State of the art information on in situ treatment technologies for hazardous waste-contaminated soils is presented. Describes for each technology: wastes amenable to treatment, ease of application, potential level of treatment available, reliability, secondary impacts and equipment and reagents required.


Individuals responsible for cleaning sites in which hazardous waste contaminated soils exist.

Table of Contents

Part I: Technology Descriptions Executive Summary Purpose and Scope Legislative and Regulatory Overview Time Frame 1. Introduction 1.1 Purpose 1.2 Background 1.3 Special Considerations for In Situ Treatment 1.4 Overview of the Handbook 2. Legislative and Regulatory Overview 2.1 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 2.2 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act 2.3 National Contingency Act 3. Technologies for In Situ Treatment 3.1 Soil Flushing 3.2 Solidification and Stabilization 3.3 Degradation 3.4 Control of Volatile Materials 3.5 Chemical and Physical Separation Techniques 4. Delivery and Recovery Systems 4.1 Hydraulic Fracturing 4.2 Radial Well Drilling 4.3 Ultrasonic Methods 4.4 Kerfing 4.5 Jet-Induced Slurry Method 4.6 Carbon Dioxide Injection 4.7 Hot Brine Injection 4.8 Cyclic Pumping References Appendix A: Modification of Soil Properties Part II: Background Information 1. Introduction 2. Monitoring Introduction Statistical Considerations Soil Sampling in the Treatment Zone and in the Underlying Unsaturated Zone Soil Pore Liquid Sampling in the Unsaturated Zone Water Samples from the Saturated Zone Runoff Water Monitoring Air Monitoring 3. Characterization and Evaluation of Fundamental Processes in Soil/Waste Systems Site and Soil Facotrs Related to In Situ Treatment Waste Characterization related t


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© 1991
William Andrew
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