature

    Use of the Literature (Summary)

    Guides to the Literature

    General Guides

    Subject Guides

    Abstracting and Indexing Journals

    Guides to Abstracting and Indexing Journals

    Chart 4. Subject Coverage of Some Better-Known Abstracting and Indexing Journals


    General Bibliographies

    Subject Bibliographies

    Guides to Bibliographies


    Guides to Books

    Conference Proceedings

    Guides to Conference Proceedings

    Government Publications

    Guides to Government Publications

    Journal Articles

    Guides to Journal Articles

    Newspapers and Newspaper Articles

    Guides to Newspapers and Newspaper Articles

    Patents, Trade Marks, Trade Names and Industrial Designs

    UK Patent Specifications

    Non-UK Patents

    Guides to Patents (Printed and Online)

    Chart 5. Searching for Information in UK Patents

    Why and How to Apply for a UK Patent

    Chart 6. A Simplified Guide to the UK Patenting Process

    Trade Marks and Guides

    Trade Names and Guides

    Industrial Designs and Guides


    Guides to Periodicals

    Reference Material

    Data Compilations





    Mathematical Tables


    Guides to Reference Material


    Guides to Reports

    Reviews and Review Serials

    Guides to Reviews and Review Serials


    Guides to Standards

    Theses and Dissertations

    Guides to Theses and Dissertations

    Trade Literature

    Guides to Trade Literature

    Information Services

    Computerized Information Services

    Online Information Services

    Chart 7. Online Information Services in Outline

    Databases, Databanks, Files and Their Producers

    Choosing Databases

    Hosts, Service Suppliers, Vendors and Spinners

    Choosing Hosts

    Chart 8. Popular Large Databases versus Hosts for Online Searching

    Setting up an Online Information Service

    Why Go Online?

    How to Get Online




    Chart 9. Telecommunications Links for Online Access

    Agreements with Hosts

    A Typical Online Session

    Sample Searches

    Publicizing the Service

    Running the Service

    Advice, Guidance and Training


    The Future

    Information Bureaux, Brokers and Other Services

    Regional Services, Cooperatives and Networks

    Videotex Services

    Information Transmission Systems

    Guides to Information Services and Suppliers

    Chart 10. Subject Specialities of Selected Online Databases

    Searching: The Literature and Computer Databases

    General Principles

    Choosing Search Terms

    Manual versus Computer Searching

    Literature Searching

    The plan of Action


    Choosing which Sections to Search

    Choosing Search Terms

    Searching Procedures

    Recording What You Do and What You Find

    Computer Database Searching

    The Plan of Action


    Choosing which Fields to Search

    Choosing Search Terms

    Searching Procedures

    Recording and Preserving Searches

    Guides to Searching

    Interpretation of References

    Obtaining Literature in a Usable Form

    Library Systems and Service

    Using a Library


    Classification Schemes

    Chart 11. Synopses of Library Classification Schemes Covering the Two Main Areas of Interest to Scientists and Engineers

    Library Facilities and Services

    Inter-Library Loans




    Principal Libraries in the UK

    British Library Science Reference and Information Service (SRIS)

    British Library Document Supply Center (BLDSC)

    Guides to Libraries

    Guides to the Book Trade

    Organizing and Presenting Information


    Gathering and Recording Information

    Evaluating References

    Storing References

    Reference Extension

    Evaluating Documents

    Storing Documents

    Communicating Information

    Report Writing

    Giving a Lecture

    Current Awareness

    Scanning Current Literature

    Current-Awareness Publications

    Invisible Colleges

    Conferences (Symposia, Seminars, Meetings), Exhibitions etc.

    Guides to Conferences, Exhibitions, etc.


    Appendix: Helping the Library User

    Personal Assistance

    Library Signposting

    Library Guides

    Point-of-Use Guidance

    Library Talks and Tours

    Library Courses and Exercises

    Audiovisual Aids

    Computer-Assisted Instruction

    Further Reading


Product details

  • No. of pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163024

About the Authors

C. C. Parker

R. V. Turley

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