Individual Differences and Personality

Individual Differences and Personality

4th Edition - March 1, 2022
This is the Latest Edition
  • Author: Michael Ashton
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323859509

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Individual Differences and Personality, Fourth Edition provides a comprehensive overview of research, including what personality is and how and why it differs between people. The book begins with a description of the study of personality and then presents basic principles of personality measurement, the concept of personality traits, and the major dimensions of personality variation. Further chapters review personality change and stability, biological causal mechanisms, genetic and environmental influences, and evolutionary adaptive function. Personality disorders are examined as well as "life outcomes" (e.g., relationships, work, health, etc.) which are predicted by personality characteristics. In addition, the book examines important individual differences, such as mental abilities, religious beliefs, political attitudes and sexuality. Updates in this new edition include new content on measurement, understanding correlations and reliability, results from large sample size studies on developmental change, stability of personality, and much more.

Key Features

  • Contains both theory and research
  • Examines the impact of personality on life outcomes
  • Includes new content from meta-analyses and large sample size studies
  • Retains chapters and organization with fully updated material
  • Explores environmental, genetic and evolutionary perspectives
  • Presents an accessible style that is suitable for courses on individual differences


Students in Individual Differences psychology courses

Table of Contents

  • 1. Basic Concepts in Psychological Measurement
    2. Personality Traits and the Inventories that Measure Them
    3. Personality Structure: Classifying Traits
    4. Developmental Change and Stability of Personality
    5. Biological Bases of Personality
    6. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Personality
    7. The Evolutionary Function of Personality
    8. Personality Disorders
    9. Personality and Life Outcomes
    10. Mental Ability
    11. Vocational Interests
    12. Religion and Politics
    13. Sexuality

Product details

  • No. of pages: 425
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: March 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323859509
  • About the Author

    Michael Ashton

    Michael Ashton
    Michael C. Ashton is a professor of psychology at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Western Ontario in 1998. As a grad student in the late 1990s, together with Kibeom Lee, he did some cross-cultural research to find out whether the “Big Five” personality dimensions found in North America could be recovered in other cultures. Using their own work and that of other researchers, they found that there were actually six personality dimensions. The “new” one was the H factor, or the Honesty-Humility Factor, was discovered and is now considered one of the six dimensions of human personality. In addition to the second edition of the textbook, Individual Differences and Personality, he is the author of numerous articles in scientific journals, and co-authored with Kibeom Lee The H Factor of Personality.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor of Psychology, Brock University, Ontario, Canada