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Industrial glass: glazes and enamels - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122363085, 9780323151511

Industrial glass: glazes and enamels

1st Edition

Author: Wilhelm Eitel
eBook ISBN: 9780323151511
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1976
Page Count: 412
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Silicate Science, Volume VIII: Industrial Glass: Glazes and Enamels presents a focused discussion regarding glass fusion furnace construction as well as improvement for the efficiency of the various systems involved in glass engineering. The research papers presented in this volume are limited in the discussion of the physical and chemical reaction phenomena which occur in glass tank furnace and electric furnaces of other shapes. The book comprises of six major chapters where some chapters further divide into two parts. Most of the topics covered in this book include important improvements in the reactions of some batches, homogenization and fining of raw melts, and the behavior of the glass melts in situations where refractories come into contact with the molten material. This volume will serve as a rich source of information to students and researchers in the glass engineering, manufacturing, and technology.

Table of Contents

Preface to Volumes VII and VIII


Contents of Other Volumes

General Introduction

Chapter I

Part A: Reactions of Glass Batch Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures


Elementary Batch Reactions

Heterogeneities in Primary Batch Reaction Products

Vacuum Melting of Glass; Influence of the Furnace Gas Atmosphere

Part B: Reactions in Batches and Their Kinetics

Glass Formation in Carbonate-Containing Batch Systems

Borosilicate and Lead Silicate Glass-Batch Reactions

Sulfate Reactions in Glass Batches

Composition and Reactions of the Glass Tank Furnace Atmosphere

Dissolution Processes of Solid Batch Ingredients

Chapter II

Fining of Molten Glass

Introduction: Bubbles in Glass and the Nature of Their Gaseous Contents

Practical Fining Experience. Details of Fining Techniques

Hydrodynamic Flow Conditions in the Glass Bath

Chapter III

Requirements That Must Be Fulfilled By the Fined Glass before Working

Stainings; Color Correction (Decolorization)

Color Effects Caused by Transition Elements

Color Changes Caused by Irradiation Luminescence

Minor Heterogeneities; Cords and Surface-Tension Effects

Rheology of Glass in the Workability Range

Surface Reactions of Flowing Glass Melts in Contact with Refractories

Problems of Contacts of Glass Melts with Gas Phases and Their Release

Inert Gases Dissolved in Glass Melts

Chapter IV

Part A: Technologically Important Physical and Chemical Properties of Glasses

Viscosity, Rheology, Phenomena, and Effects

Adhesion of Glass on Hot Metal Surfaces

Wettability and Corrosivity of Glass Melts in Contact with Metals and Ceramic Refractories

Heat Transfer by Conductance and Radiation in Glass Furnace Operations

Amber Glass

Selectivity of Transmissivity and Reflectance of Special Glass

Part B: Physical Properties of Glass as a Function of the Chemical Composition

The Principle of Additivity

Mechanical Properties and Chemical Composition of Glasses

Titania-Modified Glasses and Their Physical Properties

Optical Properties of Glasses

Crystallization Tendencies in Glasses

Dielectric Properties in Correlation with Crystallization

Electrical Properties at Low Temperatures Glass Electrodes

Behavior of Special Glasses for High-Vacuum and High-Frequency Technology

Composites of Semiconductor and Ionic Glasses

Glass/ Metal Sealing Problems

Chapter V

Chemical Durability of Glass


Leachability and Weathering Phenomena

Chemical Resistivity Phenomena of Glasses Exposed to Corrosive Acids

Constitutional Effects on the Chemical Durability of Glass

Effects of Organic Agents; Chelating Reactivity

Influence of Cords on Heterogenetics in Glass on Durability

Deterioration of Optical and Related Special Glasses by Moisture

Chemical Durability of Enamels, Frits, and Glazes in Comparison with Analogous Glasses

Chapter VI

Spontaneous and Controlled Crystallization in Glass

Devitrification of Glass "Stones" and Their Constituents

Representative Literature References on Crystallization in Glasses of Diversified Characteristics

Opalescence and Opacity of Glasses Containing Fluorides

Opalescence and Turbidity of Phosphate Glasses

Titanium Dioxide, Zirconium Dioxide, and Other Dioxides in Opal Glasses

Glass-Type Properties of Enamels

Adhesion Problems of Enamels on Metal Substrate

Metal-Ceramic Sealing Technologies

Constitution and Properties of Ceramic Glazes

Nucleated Crystalline Opacifiers in Enamels and Glazes

Titanium, Tin, and Zirconium Dioxide-Opacified Enamels, and Glazes

Author Index

Subject Index

Compound Index

Mineral Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1976
28th January 1976
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel

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