Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials

1st Edition - April 19, 2012

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  • Author: Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095565

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Description

A cutting room is a separate area in a clothing manufacturer where garment components are cut out. The accuracy and efficiency of cutting room operations is critical to all subsequent operations and to final garment quality. Drawing on the author’s extensive experience, Industrial cutting of textile materials summarises good practice in cutting room operations.After an introduction, the author reviews initial steps such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials. She then discusses subsequent operations from lay planning and marker making, through manual and automated spreading and cutting, to fusing of cut components and final work operations such as sorting cut components for sewing. Dr Vi?umsone-Nemes also discusses marker making, spreading and cutting of more intricate fabrics such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and pile fabrics.Industrial cutting of textile materials provides essential knowledge about cutting processes to designers, technologists, and managers to help in improving product quality and in controlling production processes effectively.

Key Features

  • Summarises good practice in cutting room operations
  • Reviews initial steps such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials and discusses subsequent operations from lay planning and marker making to fusing of cut components and final work operations
  • Includes coverage of more intricate fabrics such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and pile fabrics

Readership

Designers, technologists, managers and manufacturing specialists at various levels of expertise

Table of Contents

  • About the author

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Introduction to cutting room operations in garment manufacture

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Storage, registration and inspection of materials

    1.3 Lay planning and marker making processes

    1.4 The fabric spreading process

    1.5 The fabric cutting process

    1.6 Fusing cut components

    1.7 Final stages of cutting operations

    Chapter 2: Initial preparation and quality control of textile materials in textile cutting operations

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Unloading delivered textile materials

    2.3 Sorting and counting the delivered textile materials

    2.4 Storage of textile materials in a warehouse

    2.5 Quality control of stored textile materials

    2.6 Influence of textile faults on the industrial manufacture of garments

    Chapter 3: Lay planning and marker making in textile cutting operations

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Basic principles of the lay planning process

    3.3 Automation of the lay planning process and cutting room operations

    3.4 General characteristics of the marker making process

    3.5 Influence of textile material properties on the marker making process

    3.6 Placing pattern pieces of fusible components in a marker

    3.7 Creation of interlining markers

    3.8 Automated marker making process

    Chapter 4: Principles and methods of textile spreading

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 General characteristics of the spreading process

    4.3 Fabric spreading modes and their application

    4.4 Dealing with different kinds of spread

    4.5 Fabric quality issues

    Chapter 5: Manual spreading of textile materials

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Characteristics of the manual spreading process

    5.3 Manual spreading process modes

    5.4 Disadvantages of the manual spreading process

    5.5 Equipment for manual spreading

    Chapter 6: Automated spreading of textile materials

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The spreading table

    6.3 The spreading machine and its main parts

    6.4 Control features in the spreading process

    6.5 Semi-automated and fully automated spreading processes

    6.6 Spreading machine for tubular materials

    6.7 Spreading modes in the automated spreading process

    6.8 Automated fabric fault registration and management systems

    6.9 Comparing manual and automated spreading processes

    Chapter 7: The manual textile cutting process

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Characteristics of the manual cutting process

    7.3 Notches and cloth marking drills

    7.4 Accuracy problems in the manual cutting process

    Chapter 8: Manual cutting equipment in textile cutting operations

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The straight knife cutting machine

    8.3 The round (rotary) knife cutting machine

    8.4 The small round knife cutting machine

    8.5 The band knife cutting machine

    8.6 The fabric drilling machine

    8.7 The hot notching machine

    Chapter 9: Automated cutting of textile materials

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Automated cutting systems and their main parts

    9.3 Automated knife cutting systems

    9.4 Knife cutting systems for textiles

    9.5 Automated laser cutting systems

    9.6 Automated water-jet cutting systems

    9.7 Automated plasma cutting systems

    9.8 Automated ultrasonic cutting systems

    9.9 Multi-purpose cutters

    Chapter 10: Placement of equipment in the textile cutting room

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Placement of manual spreading and cutting equipment/workstations in the cutting room

    10.3 Placement of automated spreading and cutting equipment/workstations in the cutting room

    10.4 Lay storage systems for automated cutting processes

    Chapter 11: Fusing cut textile components

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 General characteristics of interlinings

    11.3 Fusing presses and their main parts

    11.4 Fusing quality problems and their prevention

    Chapter 12: Final work operations in the cutting process for textiles

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Causes of quality problems in cut components

    12.3 Quality control of cut components

    12.4 Re-cutting faulty components

    12.5 Numbering cut components

    12.6 Sorting and bundling cut components

    Chapter 13: Manual marker making, spreading and cutting of striped fabrics

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Marker making for styles made from materials with stripes

    13.3 Spreading and cutting process

    Chapter 14: Manual marker making, spreading and cutting materials with check patterns

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Marker making for styles from materials with check patterns

    14.3 The spreading and cutting processes

    Chapter 15: Manual marker making, spreading and cutting fabrics with motif patterns

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Marker making for styles made from materials with motif pattern

    15.3 The spreading and cutting processes

    Chapter 16: Manual marker making, spreading and cutting fabrics with border patterns

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Marker making for styles made from materials with a border pattern

    16.3 The spreading and cutting processes

    Chapter 17: Manual marker making, spreading and cutting narrow lace

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 General characteristics of narrow lace

    17.3 Characteristics of lingerie components cut from lace

    17.4 Placement of the pattern on the components

    17.5 Marker making styles directly on fabric

    17.6 The spreading process

    17.7 The cutting process

    Chapter 18: Spreading and cutting fabrics with pile

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Marker making for styles made from materials with pile

    18.3 Spreading and cutting fabrics with low-cut pile

    18.4 Spreading and cutting fabrics with high-cut pile

    Chapter 19: Problems in spreading and cutting intricate fabrics and methods to prevent them

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Marker making directly on a particular pattern

    19.3 Precise coordination of patterns in all plies of a spread

    19.4 Pin tables to prevent displacement of multi-ply spreads

    19.5 Automated systems to match patterns of intricate fabrics

    Glossary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: April 19, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095565

About the Author

Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes

Dr Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes is Assistant Professor at the University of Novi Sad, Serbia. She has conducted academic research and worked in textile manufacturing for more than 20 years in Latvia and Serbia, including working with garment manufacturers from several European countries. She is now an independent consultant and lecturer in garment production technologies and management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant professor at the University of Novi Sad, Serbia

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