Individual Differences and Psychopathology

Individual Differences and Psychopathology

Physiological Correlates of Human Behaviour, Vol. 3

1st Edition - December 14, 1983

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  • Editors: Anthony Gale, John A. Edwards
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217901

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Physiological Correlates of Human Behaviour, Vol. 3: Individual Differences and Psychopathology offers an introduction to biological research into human behavior. The book discusses the three major dimensions of personality (extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism) and the major theories of the underlying psychophysiological causes for the observed differences in behavior; and the theory of anxiety. The text also describes the measures of individual differences in habituation of physiological responses; the perspectives on pain; the cortical correlates of intelligence; and sensation seeking as a biosocial dimension of personality. The individual differences in evoked potentials; Pavlov's nervous system typology; theories of psychosomatic disorders; and the role of learning and organismic variables in criminality are also considered. The book further tackles some problems and controversies in the psychophysiological investigation of schizophrenia; the psychophysiological contributions to psychotherapy research; and the use of psychophysiological measures for investigating the influence of social factors on psychiatric relapse. Psychologists, psychiatrists, and behavioural psychologists will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    1. Introduction

    I. Key themes

    II. Special problems with research into psychopathology


    2. Psychophysiology and Personality: Extraversion, Neuroticism and Psychoticism

    I. The trait model: extraversion and neuroticism

    II. Heredity

    III. Brain mechanisms in activation and arousal

    IV. The evidence

    V. Brain mechanisms and behaviour

    VI. Biological bases of psychoticism

    VII. Summary

    Further reading


    3. Anxiety, Personality and the Brain

    I. Individual differences

    II. Anxiety

    III. The brain and anxiety

    IV. A theory of anxiety

    V. The anxious personality

    Further reading


    4. Habituation and Personality

    I. Introduction

    II. Habituation as an index of personality

    III. Personality correlates of habituation

    IV. Conclusion

    V. Summary

    Further reading


    5.Perspective on Pain

    I. Pain research

    II. The meaning of pain

    III. Treatment of pain

    IV. Determinants of pain

    V. Responses to pain

    VI. Neurophysiology of pain

    VII. The control of pain

    Further reading


    6. Cortical Correlates of Intelligence

    I. Introduction

    II. EEG and test intelligence

    III. List of requirements for EEG/ERP and IQ research

    IV. More recent research

    V. ERP studies of test intelligence

    VI. Conclusion

    Further reading


    7. Sensation Seeking: A Biosocial Dimension of Personality

    I. Introduction

    II. First biological model of sensation seeking

    III. A new biological model

    IV. Summary

    Further reading


    8. Augmenting and Reducing: Individual Differences in Evoked Potentials

    I. The augmenting/reducing continuum

    II. Individual differences and evoked potentials

    III. Population distribution, age and sex

    IV. Genetics

    V. Behavioural correlates

    VI. Pain tolerance

    VII. Cross-modal correlations in augmenting reducing

    VIII. Psychopathology

    Further reading


    9. Pavlov's Nervous System Typology and Beyond

    I. Pavlov's theory of nervous system types

    II. Early studies into nervous system types in man

    III. The contribution of the Teplov-Nebylitsyn school

    IV. An attempt to give a psychological interpretation to Pavlov's theory of basic properties of the nervous system

    V. Nervous system properties and biologically determined dimensions of personality

    Further reading


    10. Anxiety and Depression

    I. Anxiety

    II. Depression

    III. Summary

    Further reading


    11. Psychosomatic Disorders: Theories and Evidence

    I. An ideal proof

    II. Current evidence

    III. Summary and conclusions

    Further reading


    12. Psychopathy, Delinquency and Crime

    I. The role of learning and organismic variable in criminality

    II. Psychopathic personality

    III. Autonomie correlates of psychopathy

    IV. Electrocortical correlates of psychopathy

    V. Conclusions

    Further reading


    13. Some Problems and Controversies in the Psychophysiological Investigation of Schizophrenia

    I. Introduction

    II. Responsivity to simple stimuli

    III. Lateral dysfunction

    IV. Skin conductance response recovery and schizophrenic psychopathology

    V. Electrodermal activity in high-risk studies

    Further reading


    14. Biofeedback in Theory and Practice

    I. Visceral learning: some historical background

    II. Skeletal mediation of opérant visceral conditioning effects

    III. Learned control of central nervous system events

    IV. Evaluating biofeedback as a clinical treatment

    V. Clinical applications of biofeedback

    VI. Some conclusions

    Further reading


    15. Psychophysiological Contributions to Psychotherapy Research: a Systems Perspective

    I. Conceptual issues

    II. Empirical developments

    III. Problems of interpretation of data

    IV. Future directions

    Further reading


    16. Psychophysiology, Psychopathology and the Social Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. The influence of social factors on the course of psychiatric disorder

    III. A psychophysiological model of social reactivity and psychiatric relapse

    IV. Summary

    Further reading


    Author index

    Subject index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 314
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: December 14, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217901

About the Editors

Anthony Gale

John A. Edwards

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