Individual Differences and Psychopathology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122739033, 9781483217901

Individual Differences and Psychopathology

1st Edition

Physiological Correlates of Human Behaviour, Vol. 3

Editors: Anthony Gale John A. Edwards
eBook ISBN: 9781483217901
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 14th December 1983
Page Count: 314
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Physiological Correlates of Human Behaviour, Vol. 3: Individual Differences and Psychopathology offers an introduction to biological research into human behavior. The book discusses the three major dimensions of personality (extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism) and the major theories of the underlying psychophysiological causes for the observed differences in behavior; and the theory of anxiety. The text also describes the measures of individual differences in habituation of physiological responses; the perspectives on pain; the cortical correlates of intelligence; and sensation seeking as a biosocial dimension of personality. The individual differences in evoked potentials; Pavlov's nervous system typology; theories of psychosomatic disorders; and the role of learning and organismic variables in criminality are also considered. The book further tackles some problems and controversies in the psychophysiological investigation of schizophrenia; the psychophysiological contributions to psychotherapy research; and the use of psychophysiological measures for investigating the influence of social factors on psychiatric relapse. Psychologists, psychiatrists, and behavioural psychologists will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors


1. Introduction

I. Key themes

II. Special problems with research into psychopathology


2. Psychophysiology and Personality: Extraversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism

I. The trait model: extraversion and neuroticism

II. Heredity

III. Brain mechanisms in activation and arousal

IV. The evidence

V. Brain mechanisms and behaviour

VI. Biological bases of psychoticism

VII. Summary

Further reading


3. Anxiety, Personality and the Brain

I. Individual differences

II. Anxiety

III. The brain and anxiety

IV. A theory of anxiety

V. The anxious personality

Further reading


4. Habituation and Personality

I. Introduction

II. Habituation as an index of personality

III. Personality correlates of habituation

IV. Conclusion

V. Summary

Further reading


5.Perspective on Pain

I. Pain research

II. The meaning of pain

III. Treatment of pain

IV. Determinants of pain

V. Responses to pain

VI. Neurophysiology of pain

VII. The control of pain

Further reading


6. Cortical Correlates of Intelligence

I. Introduction

II. EEG and test intelligence

III. List of requirements for EEG/ERP and IQ research

IV. More recent research

V. ERP studies of test intelligence

VI. Conclusion

Further reading


7. Sensation Seeking: A Biosocial Dimension of Personality

I. Introduction

II. First biological model of sensation seeking

III. A new biological model

IV. Summary

Further reading


8. Augmenting and Reducing: Individual Differences in Evoked Potentials

I. The augmenting/reducing continuum

II. Individual differences and evoked potentials

III. Population distribution, age and sex

IV. Genetics

V. Behavioural correlates

VI. Pain tolerance

VII. Cross-modal correlations in augmenting reducing

VIII. Psychopathology

Further reading


9. Pavlov's Nervous System Typology and Beyond

I. Pavlov's theory of nervous system types

II. Early studies into nervous system types in man

III. The contribution of the Teplov-Nebylitsyn school

IV. An attempt to give a psychological interpretation to Pavlov's theory of basic properties of the nervous system

V. Nervous system properties and biologically determined dimensions of personality

Further reading


10. Anxiety and Depression

I. Anxiety

II. Depression

III. Summary

Further reading


11. Psychosomatic Disorders: Theories and Evidence

I. An ideal proof

II. Current evidence

III. Summary and conclusions

Further reading


12. Psychopathy, Delinquency and Crime

I. The role of learning and organismic variable in criminality

II. Psychopathic personality

III. Autonomie correlates of psychopathy

IV. Electrocortical correlates of psychopathy

V. Conclusions

Further reading


13. Some Problems and Controversies in the Psychophysiological Investigation of Schizophrenia

I. Introduction

II. Responsivity to simple stimuli

III. Lateral dysfunction

IV. Skin conductance response recovery and schizophrenic psychopathology

V. Electrodermal activity in high-risk studies

Further reading


14. Biofeedback in Theory and Practice

I. Visceral learning: some historical background

II. Skeletal mediation of opérant visceral conditioning effects

III. Learned control of central nervous system events

IV. Evaluating biofeedback as a clinical treatment

V. Clinical applications of biofeedback

VI. Some conclusions

Further reading


15. Psychophysiological Contributions to Psychotherapy Research: a Systems Perspective

I. Conceptual issues

II. Empirical developments

III. Problems of interpretation of data

IV. Future directions

Further reading


16. Psychophysiology, Psychopathology and the Social Environment

I. Introduction

II. The influence of social factors on the course of psychiatric disorder

III. A psychophysiological model of social reactivity and psychiatric relapse

IV. Summary

Further reading


Author index

Subject index


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© Academic Press 1983
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Anthony Gale

John A. Edwards

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