In Vitro Toxicology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128046678

In Vitro Toxicology

1st Edition

Authors: Alok Dhawan Seok (Soga) Kwon
Paperback ISBN: 9780128046678
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st October 2017
Page Count: 256
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Institutional Access


Description

In Vitro Toxicology addresses the different protocols and methods of in vitro testing in detail, which can serve as an alternative to animal testing. The book will highlight the usefulness of models and methods, as well as the cost-effectiveness and reproducibility of such methodologies. The current approaches and strategies required to develop an easy, reliable, validated and high throughput system for use in alternative animal models to circumvent in vivo testing are discussed in detail. This book also includes chapters on the principles involved in the general selection and use of models that address the issues of safety concerns as well as regulatory acceptance of these methods and discusses the current understandings and strategies for the identification of biomarkers in toxicity testing keeping in view the different molecular mechanisms such as stress response/cell signaling pathways involved in the toxicity. Furthermore, principles involved in the general selection and use of models that address the issues of safety concerns and regulatory acceptance of these models. In Vitro Toxicology is beneficial to students, scientists, and regulators working in toxicology as well as the field of chemicals and novel materials safety assessment.

Key Features

  • Discusses new techniques and protocols in a clear and concise manner
  • Includes examinations of nanotoxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity
  • Explains practical laboratory methods as well as the theories behind in vitro testing

Readership

Academic and industry researchers, regulators and graduate students in toxicology

Table of Contents

  1. Development of in vitro toxicology: A historic story
    2. Principles for in vitro toxicology
    3. Models and methods for in vitro toxicity
    4. Methods for in vitro genotoxicity
    5. Considerations of metabolism in in vitro toxicology
    6. In vitro approaches for predictive biokinetics
    7. Application of Omics Technologies to In Vitro Toxicology
    8. Extrapolation of in vitro results to predict human toxicity
    9. Nanotoxicity: an in vitro prediction
    10. Scientific and regulatory considerations in the development of in vitro techniques for toxicology
    11. Safety issues in the use tissues/in vitro methods for toxicity assessment
    12. Future directions in in vitro toxicology

Details

No. of pages:
256
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128046678

About the Author

Alok Dhawan

Professor Alok Dhawan is currently Director, Institute of Life Sciences, Ahmedabad University, Gujarat on lien from CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow where he is Principal Scientist and Area Coordinator, Nanomaterial Toxicology Group. He obtained his Ph.D. Biochemistry from University of Lucknow, India in 1991. Professor Dhawan started the area of nanomaterial toxicology in the country and published a guidance document on the safe use of nanomaterials. His group elucidated the mechanism of toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in human and bacterial cells. His work has been widely cited. He set up a state of the art nanomaterial toxicology facility at CSIR-IITR. He pioneered the identification of peripheral biomarkers of exposure, effect and susceptibility to xenobiotics. Using DNA damage in lymphocytes as a biomarker of exposure, he has established the reference values for DNA damage in healthy Indian population. He also developed and validated Drosophila melanogaster for in vivo genotoxicity assessment. These can have far reaching applications in predicting the adverse health effects of drugs and chemicals on human health. He was instrumental in promoting the cause of alternate to animal models in toxicology including in silico models. Professor Dhawan has won several honours and awards including the INSA Young Scientist Medal in 1994, CSIR Young Scientist Award in 1999 the Shakuntala Amir Chand Prize of ICMR in 2002 and the Vigyan Ratna by the Council of Science and Technology, UP in 2011. His work in the area of nanomaterial toxicology has won him international accolades as well and he was awarded two Indo-UK projects under the prestigious UK-IERI programme. He also has two European Union Projects under the FP7 and New INDIGO programmes. He founded the Indian Nanoscience Society in 2007. In recognition of his work he has been elected Fellow, The National Academy of Sciences, India; Fellow, The Academy of Toxicological Sciences, USA; Fellow, The Academy of Environmental Biology; Fellow, Academy of science for Animal Welfare; Fellow—Society of Toxicology (India), Founder Fellow, Indian Nanoscience Society; Vice President—Environmental Mutagen Society of India (2006–07); Member—National Academy of Medical Sciences. He has to his credit over 100 publications in peer reviewed international journals. Five reviews/book chapters. Four patents, one copyright and the Comet assay website www.cometassayindia.org. He has also been a Guest Editor of a special issue of the journal Nanotoxicology (Supplement 1, 2008) and Volume 3(1) 2009 published by Taylor and Francis group, UK. He has edited a book along with Prof. Diana Anderson entitled The Comet Assay In Toxicology which has been published by The Royal Society of Chemistry, UK under its series on Issues in Toxicology. He is the Editor-In-Chief, Journal of Tranalational Toxicology published by American Scientific Publishers, USA and serves as the Member, Editorial Board of Mutagenesis, Mutation Research Reviews and other journal of repute.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Institute of Life Sciences, Ahmedabad University, Gujarat, India; Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research

Seok (Soga) Kwon

Dr. Kwon is a Human Safety Toxicologist at the Singapore Innovation Center for Procter & Gamble in Singapore.

Affiliations and Expertise

Human Safety Toxicologist, Procter and Gamble, Central Product Safety, Global Product Stewardship