This reference has been written for emergency response personnel, plant safety specialists, and emergency response coordinators. It has been prepared at a practical level to assist both in training safety personnel and to provide technical information that can assist in responding to a hazard material incident that could lead to a fire hazard situation. Considerable information and technical data are given on petroleum based products since these are among the most widely consumed products, however, the reader will find ample information on other chemicals. Fire situations pose one of the most serious problems in an industrial setting, with the potential loss of lives and property, as well as damage to the environment. Proper response by trained personnel, as well as careful preplanning can minimize the risk and damage caused by fire.


Emergency response personnel, plant safety specialists, and emergency response coordinators.

Table of Contents

1. Fire Protection Principles 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Fire Prevention Principles 1.3 Inspection Programs 1.4 Fire Investigations 2. Fire Hazard Terminology 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Glossary of Terms 3. Properties and Flammability of Hydrocarbons 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Chemistry Fundamentals 3.3 Alcohols 3.4 Ethers 3.5 Ketones 3.6 Aldehydes 3.7 Peroxides 3.8 Esters 3.9 Amines 3.10 Flammability and Pyrolysis 3.11 Categories of Petroleum Liquids 3.12 Fire Extinguishment 3.13 Flammability of Petroleum Products 3.14 Closure 4. Engineering and Technical Data on Petroleum Products 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Physical Constants 4.3 Density of Hydrocarbons 4.4 Characteristics of Petroleum Fractions 4.5 Molecular Weight of Petroleum Fractions 4.6 Critical Properties 4.7 Thermal Properties 5. Fire and Explosion Guide for Common Chemicals 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Alphabetical Listing of High Hazard Chemicals 5.3 Emergency Response Fact Sheets 6. Chemical Compatibility Information 7. Responding to Spills and Leaks 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Preplans and Approaching the Scene 7.3 Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances 7.4 Final Comments on Fire and Spill Control Appendix: Hazardous Chemicals Listing ID No -- to ID No 1724 ID No 1725 to ID No 2277 ID No 2278 to ID No 2978 ID No 2979 to ID No 9278 Index


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© 1998
William Andrew
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About the author

Tatyana Davletshina

Affiliations and Expertise

United States Agency for International Development