Individuals as Producers of Their Development - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124445505, 9781483266107

Individuals as Producers of Their Development

1st Edition

A Life-Span Perspective

Editors: Richard M Lerner Nancy A. Busch-Rossnagel
eBook ISBN: 9781483266107
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1981
Page Count: 522
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Individuals as Producers of Their Development: A Life-Span Perspective provides an assessment of the usefulness of viewing the individual as an active contributor to his or her development. It extends the breadth of organism-environment reciprocities beyond those involved with the child and family. On the one hand, this extension involves a consideration of the role of evolutionary biological processes; on the other, it pertains to the broader ecology of human development—the social network lying outside the family, and the physical environmental contexts of development. Person-context reciprocities linked to variables that may play their greatest role in the extrafamilial context are also considered. Variables such as physical attractiveness, race, and physical handicap are examples of those discussed in this regard. Finally, because of the greater scope of the analysis, a potentially greater data base is examined in a search for documentation of the presence and role of dynamic person-context interactions.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


1 Introduction

Part I: Early Research Programs

Part II: Application to Social Problems

Part III: Locus of Control as a Moderator Variable


I An Update on Early Research Programs

2 The Nowicki-Strickland Life-Span Locus of Control Scales: Construct Validation

Children's Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale

Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale: College and Noncollege Forms

Locus of Control in Different Cultures

Nowicki-Strickland (NS) Scale Scores, Personality, and Social Interaction

Locus of Control and Academic Achievement

Locus of Control and Physical Health and Functioning

NS Locus of Control and Abnormality

Antecedents of and Attempts to Change NS Locus of Control

Conclusions and Comments


3 Maternal and Childhood Behaviors as Antecedents of Internal-External Control Perceptions in Young Adulthood


Results and Discussion

Implications of the Antecedent Data for Development of Internal Control in Adulthood


II Applications to Clinical Problems

4 Control Orientation, Drinking Behavior, and Alcoholism


Control Orientation and Alcohol Use

Control Orientation and Psychological Functioning among Alcoholics

Control Orientation and Alcoholism Treatment

The Drinking-Related Locus of Control Scale

Locus of Drinking Problems Scale

Summary and Discussion


5 Locus of Control and Marital Interaction


Review of Personality and Marriage Research and Theory

Strategies for Building a Theoretical Linkage between Personality and Marriage

A Theoretical Model Linking Locus of Control and Marriage

Review of the Research on Locus of Control and the Marital Relationship



III Locus of Control as a Moderator Variable

6 Person x Environment Interaction and Locus of Control: Laboratory, Therapy, and Classroom Studies


Locus of Control and Interactional Research

Laboratory Studies: Theory-Based Research on Locus of Control x Situation Interactions

Locus of Control x Behavior Change Interactions

Locus of Control and Classroom Control

Conclusions and Future Research Directions


7 The Locus of Control as a Moderator Variable: Stress


Research Concerned with Stress

Field Studies of Stress and Control

Scale-Assessed Stress and Control



8 Epilog


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1981
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Richard M Lerner

Nancy A. Busch-Rossnagel

Ratings and Reviews