Industrial glass: glazes and enamels

Industrial glass: glazes and enamels

1st Edition - January 28, 1976

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  • Author: Wilhelm Eitel
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323151511

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Silicate Science, Volume VIII: Industrial Glass: Glazes and Enamels presents a focused discussion regarding glass fusion furnace construction as well as improvement for the efficiency of the various systems involved in glass engineering. The research papers presented in this volume are limited in the discussion of the physical and chemical reaction phenomena which occur in glass tank furnace and electric furnaces of other shapes. The book comprises of six major chapters where some chapters further divide into two parts. Most of the topics covered in this book include important improvements in the reactions of some batches, homogenization and fining of raw melts, and the behavior of the glass melts in situations where refractories come into contact with the molten material. This volume will serve as a rich source of information to students and researchers in the glass engineering, manufacturing, and technology.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to Volumes VII and VIII


    Contents of Other Volumes

    General Introduction

    Chapter I

    Part A: Reactions of Glass Batch Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures


    Elementary Batch Reactions

    Heterogeneities in Primary Batch Reaction Products

    Vacuum Melting of Glass; Influence of the Furnace Gas Atmosphere

    Part B: Reactions in Batches and Their Kinetics

    Glass Formation in Carbonate-Containing Batch Systems

    Borosilicate and Lead Silicate Glass-Batch Reactions

    Sulfate Reactions in Glass Batches

    Composition and Reactions of the Glass Tank Furnace Atmosphere

    Dissolution Processes of Solid Batch Ingredients

    Chapter II

    Fining of Molten Glass

    Introduction: Bubbles in Glass and the Nature of Their Gaseous Contents

    Practical Fining Experience. Details of Fining Techniques

    Hydrodynamic Flow Conditions in the Glass Bath

    Chapter III

    Requirements That Must Be Fulfilled By the Fined Glass before Working

    Stainings; Color Correction (Decolorization)

    Color Effects Caused by Transition Elements

    Color Changes Caused by Irradiation Luminescence

    Minor Heterogeneities; Cords and Surface-Tension Effects

    Rheology of Glass in the Workability Range

    Surface Reactions of Flowing Glass Melts in Contact with Refractories

    Problems of Contacts of Glass Melts with Gas Phases and Their Release

    Inert Gases Dissolved in Glass Melts

    Chapter IV

    Part A: Technologically Important Physical and Chemical Properties of Glasses

    Viscosity, Rheology, Phenomena, and Effects

    Adhesion of Glass on Hot Metal Surfaces

    Wettability and Corrosivity of Glass Melts in Contact with Metals and Ceramic Refractories

    Heat Transfer by Conductance and Radiation in Glass Furnace Operations

    Amber Glass

    Selectivity of Transmissivity and Reflectance of Special Glass

    Part B: Physical Properties of Glass as a Function of the Chemical Composition

    The Principle of Additivity

    Mechanical Properties and Chemical Composition of Glasses

    Titania-Modified Glasses and Their Physical Properties

    Optical Properties of Glasses

    Crystallization Tendencies in Glasses

    Dielectric Properties in Correlation with Crystallization

    Electrical Properties at Low Temperatures Glass Electrodes

    Behavior of Special Glasses for High-Vacuum and High-Frequency Technology

    Composites of Semiconductor and Ionic Glasses

    Glass/ Metal Sealing Problems

    Chapter V

    Chemical Durability of Glass


    Leachability and Weathering Phenomena

    Chemical Resistivity Phenomena of Glasses Exposed to Corrosive Acids

    Constitutional Effects on the Chemical Durability of Glass

    Effects of Organic Agents; Chelating Reactivity

    Influence of Cords on Heterogenetics in Glass on Durability

    Deterioration of Optical and Related Special Glasses by Moisture

    Chemical Durability of Enamels, Frits, and Glazes in Comparison with Analogous Glasses

    Chapter VI

    Spontaneous and Controlled Crystallization in Glass

    Devitrification of Glass "Stones" and Their Constituents

    Representative Literature References on Crystallization in Glasses of Diversified Characteristics

    Opalescence and Opacity of Glasses Containing Fluorides

    Opalescence and Turbidity of Phosphate Glasses

    Titanium Dioxide, Zirconium Dioxide, and Other Dioxides in Opal Glasses

    Glass-Type Properties of Enamels

    Adhesion Problems of Enamels on Metal Substrate

    Metal-Ceramic Sealing Technologies

    Constitution and Properties of Ceramic Glazes

    Nucleated Crystalline Opacifiers in Enamels and Glazes

    Titanium, Tin, and Zirconium Dioxide-Opacified Enamels, and Glazes

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Compound Index

    Mineral Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 412
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 28, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323151511

About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel

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