Information Processing in Children

Information Processing in Children

The Seventh of an Annual Series of Symposia in the Area of Cognition under the Sponsorship of Carnegie-Mellon University

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: Sylvia Farnham-Diggory
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268804

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Description

Information Processing in Children is a collection of papers from the Seventh Annual Series of Symposia in the Area of Cognition. This collection discusses developmental data that are important to a complete theory of human information process and describes information-processing technologies used in developmental function studies. One paper reviews the developments in information processing in children that includes descriptions of the sensory system, intermodal connections, short- and long-term memory. Several papers also discuss developments in the basic mechanisms, such as those relating to perceptual phenomena, equivalence systems, and memory strategies. Several papers then deal with psychological considerations in building a model to cognitive development and learning. An example pertains to information processing tendencies in empirical studies and theoretical implications for cognitive learning abilities. One paper then discusses computer simulation, while another reviews papers written by Cellerier, as well as by Klahr and Wallace, which tackle the role of simulation in developmental research. This compendium can prove helpful for child psychologists, counselors, pediatricians, and child educators and teachers.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I Overview

    Chapter 1. On the Development of the Processor

    The Sensory System

    Short-Term Memory

    Long-Term Memory

    Intermodal Connections

    Attention

    Strategies and Programs

    The Nature of Explanation

    Explanation by Synthesis

    Conclusion

    Part II Basic mechanisms

    Chapter 2. Perceptual Development: A Progress Report

    Stimulus Determinants of Type I Phenomena

    Classification of Illusion Phenomena

    Cognition and Type II Phenomena

    Chapter 3. The Development of Equivalence Systems

    Reply to Simon

    Chapter 4. Strategies for Remembering

    Selective Attention and Memory

    Mediation and Memory

    Conclusions and Implications

    Reply to Simon

    Part III Building a Model-Psychological Considerations

    Chapter 5. Rules and Repertoires, Rituals and Tricks of the Trade: Social and Informational Aspects to Cognitive and Representational Development

    Representational Tasks-Finding Equivalents

    Favored Properties and Signs

    Grounds for Such Labels as "Right" or "Excess"

    Representational Tasks: Lawfulness in the Equivalents Children Produce

    The General Course of Cognitive Development

    Chapter 6A. Information Processing Tendencies in Recent Experiments in Cognitive Learning—Empirical Studies

    Chapter 6B. Information Processing Tendencies in Recent Experiments in Cognitive Learning—Theoretical Implications

    Chapter 7. A Note on Process-Structure Distinctions in Developmental Psychology

    The Material-Activity Distinction

    Program-Data Distinction

    The Interpreter-Language Distinction

    The Grammar-Recognizer Distinction

    Competence-Performance Distinction

    Process and Structure in Development

    Conclusion

    Part IV Computer Simulation

    Chapter 8. Class Inclusion Processes

    Theoretical Views

    Empirical Studies

    Causes of Failure

    An Information Processing Approach

    Representation

    Fundamental Processes

    Task Specific Routines

    Production Systems for Developmental Stages

    A Production System for "More"

    Quantification Operators

    Counting

    Interpretation of CI Procedures

    Effects of Training Procedures

    Transition

    Part V Final Comment

    Chapter 9. The Child's Conception of the Experimenter

    To Simulate or Not to Simulate?

    Counting and Ordering

    Language and Social Convention

    Chapter 10. Reply to Hayes: On the Value of Theoretical Precision

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 220
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268804

About the Editor

Sylvia Farnham-Diggory

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